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Bram Stoker‘s ‘Carpet of Death’ and Ireland‘s Horrible Beauty
Derek Gladwin

This article examines Irish bogland as Gothic landscapes in Bram Stoker‘s The Snake‘s Pass (1890). Conjoining the constituent elements of the Irish bog with the EcoGothic as a literary and cultural mode, the ‘Bog Gothic’ illustrates bogland as untamed wasteland that resists incorporation into modernity and colonialism. This article argues that investigating bogland in The Snakes Pass will draw attention to the ways in which Irish bogs are situated precariously among issues of national identity, colonial consciousness and environmental history, which ultimately results in the marginalisation and degradation of these ubiquitous and emblematic landscapes of Ireland.

Gothic Studies
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How control of nature shaped the international order
Author: Joanne Yao

Environmental politics has traditionally been a peripheral concern for IR theory, but increasing alarm over global environmental challenges has elevated international society’s relationship with the natural world into the theoretical limelight. IR theory’s engagement with environmental politics, however, has largely focused on interstate cooperation in the late twentieth century, with few works exploring the longstanding historical links between the management of natural resources and the foundations of the modern international order. This book examines nineteenth-century efforts to establish international commissions on three transboundary rivers – the Rhine, the Danube, and the Congo. It charts how the ambition to tame nature (both the natural world and human nature) became an international standard of rational and civilized authority and informed our geographical imagination of the international. This notion of domination over nature was central to the emergence of the early international order in the way it shaped three core IR concepts: the territorial sovereign state, imperial hierarchies, and international organizations. The book contributes to environmental politics and IR by highlighting how the relationship between society and nature, rather than being a peripheral concern, has always lain at the heart of international politics.

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Living, working, and thinking in a melting world

Ice humanities is a pioneering collection of essays designed to bring to the fore how change to our cryosphere is imagined and experienced. By the end of this century, we will likely be facing a world where sea ice no longer reliably forms in large areas of the Arctic Ocean, where glaciers have not just retreated but disappeared, where ice sheets collapse, and where permafrost is far from permanent. The ramifications of such change are not geophysical and biochemical – they are societal and cultural, and they are about value and loss.

Where does that leave our inherited ideas, knowledge, and experiences of ice, snow, frost, and frozen ground? How will human, animal, and plant communities superbly adapted to cold and high places cope with less, or even no, ice? The ecological services provided by ice alone are breathtaking. Just one example is the role of seasonal meltwater in providing water and food security for hundreds of millions of people around the world. The stakes could not be higher. This collection develops the field of ice humanities in order to reveal the centrality of ice in human and non-human life.

A new history of knowledge

This book tells the story of how modern environmentalism emerged in postwar Sweden. It shows that the ‘environmental turn’ in Sweden occurred as early as the autumn of 1967 and that natural scientists led the way. The most influential was the chemist Hans Palmstierna, who was both an active Social Democrat and a regular contributor to the nation’s leading morning paper. Thus, he had a unique platform from which to exert influence. Drawing on his rich and previously untapped personal archive, the book explores how popular environmental engagement developed in Sweden. The book also highlights the journalist Barbro Soller, who in the mid-1960s became Sweden’s – and indeed one of the world’s – first environmental journalists. Moreover, it demonstrates how the pioneering historian Birgitta Odén, in collaboration with the Swedish National Defence Research Institute, sought to launch an interdisciplinary research programme based in the humanities and the social sciences as early as 1967–1968. An important conclusion of the book is that environmentalism emerged in Swedish society before there was an actual environmental movement. However, from 1969 onwards new social movements began to alter the dynamics. Hence, by the time the United Nations arranged the Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment in June 1972, environmental knowledge had become a source of conflict between rival interests. The environmental turn in postwar Sweden is the first full-length study to emerge from the Lund Centre for the History of Knowledge (LUCK), and demonstrates how its specific take on the history of knowledge enhances historical scholarship.

David Larsson Heidenblad

Birgitta Odén, in collaboration with the Swedish National Defence Research Institute (FOA), political scientists, and economists, developed the interdisciplinary project ‘Miljö, naturresurser och samhälle’ [Environment, natural resources and society]. I follow her from the time when the first steps were taken, in May 1967, until she abandoned the project in the spring of 1969. I also analyse how she worked at the local level to build up an environmental-history research speciality at the Department of History at Lund University

in The environmental turn in postwar Sweden
Chris Pearson

a thoroughly hybrid environment created through a combination of weapons, terrain, soldiers, and climate. But, as this chapter 91 Mobilizing nature argues, overstressing their artificiality obscures soldiers’ embodied and visceral experience of dwelling in the militarized environment and their un-ironic observation and appreciation of nature. Furthermore, it was only through the mobilization of natural resources, such as timber, that armies were able to supply themselves and fight the war. By outlining the Western Front’s environmental history, this chapter

in Mobilizing nature
Chris Pearson

agents on soldiers’ minds and bodies. The camp’s anxiety-provoking medical geographies are overlooked within nineteenth-century French medical history and global environmental histories of health.5 This chapter aims to shed light on them. Despite worries over the camp’s potentially harmful environment, the creation of Châlons Camp heralded the beginning of the military narrative that identified supposedly empty and worthless land as ideal for militarization. Tapping into the dominant expert views that this part of Champagne was economically insignificant, Napoleon and

in Mobilizing nature
Global ecoGothic and the world-ecology in Rana Dasgupta’s Tokyo Cancelled
Sharae Deckard

register the world-ecology, particularly the ecological regimes corresponding to neoliberalism and financialization. Before turning to the novel, I wish to outline the elements of my literary methodology, which employs a geographical-materialist approach to texts informed by a world-systems-inflected environmental history of the ecological phases of capitalism. Ivakhiv’s reformulation of world-systems theory

in Ecogothic
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Ice, culture, and economy in northern and northwestern Russia
Alexei Kraikovski

important asset of the climate, and the local dwellers used it actively and effectively. Ice was no longer framed as an inconvenience to trade. With ice, St Petersburg opened a new chapter in the environmental history of Russian urbanization. Dealing with the frozen element was integral to urban space in the imperial capital. The numerous rivers and canals formed the skeleton of the city and in winter became a seamlessly integrated part of the everyday activities of the people living on the riverbanks. Grigorii Kaganov, in his research on the visual

in Ice humanities
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Anna Green and Kathleen Troup

past. Their work encouraged the ‘turns’ to social history and from social history to cultural history, to micro-history, world history, 48 and environmental history, as well as to the history of emotions. A century of historiography has been tremendously stimulated by Bloch’s and Febvre’s expansive vision coupled with Braudel’s passionate and courageous leadership. Throughout his life, Braudel remained committed to exposing the big picture. In the following extract from the longue durée section of The Mediterranean , we meet the mountains and hear their story

in The houses of history