The concept of the learning region is central to the way of problem-solving. Like 'lifelong learning' the term is used variously and carelessly. This book explores the meaning and importance of the learning region. Not all universities warm to such local-regional engagement. The unwise pride of global forces and nations undermines it; but even the most prestigious and 'global' university has a local footprint and ever-watchful neighbours. The book arises from the work of PASCAL, an international non-governmental network Observatory. Its name exploits echoes of philosophical depth as well as technical modernity of language, taking the concepts of Place, Social Capital and Learning together with the vital connecting conjunctions of And, to define its mission. At the heart of the story is PASCAL's experience of working with multiple regions and their universities on their experience with engagement. The book examines in turn several central strands mainly of policy but also of process that are illuminated by the PASCAL Universities and Regional Engagement (PURE) project. The PURE processes and outcomes, despite limitations and severe disruption by forces located outside the region and often too the nation, show the potential gain from international networking and shared activities. The book also discusses internal arrangements within the administration before turning to external relations: both with the university and tertiary sector and with other stakeholders in the private and third sectors. Regional innovation systems require entrepreneurialism inside government, higher education and training, as well as within industry from small and medium enterprises to multinationals.
belief in the free market, corporate
power and financial globalisation (Olssen, 2004). Its trajectory has intensified as
a result of the 2008 global economic crisis and subsequent European debt crisis
(Overbeek, 2012). The State’s response has been expansionary policies, austerity
measures and structural reforms. Austerity measures relate to decisions by the
State to reduce deficits through spending cuts or tax rises, i.e. spending cuts
through withdrawal of State support for public services and welfare. Structural
reform includes entrepreneurialism through increasing
Governing and politicising ‘actually existing austerity’ in a post-democratic city
field of (constrained) action in London to suggest that a ‘common sense’ over how austerity should be managed is being pushed by local urban elites, based on three inter-locking logics: compassionate competence; responsibilisation; and speculative urban entrepreneurialism.
Both myself and Ellis ( chapter 4 ) explore the structural connections between austerity, inequality and violence. But where Ellis explores interpersonal expressions of violence, this chapter engages with a structural violence which has unfolded on the terrain of the local state
energy and resources
of industry, commerce and its skilled workforce to achieve economic objectives.
learning and partnership processes
Regional innovation systems (see Chapter 9) require entrepreneurialism inside
government, higher education and training, as well as within industry from SMEs
to multinationals. An administration working in non-collaborating silos cannot
build partnerships and generate synergies outside.
The same applies to nurturing broader social, health and welfare, recreational
and cultural well
the same time, it remains the case that
these enterprises are defined and driven by the creativity and narratives of a single
individual, working within existing systems to maximise that person’s productivity. A
portrait emerges of a networked artistic enterprise driven by the neoliberal values of
individualism, entrepreneurialism, and resistance to external regulation (see Harvie,
Fair Play 2–3). In responding to its circumstances and altering its approach within
them, Ex Machina displays the pragmatism and reflexivity that Wendy Brown argues
production, I consider the significance of the artist’s portrayal of presumably
enslaved black people typically engaged in episodes of entrepreneurialism,
leisure, or merrymaking.
In his analysis of Atlantic slave traders, James Pope-Hennessy claimed
that nothing better illustrates what he termed the ‘Myth of the Merry and
Contented Slave’ than ‘a series of vignettes in the mode of the lovely coloured
engravings of slave festivals based on the pictures of the eighteenth-century
painter Agostino Brunyas [sic]’.14 For Pope-Hennessy and others, Brunias’s
This book explores the development of Robert Lepage’s distinctive approach to stage direction in the early (1984–94) and middle (1995–2008) stages of his career, arguing that globalisation had a defining effect in shaping his aesthetic and professional trajectory. It combines examination of Lepage’s theatremaking techniques with discussion of his work’s effects on audiences, calling on Lepage’s own statements as well as existing scholarship and critical response. In addition to globalisation theory, the book draws on cinema studies, queer theory, and theories of affect and reception. As such, it offers an unprecedented conceptual framework, drawing together what has previously been a scattered field of research. Each of six chapters treats a particular aspect of globalisation, using this as a means to explore one or more of Lepage’s productions. These aspects include the relationship of the local (in Lepage’s case, his background in Québec) to the global; the place of individual experience within global late modernity; the effects of screen media on human perception; the particular affect of ‘feeling global’; the place of branding in contemporary creative systems; and the relationship of creative industries to neoliberal economies. Making theatre global: Robert Lepage’s original stage productions will be of interest to scholars of contemporary theatre, advanced-level undergraduates with an interest in the application of theoretical approaches to theatrical creation and reception, and arts lovers keen for new perspectives on one of the most talked-about theatre artists of the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries.
Ethical narratives of philanthrocapitalist development
Jacqueline Novogratz, founder of the global venture-philanthropy Acumen Fund, begins her autobiography, The Blue Sweater: Bridging the Gap Between Rich and Poor in an Interconnected World (2009), with a remarkable story. In 1987, at age twenty-five, she went for a jog through the streets of Kigali, the capital of Rwanda, where she was establishing a microfinance institution for women living in poverty. She was stopped in her tracks by the appearance of a young boy wearing a distinctive blue sweater – ‘my sweater’ – identical to one she had worn as a child. Twenty years later, on the other side of the world, she checked the tag to find her name written on it. Novogratz is an influential figure in the social entrepreneurship and impact investing world, which promotes entrepreneurial solutions to global poverty to accelerate economic development. This chapter uses her book cover to explore how Novogratz uses storytelling in the cultivation of a particular ethos of charismatic entrepreneurialism and privatized philanthropy amid postcolonial landscapes. Her book has converted many champions for philanthrocapitalism, and the chapter questions how such narratives of market-driven development attempt to ‘ethicalize’ and rework older colonial logics of debt, value extraction and racialized difference.
Nationalism has reasserted itself today as the political force of our times, remaking European politics wherever one looks. Britain is no exception, and in the midst of Brexit, it has even become a vanguard of nationalism's confident return to the mainstream. Brexit, in the course of generating a historically unique standard of sociopolitical uncertainty and constitutional intrigue, tore apart the two-party compact that had defined the parameters of political contestation for much of twentieth-century Britain. This book offers a wide-ranging picture of the different theoretical accounts relevant to addressing nationalism. It briefly repudiates the increasingly common attempts to read contemporary politics through the lens of populism. The book explores the assertion of 'muscular liberalism' and civic nationalism. It examines more traditional, conservative appeals to racialised notions of blood, territory, purity and tradition as a means of reclaiming the nation. The book also examines how neoliberalism, through its recourse to discourses of meritocracy, entrepreneurial self and individual will, alongside its exaltation of a 'points-system' approach to the ills of immigration, engineers its own unique rendition of the nationalist crisis. There are a number of important themes through which the process of liberal nationalism can be documented - what Arun Kundnani captured, simply and concisely, as the entrenchment of 'values racism'. These include the 'faux-feminist' demonisation of Muslims.