Search results

Abstract only
Reconstruction and Soldier Settlement in the Empire Between the Wars

Research on soldier settlement has to be set within the wider history of emigration and immigration. This book examines two parallel but complementary themes: the settlement of British soldiers in the overseas or 'white' dominions, Australia, Canada, New Zealand and South Africa, between 1915 and 1930. One must place soldier settlement within the larger context of imperial migration prior to 1914 in order to elicit the changes in attitude and policy which occurred after the armistice. The book discusses the changes to Anglo-dominion relations that were consequent upon the incorporation of British ex-service personnel into several overseas soldier settlement programmes, and unravels the responses of the dominion governments to such programmes. For instance, Canadians and Australians complained about the number of ex-imperials who arrived physically unfit and unable to undertake employment of any kind. The First World War made the British government to commit itself to a free passage scheme for its ex-service personnel between 1914 and 1922. The efforts of men such as L. S. Amery who attempted to establish a landed imperial yeomanry overseas is described. Anglicisation was revived in South Africa after the second Anglo-Boer War, and politicisation of the country's soldier settlement was an integral part of the larger debate on British immigration to South Africa. The Australian experience of resettling ex-servicemen on the land after World War I came at a great social and financial cost, and New Zealand's disappointing results demonstrated the nation's vulnerability to outside economic factors.

Abstract only

within the larger context of imperial migration prior to 1914 in order to elicit the changes in attitude and policy which occurred after the armistice. Such an examination calls forth other questions which also must be addressed. We need, for example, to understand changes to Anglo-dominion relations that were consequent upon the incorporation of British ex-service personnel into a host of overseas

in Unfit for heroes
Abstract only
Foredoomed to failure?

C. J. Duder has ably demonstrated, between 650 and 700 soldier settlers, mostly ex-officers who became an integral part of the Kenyan colonial elite, invested in large-scale farming operations. But like their brother officers in the dominions, many abandoned or sold their properties preferring to speculate rather than settle. 2 Britain’s free passage scheme for ex-service personnel provides another

in Unfit for heroes
Abstract only
Empire migration and imperial harmony

and other interest groups at home and in the Empire, and aimed to form close contacts with dominion governments, not least by the appointment of its own British Migration Representative in Australia and in the dispatch of several missions of inquiry around the Empire. 16 Its first major responsibility was the launch in 1919 of the Imperial government’s plan for settling ex-service personnel and their

in Emigrants and empire
Scottish emigration in the twentieth century

World War the initiative shifted to Commonwealth governments, particularly in the Antipodes, which dictated the recruitment agendas and supplied most of the funding. The resurrection of free passages to ex-service personnel brought a trickle of Scots to Australia and New Zealand for a decade, 4 but better known and more popular was the reinstatement of civilian schemes, which

in Scotland, empire and decolonisation in the twentieth century

would oversee the renewed exodus. In April 1919 that committee – by then renamed the Oversea Settlement Committee (OSC) – was given a remit to devise and co-ordinate free passages and assisted emigration schemes for ex-service personnel and their dependents during a limited period, initially a year, beginning on 1 January 1920. In fact the scheme, introduced largely to appease veterans restive at unemployment and poor housing, lasted until March 1923 and assisted a total of 86,027 emigrants from 269,696 applicants. Free third

in Emigration from Scotland between the wars
Abstract only

pictures, also spans pre-war and post-war American naval films. The creation of this body of films by a contingent of filmmakers with links and affinities to naval services is unsurprising in context, and the naval film’s celebration of tradition is an equally predictable element in scripts produced under wartime conditions, for propagandist ends or by ex-service personnel. Yet the naval war film has re-emerged, alongside other examples of the war genre, as a popular form in American cinema (though not so in British filmmaking) in spite of the disappearance of this

in The naval war film

committees, each with a secretary. The committees covered services, education, organization, citizenship and Empire study. Each level of the Order also chose a standard bearer for official ceremonies. Before the Second World War the services committee was split into child and family welfare, war and postwar services, and ex-servicespersonnel. In the post-Second World War years the services committee dealing with war

in Female imperialism and national identity
Stories of nursing, gender, violence and mental illness in British asylums, 1914-30

, the prime objective appears to have been to protect men’s jobs and pay levels: equally, psychiatrists advocating female nurses were doubtless motivated in part by the attractions of a cheaper labour force, although a desire to improve the low status of psychiatry within the medical 133 Mental health nursing profession at large by refashioning asylums on the template of general hospitals was doubtless also a factor. The NAWU had sought to mobilise the support of ex-servicemen for its campaign. Ex-service personnel would, however, play a more multifaceted role as

in Mental health nursing

Settlement Act, enabled Scottish and Irish migrants from the north to avail 34 themselves of subsidised fares. Ex-service personnel, meanwhile, could travel to Australasia free of charge. Indeed, between 1923 and 1929 one third of 35 British emigrants to Canada and two-thirds to Australia received assistance. One of the most popular schemes operated between 1947 and 1975, allowing British migrants to travel to Australasia for £10. Regulations stipulated that migrants had to be single, under 35 years of age, and accept employ36 ment in certain occupations for two years

in Personal narratives of Irish and Scottish migration, 1921–65