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In the story of post-Cold War conceptual confusion, the war in and over Kosovo stands out as a particularly interesting episode. This book provides new and stimulating perspectives on how Kosovo has shaped the new Europe. It breaks down traditional assumptions in the field of security studies by sidelining the theoretical worldview that underlies mainstream strategic thinking on recent events in Kosovo. The book offers a conceptual overview of the Kosovo debate, placing these events in the context of globalisation, European integration and the discourse of modernity and its aftermath. It then examines Kosovo's impact on the idea of war. One of the great paradoxes of the war in Kosovo was that it was not just one campaign but two: there was the ethnic cleansing campaign in Kosovo and the allied bombing campaign against targets in Kosovo and all over Serbia. Serbia's killing of Kosovo has set the parameters of the Balkanisation-integration nexus, offering 'Europe' (and the West in general) a unique opportunity to suggest itself as the strong centre that keeps the margins from running away. Next, it investigates 'Kosovo' as a product of the decay of modern institutions and discourses like sovereignty, statehood, the warring state or the United Nations system. 'Kosovo' has introduced new overtones into the European Weltanschauung and the ways in which 'Europe' asserts itself as an independent power discourse in a globalising world: increasingly diffident, looking for firm foundations in the conceptual void of the turn of the century.

Open Access (free)
A European fin de siècle
Sergei Medvedev

they were both manifestations of the same historical force, the same discourse of power. In Kosovo, it was principle exercised as power, and power disguised as principle. Kosovo between ethnic cleansing and allied bombing One of the great paradoxes of the war in Kosovo was that it was not just one campaign but two: there was the ethnic cleansing campaign in Kosovo and the allied

in Mapping European security after Kosovo
The aftermath
Lucy P. Chester

. By late October, the violence was dissipating relatively quickly, probably because most minorities had already fled. In other words, the fire had run out of fuel, because the ethnic cleansing campaigns on both sides of the new border had been remarkably effective. In 1950, Indian Punjab had a Muslim population of just over 1 per cent; Pakistani Punjab had a Hindu and Sikh population of less than 1 per

in Borders and conflict in South Asia
Stuart Kaufman

identifications are always to some extent arbitrary. Serbs and Croats, for example, share a language but count each other as enemies on religious and historical grounds. Abkhazians, in contrast, though divided religiously, make common cause against the linguistically different Georgians, and ally with Russia to do so even though Russia was the perpetrator of Abkhazia’s great historical tragedy, an ethnic cleansing campaign in the late nineteenth century. What matters is the degree to which ethnic or nationalist myths justify hostility against other groups. Nationalist Serbs

in Limiting institutions?
Open Access (free)
Virtuousness, virtuality and virtuosity in NATO’s representation of the Kosovo campaign
Andreas Behnke

re-establishment of order and security in Kosovo) as a ‘humanitarian effort’. NATO’s account of its post-bombing operations focuses on the efforts ‘to relieve the suffering of the many thousands of refugees forced to flee Kosovo by the Serbian ethnic cleansing campaign’. Moreover, NATO had ‘built refugee camps’, moved ‘hundreds of tons of humanitarian aid’, and coordinated ‘humanitarian aid

in Mapping European security after Kosovo
Abstract only
Ahmad H. Sa’di

were captured later. It also included Palestinians who simply were not present when the registration took place as well as Palestinian refugees who managed to return. This categorization allowed the state to expropriate their property, particularly their land, and prevented their return to their villages. In 1949, they numbered 81,000 (ibid.:896). Yet, despite the dramatic demographic transformation of Palestine as a result of the 1948 War, the remaining 156,000 Palestinians who eluded the ethnic cleansing campaign (Pappe, 2006) were viewed by Israeli leaders with

in Thorough surveillance
Haunted atmospherics in The Buried Giant
Kristian Shaw

's forces, the dragon is imprisoned and bewitched by Merlin in order to enforce a false peace on the nation and erase the memories of Arthur's ethnic cleansing campaign. It is, perhaps, understandable why Ishiguro has chosen King Arthur for his discussion of collective memory and national history. The mythical history of Arthur, a fabled leader who masterminded the defence of Britain against Saxon invaders in the late fifth and early sixth centuries, encapsulates the heart of what I term the ‘English sublime’: ‘a nationalist fable founded on a haunting

in Kazuo Ishiguro
Passing performances in captivity
Juliette Pattinson

violence perpetrated by soldiers continues to occur: the rape of Vietnamese women by American GIs was, according to one soldier, ‘an everyday affair; you can nail just about everybody on that – at least once’. 21 The rape of Bengali women by Pakistani soldiers in 1971 during the Bangladesh war of independence, the ethnic cleansing campaign embarked upon by Serbian and Croatian soldiers in ex-Yugoslavia which involved the rape of female Bosnian Muslims and the rape of Kuwaiti women by Iraqi troops in 1990 confirm Cynthia Enloe’s assertion that sexual violence during war

in Behind Enemy Lines
Security and defense realities of East-Central Europe
James W. Peterson
Jacek Lubecki

especially the case when the most substantial remaining national minority in the new communist Poland – Ukrainians living in the southeastern corner of the country – were either resettled and dispersed into the “recovered territories” or expelled to the Soviet Union. This happened mostly between 1945 and 1948 in the course of brutal and successful counter-insurgency/ethnic cleansing campaigns against Ukrainian armed resistance and

in Defense policies of East-Central European countries after 1989
Abstract only
Philip Hammond

ethnic cleansing increasingly murderous terror Campaign the Serb campaign of ethnic cleansing the Bosnian Serb campaign of ‘ethnic cleansingcampaigns of ‘ethnic cleansing’ the strategy of ‘ethnic cleansing’ cold-blooded ‘cleansing’ strategy carried out by the Serbs and latterly the Croats

in Framing post-Cold War conflicts