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Author: Helen Boak

The Weimar Republic, with it fourteen years of turbulent political, economic, social and cultural change, has attracted significant attention from historians primarily because they are seeking to explain the Nazis' accession to power in 1933. This book explores the opportunities and possibilities that the Weimar Republic offered women and presents a comprehensive survey of women in the economy, politics and society of the Weimar Republic. The Republic was a post-war society, and hence, the book offers an understanding of the significant impact that the First World War had on women and their roles in the Weimar Republic. The book also explores to what extent the Weimar Republic was 'an open space of multiple developmental opportunities' for women and considers the changes in women's roles, status and behavior during the Republic. It discusses women's participation in Weimar politics, as voters, elected representatives, members of political parties and targets of their propaganda, and as political activists outside the parliamentary arena. The book investigates the impact, if any, on women's employment of the two major economic crises of the Republic, the hyperinflation of 1922-23 and the Depression in the early 1930s. It describes the woman's role within the family, primarily as wife and mother, the impact of the changes in family and population policy and attitudes towards female sexuality. The Weimar Republic also witnessed significant changes in women's lives outside the home as they accessed the public realm to pursue a variety of interests.

The Gothic legacy of Shakespeare’s Wars of the Roses
Elisabeth Bronfen and Beate Neumeier

In one episode of Political Animals , Elaine Barrish (Sigourney Weaver), a divorced former First Lady, serving as Secretary of State, invokes a comparison to historical female politicians to explain her own will to power: ‘I took this job as secretary of state because I feel I can make a difference. Eleanor Roosevelt, Cleopatra, Elizabeth

in Gothic Renaissance
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A series of first female presidents from Commander in Chief to House of Cards
Elisabeth Bronfen

a political couple after the wide gap of time since they were divorced. A question of genre memory One year later, the first season of House of Cards will begin with its variation on the trials and tribulations of another presidential couple. As such, Political Animals marks the transition to a second wave of female politicians making their bid for the Oval Office in contemporary TV drama alongside Claire Underwood: Selina Meyer in Veep , Elizabeth Keane in Homeland , and the couple Mellie Grant and Olivia Pope in Scandal . As Chapter 4 will explore

in Serial Shakespeare
Michael Breen, Michael Courtney, Iain Mcmenamin, Eoin O’Malley, and Kevin Rafter

candidate was mentioned. It is commonly complained that the media discusses the appearance and family of female politicians, while coverage of male politicians is restricted to their political career. This can undermine the credibility of women as political actors. We measure each of these three biases at the level of individual candidates. These biases can impact on individual careers. However, they are also important at the aggregate level. If women candidates are under-represented, presented negatively, and their status as politicians is played down, all this feeds

in Resilient reporting
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Niilo Kauppi

presented by political circumstances explain the form the constitutional reforms took. In Chapters 5 and 6, I analysed the European Parliament elections of 1999 in Finland and France. Despite the limited political value of the European Parliament in the French and Finnish political fields and of legislative legitimacy in the European political field as a whole, the European Parliament has played a significant role in the structuration of the French and Finnish political fields. It has enabled dominated groups such as female politicians, regional politicians and political

in Democracy, social resources and political power in the European Union
David S. Moon

’s time as an MP (see Lovenduski, 2005). The emphasis upon her own ability was, in this sense, undoubtedly an appeal to ethos (linked to logos) as a worthy parliamentarian. Unsurprisingly, however, such displays were themselves turned against Castle by critics (even ostensibly friendly ones) through the invocation of the old misogynistic trope of the ‘nanny’ often wielded against female politicians (see Childs, 2008). This trope was easily married with that of the ‘fiery redhead’, already discussed, to portray her speaking style as that of the finger-wagging, hectoring

in Labour orators from Bevan to Miliband
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Helen Boak

exploring the role of female politicians in the national parliament, the Reichstag, women’s role in the German Social Democratic Party (Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands, SPD), the German Communist Party (Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands, KPD) and the pre-1933 Nazi movement, and the female vote, principally from the perspective of women’s electoral contribution to the rise of the Nazis. 28 It was to be the 1990s before historians began investigating the role of women in the other major parties, the liberal German Democratic Party (Deutsche Demokratische Partei

in Women in the Weimar Republic
Jack Holland

Veep ’s depiction of gender. They conclude that: … we question the value of Veep ’s approach for helping audiences visualize a female president. Though it is important to recognize that female politicians are not inherently superior to men, the popular feminism embraced by Veep representationally undercuts the value of female participation in politics before real women have even achieved equal representation. 67 For Laflen, Smith, and Bayer, therefore, the suturing of feminist and anti-feminist agendas is interesting but ultimately problematic, in part

in Fictional television and American Politics
Liberal women and regional perspectives
Megan Smitley

women’s rights in local politics included support for female politicians. In order to support the candidacy of female politicians, the SWLF regularly compiled lists of female councillors and school board members. In 1899, the SWLF asked secretaries in the local WLAs to supply the names and addresses of female parish councillors in their regions, and in the twentieth century the SWLF organised several ‘postcard campaigns’ whereby post cards were sent to local boards requesting that they be returned with information on female representatives in order to mobilise support

in The feminine public sphere
Janna Kraus

themselves at the tail-end of Europe’s path to gender equality. This becomes exceedingly clear in the job market. Swiss women are much more likely than most other European women to work part time, are in danger of losing their jobs as a result of motherhood, have to manage with the insufficient supply of childcare, and come in at the very end of the Glass Ceiling Index that measures the treatment of female workers, one place ahead of Turkey. 12 Several prominent female politicians have been the object of prolonged and intense surges of hatred, including threats of bodily

in The free speech wars