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Authority and vision

John McGahern is one of those writers whose work continues to be appreciated across a range of readerships. As a writer who eschewed the notion of himself as 'artist' he addressed his task through a commitment to style, what he called the 'revelation of the personality through language'. McGahern's work began to receive critical attention only from when Denis Sampson's seminal study, Outstaring Nature's Eye: The Fiction of John McGahern was published in 1993. This book focuses on the physical landscape to show how the inadequacy of the State that emerged after 1922 is reflected in the characters' shifting relationship with the landscape, the connection has been made vulnerable through trauma and painful memory. It explores this sense of resentment and disillusionment in McGahern's novels, drawing parallels between the revolutionary memories and McGahern's own family experience. McGahern's All Over Ireland offers a number of fine stories, mostly set in Ireland, and dealing with distinctly Irish themes. He wrote a novel that is an example of openness, compassion and understanding for any form of strangeness. The vision of education and of the shaping of identity found in his writing is not an idiosyncratic one - it is consistent with much of the best thought within the tradition of liberal education. The book provides an intriguing comparison between McGahern and Flannery O'Connor, illustrating how diverse stories share an underlying current of brutality, demonstrating their respective authors' preoccupation with a human propensity towards evil.

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Irish families in the sociological imagination
Jane Gray, Ruth Geraghty, and David Ralph

qualitative data include in-depth interviews with children and parents, and ‘time capsules’ incorporating a range of items including drawings, writings and images. Together, these datasets allow us to track and compare the changing family experiences of people born before 1935, between 1945 and 1954, between 1965 and 1974, and those who were nine years old when interviewed, together with their parents, between 2007 and 2009 (see Figure i.1). Extracts from the two studies are presented throughout the book as evidence or examples of each topic under discussion. Data from the

in Family rhythms
Health and social welfare of disadvantaged families in Brighton and Hastings
Kim Aumann and Angie Hart

activities and information interfaces of Cupp at the University of Brighton facilitates communication between the dispersed membership and includes a Resilient Therapy Research Group. This research group provides a dissemination channel for seminars to provide a forum for critique and analysis of RT work. The CoP model brings together people who are eager to improve the health and well-being of children, young people and families experiencing tough times. It is coordinated and facilitated by a small development team of community members and academics remunerated for their

in Knowledge, democracy and action
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Željka Doljanin and Máire Doyle

between the introduction  5 revolutionary memories of McGahern’s protagonists and McGahern’s own family experience. These protagonists, in Amongst Women and That They May Face the Rising Sun, voice a generational anger and distrust of the new regime which, Foster suggests, reflects the resentment expressed in the literature of disillusionment of the 1920s and 1930s. Similarly touching on memory and the ways in which events are remembered, mythologised and commemorated, in his philosophical reading Ciaran Ross (Chapter 5) draws attention to the unresolved ethical

in John McGahern
Teresa Buczkowska and Bríd Ní Chonaill

victims of racism, but the officer said that ‘it is not racism because they are not black’ (Tadeusz). A similar story of refusal by the authorities to acknowledge the harassment and abuse as racially motivated was reported by a family of African origin. The family believed that they were being targeted because they were the only family in the estate of non-Irish background and they were also the only family experiencing the harassment. However, when they reported their case to the Gardaí, they were told that it is not racism ‘just harassment’ (Hope). Evident here is the

in Immigrants as outsiders in the two Irelands
Family dynamics in the Pendle witch trials
Jonathan Lumby

This chapter analyzes the network of relationships and motivations among the accusers and accused in the Pendle area, shedding light on the related trial of Jennet Preston of Gisburn. The chapter explores the question of what disposed gentry and magistrates in the Lancashire and Yorkshire borderland to promote the destruction of the Pendle witches in 1612. Two men of considerable standing in the society of those parts instigated the persecution: Roger Nowell and Thomas Lister. Close investigation reveals the interdependence of the two trials. The gentry accusers and magistrates in both cases were part of the same Protestant social network, and both had family experience of suffering at the alleged hands of witches. The families from the hill-country were crushed between the millstones of two different perceptions of the nature of witchcraft, millstones set on their dire motion by traumas in the families of the instigators. A whole web of connections, with many suggestions of family intrigue and manipulation is uncovered, bringing out an individual perspective on family breakdown, persecution and victimization.

in The Lancashire witches
Author: Lucy Bland

This book recounts the little-known history of the mixed-race children born to black American servicemen and white British women during the Second World War. Of the three million American soldiers stationed in Britain from 1942 to 1945, about 8 per cent (240,000) were African-American; the latter’s relationships with British women resulted in the birth of an estimated 2,000 babies. The African-American press named these children ‘brown babies’; the British called them ‘half-castes’. Black GIs, in this segregated army, were forbidden to marry their white girlfriends. Up to half of the mothers of these babies, faced with the stigma of illegitimacy and a mixed-race child, gave their children up for adoption. The outcome for these children tended to be long-term residency in children’s homes, sometimes followed by fostering and occasionally adoption, but adoption societies frequently would not take on ‘coloured’ children, who were thought to be ‘too hard to place’. There has been minimal study of these children and the difficulties they faced, such as racism in a (then) very white Britain, lack of family or a clear identity. Accessibly written and illustrated with numerous photographs, this book presents the stories of over forty of these children. While some of the accounts of early childhood are heart-breaking, there are also many uplifting narratives of finding American fathers and gaining a sense of self and of heritage.

Open Access (free)
Theatre and the politics of engagement
Author: Simon Parry

This book is about science in theatre and performance. It explores how theatre and performance engage with emerging scientific themes from artificial intelligence to genetics and climate change. The book covers a wide range of performance forms from the spectacle of the Paralympics Opening Ceremony to Broadway musicals, from experimental contemporary performance and opera to educational theatre, Somali poetic drama and grime videos. It features work by pioneering companies including Gob Squad, Headlong Theatre and Theatre of Debate as well as offering fresh analysis of global blockbusters such as Wicked and Urinetown. The book offers detailed description and analysis of theatre and performance practices as well as broader commentary on the politics of theatre as public engagement with science. It documents important examples of collaborative practice with extended discussion of the Theatre of Debate process developed by Y Touring theatre company, exploration of bilingual theatre-making in East London and an account of how grime MCs and dermatologists ended up making a film together in Birmingham. The interdisciplinary approach draws on contemporary research in theatre and performance studies in combination with key ideas from science studies. It shows how theatre can offer important perspectives on what the philosopher of science Isabelle Stengers has called ‘cosmopolitics’. The book argues that theatre can flatten knowledge hierarchies and hold together different ways of knowing.

Robert Poole

magistrates in both cases were part of the same Protestant social network, and both had family experience of suffering at the alleged hands of witches. The breakthrough in both cases came when Roger Nowell, the Pendle magistrate, extracted from the two child witnesses, James and Jennet Device, a string of allegations, and it was this evidence above all that hanged both Jennet Preston and the Lancashire witches. Young Jennet Device’s canny observation that the recently hanged Jennet Preston was missing from the ranks of the Lancashire accused provided one of the climactic

in The Lancashire witches
Felix M. Bivens

the Haiti ASB programme. The course also incorporates local outreach connections, linking pairs of students with families in local communities. The students make weekly visits to community partners to learn about lifestyles and living conditions in the areas beyond the university campus. The primary objectives of the course include: • build a relationship with, learn from and assist a community family; • experience life with residents of our larger community and the issues they face; • apply concepts learned in class to analyze the systemic societal factors that

in Knowledge, democracy and action