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A late eighteenth-century Dutch witch doctor and his clients
Willem de Blécourt

8 Beyond the witch trials ‘Evil people’ ‘Evil people’: a late eighteenth-century Dutch witch doctor and his clients Willem de Blécourt As a part of the increasing interest in ‘popular’ culture, historians have become more conscious of the presence of witchcraft after the witch trials. Most of the time their attention, however, is restricted to simply indicating witchcraft occurrences. For newcomers in the field a methodological trap also looms. The name of that trap is ‘superstition’ and its character is an often undeclared but determining element in the

in Beyond the witch trials
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Gender, sexuality and the representation of popular dance
Allison Abra

4 The dance evil: gender, sexuality and the representation of popular dance I n 1925, playwright J. Jefferson Farjeon wrote an article for the Dancing Times entitled ‘The Dance Evil’. Despite its suggestive title, Farjeon’s article was not an attack on dancing, but rather a lamentation over the way in which it was depicted on the stage. He argued that modern playwrights constantly vilified dancing in their work, although they themselves might not even be aware of it. The ‘attacks are subtle’, Farjeon wrote, ‘the war is below the surface. Though we have yet to

in Dancing in the English style
Rebecca Styler

Elizabeth Gaskell used Gothic as a symbolic language to explore the dark side of Unitarian thought. She explores, in rationalist terms, evils origins, effects, and remedy, using Gothic tropes as metaphors for humanly created misery. Gaskell locates the roots of ‘evil’ in an unenlightened social order – in ‘The Crooked Branch’ erroneous parenting, and in ‘The Poor Clare’ wider social structures, both distorted by the ideology of privilege. ‘The Poor Clare’ also engages with the tension between moral determinism and personal responsibility, and defends a Unitarian salvation. This tale also demonstrates Gaskell‘s views on aspects of Roman Catholicism.

Gothic Studies
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Jean-Claude Brisseau
David Vasse

14 Towers of evil: Jean-Claude Brisseau David Vasse When he officially began his filmmaking career, at the turn of the 1980s, JeanClaude Brisseau set out to film what he knew best: the housing projects of the Paris suburbs. A blighted world where under mottled skies lives are spent trying to break free from the law of the strongest; where relationships are power struggles meant to safeguard a territory and a place within it; where age-old forces and hierarchies create zones of intemperate violence at home and at work, with all exits barred and no possible

in Screening the Paris suburbs
Ecosystem health and the punk poetry of John Cooper Clarke
John Parham

6 ‘Flowers of evil’: ecosystem health and the punk poetry of John Cooper Clarke John Parham The ‘punk poetry’ of John Cooper Clarke displays a keen awareness of its environment. ‘The Day the World Stood Still’ freezes, for a day, a world of traffic noise, dirt, flies. The curiously named ‘I Travel in Biscuits’ opens with a bombardment of the dirge disharmonies of the city: the sound of the daylight the smell of the urine the rain on the drainpipes the filthy two-two time i should know better how an animal feels;1 Across his descriptions of these ‘garden[s] of

in Fight back
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Manchester Jewry and refugees, 1933–1937
Bill Williams

2 Speak no evil: Manchester Jewry and refugees, 1933–1937 Early in 1938 the Manchester Ladies Lodge of B’nai Brith, probably the most influential women’s organisation in Manchester’s Jewish community, persuaded the director of Manchester Central Library to stage a ‘Jewish Book Week’ on 4–9 April of that year.1 The prime mover was almost certainly Collette Hassan, president of the lodge and the wife of a Sephardi cotton merchant, Victor Hassan. It was Collette Hassan who became chairman of a Jewish Book Week Committee of thirty-four prominent members of the Jewish

in ‘Jews and other foreigners’
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A Critical Reassessment of Found Footage Horror
Xavier Aldana Reyes

The aim of this article is twofold. On the one hand, it offers a survey of found footage horror since the turn of the millennium that begins with The Blair Witch Project (1999) and ends with Devils Due (2014). It identifies notable thematic strands and common formal characteristics in order to show that there is some sense of coherence in the finished look and feel of the films generally discussed under this rubric. On the other hand, the article seeks to reassess the popular misunderstanding that found footage constitutes a distinctive subgenre by repositioning it as a framing technique with specific narrative and stylistic effects.

Gothic Studies
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Gothic Villains and Gaming Addictions
Bridget Marshall

Throughout the long eighteenth century, gambling was hugely popular in Britain, to the growing consternation of critics and lawmakers. This paper explores how Gothic novels portray gambling as not merely an idle pastime, but as an addictive and dangerous behaviour that leads the gambler down the road to villainy. Ann Radcliffe‘s The Mysteries of Udolpho (1794), William Godwin‘s St Leon (1799), Percy Shelley‘s St Irvyne (1811), and John Polidori‘s The Vampyre (1819) all feature villains who gamble. The Gothics portrayal of villainous and pathetic gamblers added to the widespread and growing public concern about gambling in Britain.

Gothic Studies
Family dynamics in the Pendle witch trials
Jonathan Lumby

, aligned himself with the Starkies in the public debate, championed the Puritan stance, and followed the line of John Darrell who was perhaps his role-model. It is natural to consider the sufferings of the victims of persecution. Yet when we view closely the lives of the persecutors we see within them also periods of anguish and wounding traumas, distorting experiences, which make us reflect on the tragedy more deeply. As W. H. Auden wrote: I and the public know What all schoolchildren learn, Those to whom evil is done

in The Lancashire witches
G. B. Kerferd
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library