This book explores the evolving African security paradigm in light of the multitude of diverse threats facing the continent and the international community today and in the decades ahead. It challenges current thinking and traditional security constructs as woefully inadequate to meet the real security concerns and needs of African governments in a globalized world. The continent has becoming increasingly integrated into an international security architecture, whereby Africans are just as vulnerable to threats emanating from outside the continent as they are from home-grown ones. Thus, Africa and what happens there, matters more than ever. Through an in-depth examination and analysis of the continent’s most pressing traditional and non-traditional security challenges—from failing states and identity and resource conflict to terrorism, health, and the environment—it provides a solid intellectual foundation, as well as practical examples of the complexities of the modern African security environment. Not only does it assess current progress at the local, regional, and international level in meeting these challenges, it also explores new strategies and tools for more effectively engaging Africans and the global community through the human security approach.
operating in the twenty-first century.
In failed or failing states, insurgent groups operate in the absence of a
competing state authority. They may not have combatants or a state to target.
Failedandfailingstates provide a type of safe haven for the strongest of the
weak non-state actors. One problem, of course, is that the actors may not
know in advance which of them is the strongest. Gathering this information
requires armed confrontation, likely in the forms of terrorist attacks and guerrilla tactics.
Expectation #4 – Armed groups will use terrorism toward the end
incapable of removing the havens protecting those actors,
particularly sovereign free territory in failedandfailingstates. For
all the above reasons, it makes empirical sense to relax the homogeneity
The contemporary security
agenda: threat and response
The long-lived distinctions between
the ‘high’ and ‘low’ politics of international
transnational terrorism along the following
Failedandfailingstates are states that due
to severe challenges cannot monopolize the use of force
vis-à-vis other non-state actors in society and are
therefore incapable of fully projecting power within their
national boundaries. … As a consequence, failed states
accessed at http://allafrica.com/stories/201702130819.html on February 28, 2017.
Implications for security
Both the process itself and the manifestation of the failed state phenomena in Africa have serious implications, not only for the future of
statehood, but for the advancement of human security itself. For, as
we have seen earlier, at the heart of our definition of human security
is freedom from fear and freedom from want. However, if the state lacks
the capacity to provide these things then security is severely compromised. Failedandfailingstates by