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Revisioning the borders of community

Art and migration: revisioning the borders of community is a collective response to current and historic constructs of migration as disruptive of national heritage. This interplay of academic essays and art professionals’ interviews investigates how the visual arts – especially by or about migrants – create points of encounter between individuals, places, and objects. Migration has increasingly taken centre stage in contemporary art, as artists claim migration as a paradigm of artistic creation. The myriad trajectories of transnational artworks and artists’ careers outlined in the volume are reflected in the density and dynamism of fairs and biennales, itinerant museum exhibitions and shifting art centres. It analyses the vested political interests of migration terminology such as the synonymous use of ‘refugees’ and ‘asylum seekers’ or the politically constructed use of ‘diaspora’. Political and cultural narratives frame globalisation as a recent shift that reverses centuries of cultural homogeneity. Art historians and migration scholars are engaged in revisioning these narratives, with terms and methodologies shared by both fields. Both disciplines are elaborating an histoire croisée of the circulation of art that denounces the structural power of constructed borders and cultural gatekeeping, and this volume reappraises the historic formation of national identities and aesthetics heritage as constructed under transnational visual influences. This resonates with migrant artists’ own demands for self-determination in a display space that too often favours canonicity over hybridity. Centring migration – often silenced by normative archives or by nationalist attribution practices – is part of the workload of revisioning art history and decolonising museums.

Heather Walton

love language through analysis. This is an imaginative and creative work. Analysis ‘is a flight of metaphors – it is literature’ (1987b: 3). The future of mourning Kristeva’s preference for border territory beyond emigration and immigration controls places her own writing in the tradition of modernist literature. The writer, whose status is that of traveller and observer, offers her commentary upon this interrupted journey. Kristeva begins Black Sun (1989) by assuming a frequently rehearsed melancholy narrative role. On the frontiers of life and death, occasionally I

in Literature, theology and feminism
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Immigrants and other outsiders
Bryan Fanning
Lucy Michael

immigrants arrive, the characteristics of immigrant groups affecting their emigration and immigration, the biases and structural barriers they encounter in the host society, and the multiple ways in which they seek to adapt to and change the institutions which facilitate integration. Using the concepts associated with the theory of segmented assimilation to frame these contributions, we establish a framework through which we invite our readers to view the successes and adaptations of the migrants represented here as well as the structural powerlessness with which many of

in Immigrants as outsiders in the two Irelands
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Reconstruction and Soldier Settlement in the Empire Between the Wars

Research on soldier settlement has to be set within the wider history of emigration and immigration. This book examines two parallel but complementary themes: the settlement of British soldiers in the overseas or 'white' dominions, Australia, Canada, New Zealand and South Africa, between 1915 and 1930. One must place soldier settlement within the larger context of imperial migration prior to 1914 in order to elicit the changes in attitude and policy which occurred after the armistice. The book discusses the changes to Anglo-dominion relations that were consequent upon the incorporation of British ex-service personnel into several overseas soldier settlement programmes, and unravels the responses of the dominion governments to such programmes. For instance, Canadians and Australians complained about the number of ex-imperials who arrived physically unfit and unable to undertake employment of any kind. The First World War made the British government to commit itself to a free passage scheme for its ex-service personnel between 1914 and 1922. The efforts of men such as L. S. Amery who attempted to establish a landed imperial yeomanry overseas is described. Anglicisation was revived in South Africa after the second Anglo-Boer War, and politicisation of the country's soldier settlement was an integral part of the larger debate on British immigration to South Africa. The Australian experience of resettling ex-servicemen on the land after World War I came at a great social and financial cost, and New Zealand's disappointing results demonstrated the nation's vulnerability to outside economic factors.

An interview with Robyn Asleson
Bénédicte Miyamoto
Marie Ruiz

Congress subject headlines such as ‘Emigration and immigration in art’ or ‘Expatriate artists’, these tend to retrieve small amounts of results. And when you text search in the gloss produced by an artist’s gallery or agents, the information about migration is not always transparent, and often used and misrepresented – put forward or attenuated – according to an exhibition’s context. Robyn Asleson: You were just talking about the thesaurus – there are so many synonyms for the mobility that you are talking about. At the moment, interviews with living artists and good

in Art and migration
Liverpool as a diasporic city, 1825–1913
John Herson

Commissioners (1833); 1833–54 – Annual Reports of the Colonial Land and Emigration Commissioners; 1855–72 – General Reports of the Emigration Commissioners; 1876–1913 – Board of Trade Returns on Emigration and Immigration. No port figures have been found for 1836, 1838 and 1873–5; these years are estimated from trends in adjacent years. In the statistics the

in The empire in one city?
Catholic human rights discourse in Northern Ireland in the 1980s
Maria Power

RIGHTS DISCOURSE IN NI IN THE 1980S 135 • Rights of meeting and association (§23). • Right to emigrate and immigrate (§25). • Political rights, including right to participate in public affairs and juridical protection of rights (§ 26–27). But it also outlines the following duties: • • • • To acknowledge and respect rights of others (§30). To collaborate mutually (§31). To act for others responsibly (§39). To preserve life and live it becomingly (§42). One of the key elements of this new form of teaching on human rights was that the Church now believed itself

in Theories of International Relations and Northern Ireland
Panikos Panayi

the nineteenth century, by its conclusion – as the country evolved into the largest continental European economy – it developed a need for labour which turned it into a net importer of people. 30 Emigration and immigration went together with internal migration as part of the industrialisation and urbanisation process of the nineteenth century. By 1871, nearly 38 per cent of Germans did not reside in

in The Germans in India
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Marjory Harper

Recent years have seen an upsurge of interest in the study of migration, emigration and immigration, at both scholarly and popular levels. Throughout Europe, North America and the Antipodes, the enduring popularity of diaspora studies is reflected in numerous research projects and publications, as well as teaching, media and museum coverage, cultural tourism and the promotional and co-ordinating work of bodies such as the Association of European Migration Institutions. 1 But despite all this activity one crucial theme

in Emigrant homecomings
Derek Fraser

Guardians , p. 20; Annual Report , 1893–94, p. 4. 10 Select Committee on Emigration and Immigration, Minutes of Evidence, July 1889, Mins 992, 1122. 11 H. W. T. Bowyear to LJBG, 1 May 1911, LJWB Archives. 12 Charity Commission return, February 1963. 13 LJBG Annual Report , 1919–20, p. 3; 1922–23, pp. 4–5. 14 N. Cohen to R. Hurwitz, 25 May 1934, LJWB Archives. 15 Hurwitz to Cohen, n.d. May 1934

in Leeds and its Jewish Community