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Open Access (free)
Neil McNaughton

Issues concerning women The environment 120 9 ➤ The background and origins of the environment as a political issue ➤ A review of the ways in which the environment became a more prominent issue ➤ Description and assessment of New Labour environmental policies after 1997 DEFINING THE TERM ‘ENVIRONMENT’ The term ‘environment’ is a broad one and we need first to establish which aspects are covered here. For the purposes of this chapter, we will recognise the following meanings. ● Matters concerning the physical environment, including air and water quality

in Understanding British and European political issues
‘Working the ground’ in Scotland

Ethnographies of labour at sea must examine the experience of that labour, rather than contemplate the commodities that are produced, or resort to trite metaphors about watery 'flow' and 'immersion' This book takes up a labour-centred Marxist approach to human-environment relations, place and language, human-machine relations, technique and technology, political economy and violence. It explores how fishers make the sea productive through their labour, using technologies ranging from wooden boats to digital GPS plotters to create familiar places in a seemingly hostile environment. While most analyses of navigation assume that its purpose is orientation, virtually all navigation devices are used in techniques to solve the problem of relative position. Fishers frequently have to make impossible choices between safe seamanship and staying afloat economically, and the book describes the human impact of the high rate of deaths in the fishing industry. The lives of fishermen are affected by capitalist forces in the markets they sell to, forces that shape even the relations between fishers on the same boat. The book also discusses techniques people used to extend their bodies and perceptual abilities, the importance of controlling and delicately manipulating these extensions and the caring relationships of maintenance boats and machines required. A 'new anthropology of labour' and a 'decolonised anthropology dispenses with the disciplinary emphasis on the "outside" of capitalism and encompasses the dynamism and interconnections of global society'.

Chris Pearson

9 ‘Greening’ militarized environments Introduction Within the militarized environment of Captieux firing range, plants, such as marsh clubmoss, thrive amongst the drainage lakes created by the US army during its construction of weapon storage facilities in the early 1950s.1 The military presence at Captieux unintentionally created suitable conditions for rare species to flourish. Now, some ninety years after its militarization during the First World War, Captieux is set to be integrated into the European Union’s Natura 2000 network of ecologically rare and

in Mobilizing nature
Kalahandi, c.1800–1950
Biswamoy Pati

2 Environment and social history: Kalahandi, c.1800–1950 Kalahandi is in the north-west section of present-day Orissa province, bordering Raipur (Madhya Pradesh) and the Koraput district in the west; the Koraput district in the south; Bolangir, Sambalpur and Raipur in the north; and the Koraput district and Baudh-Khondmals in the east. Originally a feudal state, with five zamindaris (Karlapat, Mahulpatana, Madanpur-Rampur, Lanjigarh and Kashipur),1 Kalahandi merged with Orissa on 1 January 1948. The undivided Kalahandi district stretches across an area of 11

in South Asia from the margins
Chris Pearson

8 Opposing militarized environments Introduction In 1965 the poet and former resister, René Char, published a small booklet protesting the military’s proposal to establish a series of nuclear missile silos on Plateau d’Albion (see chapter 7). Dedicating La Provence point oméga to the region’s migratory birds, Char wrote how militarization would ‘wound’ the soil that produced truffles, vines, wild mushrooms, apples, and peaches. Nuclear missiles – with all the social and environmental risks they entailed – would replace this natural bounty. Warning that the

in Mobilizing nature
Thomas Martin

understanding of problem environments, which are then acted upon by the Prevent assemblage. In doing so, the chapter details how British communities policy and the Prevent agenda come to be intimately bound together. The problematic identified in the past two chapters renders environments within which becoming takes place as a central concern. In this chapter, the book analyses these environments, exploring how certain communities and institutional spaces come to be seen as problematic, conducive to radicalisation. In analysing

in Counter-radicalisation policy and the securing of British identity
Dane Kennedy

Introduction Exploration, the environment and empire are inextricably intertwined with one another. Exploration was first and foremost an enterprise that required engagement with an unfamiliar environment, whether it was seductively appealing, as was the case with the tropical islands of the South Pacific, or harshly unforgiving, as was true of the frigid wastelands of the

in Writing imperial histories
Abstract only
London’s racial geography, 1960–80
Caspar Melville

Chapter 1 Hostile environment: London’s racial geography, 1960–80 This chapter charts the processes through which space became racialised in London between the 1950s and the 1980s and the emergence of specific forms of musical space, the reggae sound system1 and the soul club, which flowed into and were reconfigured in the club cultures of London in the mid-1980s. It asks and tries to answer a series of questions. How was public space racialised in the post-war period? How was leisure patterned by race? How did it happen that those coded as non-white and

in It’s a London thing
Annamaria Simonazzi

14 Labour policies in a deflationary environment Annamaria Simonazzi Introduction National models of employment, production and welfare both mediate and respond to multiple pressures for change associated with various external and internal challenges: increased globalisation, deregulation and financialisation of markets, technological change, the ageing of the population and migration flows. The analysis of these challenges, their effect ‘in maintaining, reshaping, revitalizing or indeed destabilizing national employment models’, as well as the interlocking

in Making work more equal
David E. Omissi

hid advancing enemy masses and of rising rivers which swept away vital pontoon bridges. The story has been told countless times of the sudden thaw during the retreat from Moscow which melted the ice of the river Berezina and left Napoleon’s army – its boats already burnt – stranded on the far bank at the mercy of the Cossacks. But the constraints imposed by the environment on military activity were not

in Air power and colonial control