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Medical culture and identity in provincial England, c.1760–1850
Author: Michael Brown

This book talks about late eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century English medical culture, a study of what it meant to be a doctor and how this changed over time. It presents a brief overview of the social, economic and cultural landscape of late eighteenth-century York. Medical culture and identity in late eighteenth-century York took shape within a social landscape shaped by the values of gentility, polite sociability and civic belonging. The book examines the role of intellectual liberality, demonstrating how public displays of polite and 'ornamental' learning were central to the performance of medico-gentility. It explores the incipient demise of this culture. Through a close reading of a scandal which enveloped the York Lunatic Asylum, it also explores the ways in which medical identities founded upon gentility and politeness were critically undermined by the political and social factionalism. The book looks at medical involvement in the provincial scientific movement, examining how local medical men positioned themselves relative to the so-called 'march of intellect', the cultural and ideological alignment between science and social reform. It continues this analysis in relation to the cholera epidemic of 1832 and other medico-political activities. The book considers how the professional dominion over healthcare was forged by the dual processes of inclusion and exclusion. It discusses the foundation of the Medical School in 1834 against the trial, in the same year, of a local salesman for James Morison's 'Universal Vegetable Medicine'.

Jenny Andersson

’, ‘security’ and ‘democracy’ influenced all planning. To realise these goals, social work and its experiences regarding exclusion processes would be brought into economic planning and the planning of production, work places and housing areas. In this way, all of society would be better adapted to the needs of those in the margins of society. 31 Thereby also, means such as social services and welfare would

in Between growth and security
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Seduction and subversion
Amparo Tarazona-Vento

convenience (Hubbard 1996 ), but also the grassroots contentious politics that oppose such elitist approaches to the governance of cities. As the literature demonstrates, urban policies based on the use of iconic megaprojects often fail to redress the poor employment, social and fiscal situations of cities and, moreover, exacerbate situated inequalities of wealth and income, socio-spatial polarisation and exclusion processes (Swyngedouw, Moulaert and Rodriguez, 2002 ; Watt, 2013 ; Tarazona Vento, 2017 ). Iconic megaprojects can, therefore, also tell us a great deal

in How the other half lives
Coercion, contestation and localised struggles
Christy Kulz, Kirsty Morrin, and Ruth McGinity

Exclusion Process: Inequality, Justice and the Business of Education . London : Communities Empowerment Network , (accessed 15 January 2016). Kulz , C

in Inside the English education lab
Robust but differentiated unequal European cities
Patrick Le Galès

exclusion processes, the filtering of the population and also elections, political parties, democratic participation innovation, active interest groups and others who play a key part in shaping the implementation of policies (Seller 2002; Heinelt and Kübler 2004). This conceptualisation is focused on conflict, conflict-solving capacities (including public policies), political mechanisms and most importantly on the ongoing redistributive role of the state, and the welfare state in particular. European cities were characterised by a mix of public services and private firms

in Western capitalism in transition
Developments and dynamics
Mariam Salehi

exclusion processes. How these global ideas are adopted and appropriated in different contexts, then, is an inherently political process, too. The chapter identified friction as a driver in internationalised processes of change – encounters that are ambiguous and can have either productive or disruptive effects. Friction, then, can occur between different actors and across different actor groups. It may change power structures, lead to new, contingent processes, and from there open new pathways in transitional justice. The chapter has provided the

in Transitional justice in process