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This book addresses some of the neglected problems, people and vulnerabilities of the Asia-Pacific region. It talks about emancipation, human security, 'security politics', language and threat-construction. The book is divided into three sections: agents; strategies and contexts; and futures. The first section outlines a range of possible agents or actors potentially capable of redressing individual suffering and vulnerability in the region. It examines East Asian regional institutions and dynamics of regionalism as potential sources of 'progressive' security discourses and practices. There is focus on the progressive security potential of regional institutions and regionalism has become increasingly prominent in literature on security in the Asia-Pacific. Two common interpretations of the role of epistemic communities in the construction of security are contested: that they are either passive sources of governmental legitimacy, or autonomous agents with the capacity of constructing or creating state interests. The second section reviews strategies and contexts, outlining a range of different sites of insecurity in the region, the ways in which dominant security discourses and practices emerge, and the extent to which such discourses are contested in different contexts. Indonesian government's approach to minority groups and separatism, the issue of civil unrest and human rights abuses in Burma, and the Australian government's attitude towards refugees and asylum-seekers are discussed. The third section deals with security futures, specifically discussing the question of what alternative security discourses and practices might look like. Finally, the book outlines a feminist critical security discourse and examines its applicability to the Asia-Pacific region.

A Singaporean tale of two ‘essentialisms’

T HE ROLE OF EPISTEMIC communities as producers, processors and purveyors of knowledge on national and international security affairs is no longer questioned today, not least by conventional scholars of security ( Adler, 2005 ; Haas, 1992 ). Likewise, the notion of security studies communities based in Singapore – comprising constituents of the state

in Critical Security in the Asia-Pacific
Theory and methods

underlying conceptions of the causal role of ideas and knowledge: the Epistemic Communities Hypothesis (ECH) (Haas 1992, 2001, 2004), the Advocacy Coalition Framework (ACF) (Sabatier 1993) and Discourse Coalitions (DC) approach (Hajer 1993). Alongside these, and as a counterpoint to ‘ideas-based’ approaches, Freeman’s model of BAL_03.indd 34 5/6/2010 9:48:16 AM Developing the approach: theory and methods 35 immigration politics in liberal democratic states becomes the fourth framework and operates as a kind of ‘null’ hypothesis. One other influential account in the

in Managing labour migration in Europe
Toward a dialogue with foreign policy analysis
Sebastian Harnisch

: introduces change of goals rather than instruments only Adler ( 1992 ); Haas ( 1992 ) introduce epistemic communities, allowing interactive learning processes which may also involve strategic use of epistemes by policy makers (Boswell 2009) Source: Author’s depiction. The assumption that learning is constituted by uncertainty of actors and their sociality in the learning process is widely shared in the PP literature, but the meaning and

in Foreign policy as public policy?

knowledge and epistemic communities (Adler and Bernstein 2005). Transborder problems are almost by definition more complex than problems delimited by a national frontier. If ‘silo thinking’ is still a dominating feature of national bureaucracies and of the way in which they perceive problems and solutions, international bureaucracies will have to transcend disciplinary boundaries and adopt holistic perspectives in order to cope with problems of global scope. As political, economic and cultural globalisation unfolds, the technical environment of international bureaucracies

in Unpacking international organisations
Abstract only

migration management had become established, the UK case showed how there is then space within this framework for debates for and against more expansive policies. The reframing of policy provides a new terrain for different networks, or advocacy coalitions, such as those associated with MigrationWatch or the IPPR to reposition and compete for control. BAL_08.indd 200 5/6/2010 9:48:36 AM Conclusions 201 In Spain, the role of an epistemic community was less important than the location of the policy subsystem in different ministries, and the coalescence of different

in Managing labour migration in Europe
Odeas, knowledge and policy change

policy process and policy change introduced in Chapter 3 to reconsider the role of ideas and knowledge in labour migration policy change in the UK and Spain. The theoretical frameworks The Epistemic Communities Hypothesis (ECH) The central hypothesis (hypothesis 1a) of the ECH, namely that consensual knowledge provided by epistemic communities provides a new ideational framework for policy-makers, was more supported by evidence from the UK than from Spain. Research conducted by the UK Prime Minister’s PIU and the subsequent recruitment of expertise represents an

in Managing labour migration in Europe
Abstract only

findings offer a deeper understanding of the links between those engaged in policymaking and the kinds of epistemic communities that produce usable knowledge. This is achieved by making more explicit the links between ideas and policy change and applying theoretical frameworks, which BAL_01.indd 1 5/6/2010 9:48:12 AM 2 Managing labour migration in Europe specify the relationship more clearly between ideas, actors and the policy process (Haas 1992; Hajer 1993; Sabatier 1993). The growing world of think tanks (Stone 2002a) and the widening of those involved in policy

in Managing labour migration in Europe
The institutional approach and the issue-based approach

-national similarity. The issue-based approach starts with the idea that the nature of an issue imposes constraints on policy options. From this follows 48 Global warming policy in Japan and Britain two distinctive arguments regarding politics and policy. First, rational policy-makers looking for the best strategy will make a similar policy choice. This tendency is reinforced by cross-national policy learning and emulation, as well as by the influence of an international epistemic community (see below) in disseminating certain professional policy ideas into domestic policy

in Global warming policy in Japan and Britain
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in ideational processes that occur in political parties, is more fluid than Finlayson implies. The process of developing a political programme in the coordinative sphere often puts the policy expert, the political activist, and the elected representative together in the same seminar room. Thus, the output of these interactions is a joint effort. The production of different types of discourses and ideas is carried out by a variety of actors:  first, the epistemic community of experts, public intellectuals, and party intellectuals who prioritise issues and policy

in The Labour Party under Ed Miliband