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Found Footage Cinema and the Horror of the Real

This article examines the post-millennial popularity of the found footage movie, in particular its engagement with the representational codes of non-fiction media. Whilst the majority of critical writings on found footage identify the 11 September attacks on the World Trade Centre as a key visual referent, they too often dwell on the literal re-enactment of the event. This article instead suggests that these films evoke fear by mimicking the aesthetic and formal properties of both mainstream news coverage and amateur recording. As such they create both ontological and epistemological confusion as to the reality of the events depicted. Rather than merely replicating the imagery of terror/ism, these films achieve their terrifying effects by mimicking the audiences media spectatorship of such crisis.

Gothic Studies
Embedded narrative and the treatment of boundaries in The Manuscript Found in Saragossa (1797-1815)

foundmanuscript is a standard Gothic motif in Radcliffe and Lewis, parodied by Jane Austen in Northanger Abbey. There is thus a definite structural connection between Potocki’s work and the English Gothic tradition between 1790 and 1820. Potocki seems to have come to the Gothic via his interest in orientalism. The biographical evidence concerning what Potocki had read is not conclusive but it is

in European Gothic
Vampirism, Victorianism and collage in Guy Maddin's Dracula – Pages from a Virgin's Diary

scenes. Dracula , the novel, famously lacks a single, let alone an omniscient narrator but is pieced together from diary entries, newspaper reports, letters and business receipts. It combines the traditional epistolary form and the gothic device of the found manuscript with modern mass media and state-of-the-art techniques of reproduction and communication such as Seward

in Monstrous media/spectral subjects
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Alan Moore’s Swamp Thing and radical ecology

use of different forms of writing, from letters and diary entries to the presentation of the narratives themselves as found manuscripts, framed by falsified editorial prefaces or notes on translation. Crucially, however, unlike the fake documents of the Gothic tradition, these were real. As a result, rather than serving to epiphemonalise the material world as a purely

in Alan Moore and the Gothic Tradition
An anatomy of Alan Moore’s doubling strategies

Resettlement Camp who served as an inspiration during his own incarceration. The story of Valerie’s life and death is delivered first to V and then to Evey in the form of a letter written on toilet paper and hidden in a hole in the wall of a prison cell. A reiteration of the found manuscript of early Gothic fiction, this missive instigates a double-doubling as Evey replicates V

in Alan Moore and the Gothic Tradition
Tortured Souls and Mister B. Gone’s new myths of the flesh

. Allegedly penned in 1438 and the first book to be produced by Gutenberg's press, Mister B. Gone presents itself as a forbidden found manuscript and confessional similar to the ones found in canonical gothic novels like Ann Radcliffe's Romance of the Forest (1791). It tells the morbid tale of one evil spirit, who dwells near the Ninth Circle of Hell, and his

in Clive Barker
Couperus and colonial Gothic

that? Not infrequently, access into the Gothic space is gained in the narrative by a piece of text looming up, a found manuscript or an enigmatic letter. The texts emerging from the depths of the Gothic story are, however, difficult to interpret because they are difficult to read, either literally or metaphorically speaking. The texts are already intermediate in themselves. In the literal case the

in Gothic kinship

. Jardine) two years later and in 1898 first serialised in Colliers Weekly (New York). The tale is framed by an unnamed narrator and a found manuscript, written by a former governess now dead. It recounts the story of a 20-year-old vicar’s daughter hired by a charismatic gentleman living in London to work as a governess in a country house and take care of his niece and nephew (Flora and Miles), in whom he shows

in Alejandro Amenábar