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Challenges and opportunities

This book explores the evolving African security paradigm in light of the multitude of diverse threats facing the continent and the international community today and in the decades ahead. It challenges current thinking and traditional security constructs as woefully inadequate to meet the real security concerns and needs of African governments in a globalized world. The continent has becoming increasingly integrated into an international security architecture, whereby Africans are just as vulnerable to threats emanating from outside the continent as they are from home-grown ones. Thus, Africa and what happens there, matters more than ever. Through an in-depth examination and analysis of the continent’s most pressing traditional and non-traditional security challenges—from failing states and identity and resource conflict to terrorism, health, and the environment—it provides a solid intellectual foundation, as well as practical examples of the complexities of the modern African security environment. Not only does it assess current progress at the local, regional, and international level in meeting these challenges, it also explores new strategies and tools for more effectively engaging Africans and the global community through the human security approach.

Susanne Martin and Leonard Weinberg

operating in the twenty-first century. In failed or failing states, insurgent groups operate in the absence of a competing state authority. They may not have combatants or a state to target. Failed and failing states provide a type of safe haven for the strongest of the weak non-state actors. One problem, of course, is that the actors may not know in advance which of them is the strongest. Gathering this information requires armed confrontation, likely in the forms of terrorist attacks and guerrilla tactics. Expectation #4 – Armed groups will use terrorism toward the end

in The role of terrorism in twenty-first-century warfare
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The EU and the governance of European security
Emil Kirchner and James Sperling

incapable of removing the havens protecting those actors, particularly sovereign free territory in failed and failing states. For all the above reasons, it makes empirical sense to relax the homogeneity assumption. The contemporary security agenda: threat and response The long-lived distinctions between the ‘high’ and ‘low’ politics of international

in EU security governance
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Stephen Emerson and Hussein Solomon

), accessed at on February 28, 2017. aa Implications for security Both the process itself and the manifestation of the failed state phenomena in Africa have serious implications, not only for the future of statehood, but for the advancement of human security itself. For, as we have seen earlier, at the heart of our definition of human security is freedom from fear and freedom from want. However, if the state lacks the capacity to provide these things then security is severely compromised. Failed and failing states by

in African security in the twenty-first century
Josefina A. Echavarria

transnational terrorism along the following lines: Failed and failing states are states that due to severe challenges cannot monopolize the use of force vis-à-vis other non-state actors in society and are therefore incapable of fully projecting power within their national boundaries. … As a consequence, failed states

in In/security in Colombia