This text focuses on the far right in the Balkan region, i.e., in Croatia, Serbia, Montenegro, Macedonia, Albania, Bulgaria and Romania. The ideological features, strategy and tactics, internal organization, leadership and collaboration in far right parties are treated under the label "internal supply-side". The "external supply side", then, includes the analysis of political, social, economic, ethno-cultural and international variables. The final chapters deal with voters for the far right, legislative implementation and far right organizations. The analysis of the far right parties in Croatia, Serbia, Montenegro, Macedonia, Albania, Bulgaria and Romania shows the main factors important for the success of these parties in these countries are: charismatic leadership and strong party organization, the position and strategy of the mainstream parties, the state-building process, a strong national minority or diaspora abroad, electoral design and an international configuration.

Věra Stojarová

MUP FINAL PROOF – <STAGE>, 01/16/2014, SPi 3 Historical legacies of the Balkan Far Right This chapter looks at the Second World War predecessors of current formations on the Far Right and presents the overall context which existed during the 1980s and 1990s in the former Yugoslavia at the height of nationalism. The historical chapter is essential in understanding the overall context of nationalism in the Balkans and the rise of the Far Right formations. The Croatian Far Right The historical legacies of the Croatian Far Right date back to the nineteenth century

in The Far Right in the Balkans
Věra Stojarová

MUP FINAL PROOF – <STAGE>, 01/16/2014, SPi 8 Voters of the Far Right and legislative implementation in practice This chapter offers a comparison drawn between the typical Far Right voter living in the Balkans and his counterpart in Western Europe. The second part of the chapter examines hate speech laws (their integration into the legal system and enforcement), activities which promote and incite racial discrimination and other legal issues affecting Far Right parties in the region. Voters of the Far Right Voters in the third wave of Right-wing radicalism in

in The Far Right in the Balkans
Věra Stojarová

MUP FINAL PROOF – <STAGE>, 01/16/2014, SPi 4 An overview of Far Right political parties in the Balkan region and political party selection The aim of this chapter is to describe the overall Far Right scene in the region and indicate cases for further analysis. In order to be preselected for further investigation, the party must have been depicted by researchers as a Far Right party and must have gained at least one seat during parliamentary elections in the 2000–2010 period. The Far Right in Croatia In 1999, Ivan Grdešić noted that the presence of the Croatian

in The Far Right in the Balkans
Alison Phipps

Chapter 6 Feminists and the far right The ‘fascistic habit’ of white feminism can easily move from latent to overt. It is a short step from seeing more marginalised people as collateral, to positioning them as enemies when they thwart our will to power. Sara Ahmed has described how some feminists use ‘willfulness’ to support trans-exclusionary politics. They employ the figure of the ‘feminist killjoy’ to create the impression that trans-exclusionary feminism is a brave struggle against an oppressive majority. This is described as ‘willful feminism’, Ahmed

in Me, not you
Strategy, organization, role of paramilitaries and international cooperation
Věra Stojarová

MUP FINAL PROOF – <STAGE>, 01/16/2014, SPi 9 Internal supply side: strategy, organization, role of paramilitaries and international cooperation This chapter briefly outlines internal party factors – first, the strategies and tactics used by Far Right parties. The role of the mass media, demonstrations and language is explored to make a comparison with the situation in Western Europe (WE). The next section focuses on party organizational structure and its relationship to the way parties perform at the polls, the existence of paramilitary organizations tied to

in The Far Right in the Balkans
Věra Stojarová

MUP FINAL PROOF – <STAGE>, 01/16/2014, SPi 2 Terminology and conceptualization Political science offers no comprehensive theory which takes in all the phenomena of the Far Right. A great amount of scholarship has focused on the Far Right, with no consensus as to terminology or how the Far Right is to be conceptualized. This chapter is meant as an introduction to the literature on the Far Right aimed at choosing the terms and conceptualization to be employed throughout the book. Pavla Dočekalová has divided approaches to the study of the Far Right into five

in The Far Right in the Balkans
Brief presentation of political parties in terms of ideology
Věra Stojarová

MUP FINAL PROOF – <STAGE>, 01/16/2014, SPi 5 International supply side: brief presentation of political parties in terms of ideology In Western Europe (WE), some Far Right parties favour the abolition of affirmative action, see plebiscites and referenda as an important corrective to representative democracy, would like to lower taxes and favour abolition of subsidies for industry and agriculture, and cuts in areas of public sector spending. The point of all these demands is to radically reduce the scope of the state and thus to deprive established political

in The Far Right in the Balkans
Věra Stojarová

MUP FINAL PROOF – <STAGE>, 01/16/2014, SPi 7 External supply side: the roots of success and political opportunity structures in the less successful cases This chapter analyses the less successful cases. The first section focuses on countries where Far Right parties have steady but marginal representation in national parliaments – Croatia, Montenegro and Albania – with the second section devoted to Macedonia, where the Far Right is almost non-existent. Countries where Far Right parties have steady but marginal representation in national parliaments: Croatia

in The Far Right in the Balkans
Věra Stojarová

MUP FINAL PROOF – <STAGE>, 01/16/2014, SPi 6 External supply side: the roots of success and political opportunity structures in successful cases This chapter is devoted to variables which might potentially influence the success of Far Right political parties. After reviewing scholarship focused on the roots of success and political opportunity structures, we will closely explore the Serbian, Bulgarian and Romanian milieu and try to apply potential variables for these cases. Some scholars suspect the good fortune enjoyed by the parties has mostly resulted from a

in The Far Right in the Balkans