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Author: John Thieme

R. K. Narayan's reputation as one of the founding figures of Indian writing in English is re-examined in this comprehensive study of his fiction. Arguing against views that have seen Narayan as a chronicler of authentic ‘Indianness’, the book locates his fiction in terms of specific South Indian contexts, cultural geography and non-Indian intertexts. It draws on recent thinking about the ways places are constructed to demonstrate that Malgudi is always a fractured and transitional site – an interface between older conceptions and contemporary views which stress the inescapability of change in the face of modernity. Offering fresh insights into the influences that went into the making of Narayan's fiction, this is a wide-ranging guide to his novels to date.

Open Access (free)
Andrew Bowie

connected to a rejection of rationality. Instead, art and the understanding of art can enable what has been repressed by a limited conception of reason to be articulated. The awareness of the danger of such repression – which has, I believe, been one of the main sources of the appeal of post-structuralist critiques of ‘metaphysics’ that I discuss below and in coming chapters – is already apparent in the work of two of the founding figures of aesthetics: Alexander Baumgarten and J.G. Hamann. Baumgarten’s Aesthetica (Part 1 published in 1750, Part 2 in 1758: see Baumgarten

in Aesthetics and subjectivity
Prisoners of the past
Author: Richard Jobson

This book examines the impact that nostalgia has had on the Labour Party’s political development since 1951. In contrast to existing studies that have emphasised the role played by modernity, it argues that nostalgia has defined Labour’s identity and determined the party’s trajectory over time. It outlines how Labour, at both an elite and a grassroots level, has been and remains heavily influenced by a nostalgic commitment to an era of heroic male industrial working-class struggle. This commitment has hindered policy discussion, determined the form that the modernisation process has taken and shaped internal conflict and cohesion. More broadly, Labour’s emotional attachment to the past has made it difficult for the party to adjust to the socioeconomic changes that have taken place in Britain. In short, nostalgia has frequently left the party out of touch with the modern world. In this way, this book offers an assessment of Labour’s failures to adapt to the changing nature and demands of post-war Britain.

German investigations of Australian Aboriginal skeletal remains, c. 1860
Antje Kühnast

Aboriginal skulls. Becker's testimony quickly found its way into the hands of some of the founding figures of the German discipline of Anthropologie . During the following years, Alexander Ecker and Gustav Lucae used their compatriot's statements to varying degrees as reference for their own investigations of Australian Aboriginal skulls and bones. By then, Charles Darwin's theory of evolution was being debated in Germany's biological sciences, with the majority of

in Savage worlds
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Allison K. Deutermann and András Kiséry

historicist criticism tout court is simply untrue – a point new formalism’s proponents have been eager to make, and one which even enables some of them to claim the ‘founding figures of historicist critique’ (for example, Raymond Williams, Fredric Jameson) as the progenitors of their own movement. 10 Formal Matters is intended as an exploration of the emerging and potential links between the study of

in Formal matters
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Robert Shaughnessy

thought. This is Thursday; on Monday I had received the news of the passing, on 25 August, of John Russell Brown, a man who had, amongst a great deal else, been not only one of the founding figures of performance-centred Shakespeare studies but also, for me, a friend and mentor; the man who had written the reader’s report on my first Shakespeare-related book, who had continued to challenge, to cajole and

in As You Like It
Leif Eiriksson, the 1893 World’s Fair, and the Great Lakes landnám
Amy C. Mulligan

Norse experiences on an American landscape at the turn of the century also looked to the future. Just as Americans had worked their way across the frontier, the displays at the World’s Fair emphasised how the Norse too had moved across the oceanic frontier. This primed a reading of Norse-Americans, those of Scandinavian descent, as founding figures – seafaring, brave, migratory people, bold travellers – who modelled the virtues of a newly developing American sense of identity. Figure 6.3 The stave church on the fairgrounds at the 1893 World’s Columbian

in From Iceland to the Americas
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Amy C. Mulligan

know geographic coordinates and sometimes possess detailed maps and archeological reports to help us visualize the physical contours. We can often track references to the mythic and historical personages and founding figures that the sources tell us first settled them; the kings, queens and political leaders who ruled from them; and the kin-groups who occupied them, altered their contours and fought to maintain control over them. Legal texts, annals and hagiographic writings tell us about the communities who

in A landscape of words
Ian Goodyer

bands, occupied a social position that does not coincide with the ‘punk-as-proletarian’ stereotype.20 Indeed, the presence of so many aspiring entrepreneurs among punk’s ranks may help to explain why anarchism, a quintessentially petit-bourgeois political creed, gained such a high profile in the movement’s early days, particularly among its London-based avant-garde.21 Despite the hotly contested claims that punk drew inspiration from the politics of the Situationist International, the nakedly commercial ambitions of some of the genre’s founding figures, Malcolm

in Crisis music
Marx and modern social theory
Alex Dennis

Introduction Marx, for many sociologists, is a liminal thinker. He is seen to stand between the bogeys of political economy and idealist philosophy on one side and the realm of mature social science on the other. His work is not naïve enough to be that of a mere ancestor, like Hobbes or Comte, but he lacks the sophistication of the other founding figures, Durkheim and Weber. Either he is a (rather too philosophical) critic of, and contributor to, modern economic thought or he is a Hegelian throwback, trying to shore up the ‘science’ of dialectics

in Human agents and social structures