R. K. Narayan's reputation as one of the founding figures of Indian writing in English is re-examined in this comprehensive study of his fiction. Arguing against views that have seen Narayan as a chronicler of authentic ‘Indianness’, the book locates his fiction in terms of specific South Indian contexts, cultural geography and non-Indian intertexts. It draws on recent thinking about the ways places are constructed to demonstrate that Malgudi is always a fractured and transitional site – an interface between older conceptions and contemporary views which stress the inescapability of change in the face of modernity. Offering fresh insights into the influences that went into the making of Narayan's fiction, this is a wide-ranging guide to his novels to date.
connected to a rejection of rationality. Instead, art and the understanding of art can enable what has been repressed by a limited conception of
reason to be articulated. The awareness of the danger of such repression –
which has, I believe, been one of the main sources of the appeal of post-structuralist critiques of ‘metaphysics’ that I discuss below and in coming chapters
– is already apparent in the work of two of the foundingﬁgures of aesthetics:
Alexander Baumgarten and J.G. Hamann.
Baumgarten’s Aesthetica (Part 1 published in 1750, Part 2 in 1758: see
This book examines the impact that nostalgia has had on the Labour Party’s political development since 1951. In contrast to existing studies that have emphasised the role played by modernity, it argues that nostalgia has defined Labour’s identity and determined the party’s trajectory over time. It outlines how Labour, at both an elite and a grassroots level, has been and remains heavily influenced by a nostalgic commitment to an era of heroic male industrial working-class struggle. This commitment has hindered policy discussion, determined the form that the modernisation process has taken and shaped internal conflict and cohesion. More broadly, Labour’s emotional attachment to the past has made it difficult for the party to adjust to the socioeconomic changes that have taken place in Britain. In short, nostalgia has frequently left the party out of touch with the modern world. In this way, this book offers an assessment of Labour’s failures to adapt to the changing nature and demands of post-war Britain.
German investigations of Australian Aboriginal skeletal remains, c. 1860
Aboriginal skulls. Becker's testimony quickly found its way into the hands
of some of the foundingfigures of the German discipline of Anthropologie .
During the following years, Alexander Ecker and Gustav Lucae used their
compatriot's statements to varying degrees as reference for their own
investigations of Australian Aboriginal skulls and bones.
By then, Charles Darwin's theory of evolution was being debated in
Germany's biological sciences, with the majority of
historicist criticism tout court is simply untrue – a
point new formalism’s proponents have been eager to make, and one
which even enables some of them to claim the ‘foundingfigures of
historicist critique’ (for example, Raymond Williams, Fredric
Jameson) as the progenitors of their own movement. 10
Formal Matters is intended as an exploration of the
emerging and potential links between the study of
thought. This is Thursday; on Monday I had received the news of
the passing, on 25 August, of John Russell Brown, a man who had, amongst
a great deal else, been not only one of the foundingfigures of
performance-centred Shakespeare studies but also, for me, a friend and
mentor; the man who had written the reader’s report on my first
Shakespeare-related book, who had continued to challenge, to cajole and
Leif Eiriksson, the 1893 World’s Fair, and the Great Lakes landnám
Amy C. Mulligan
Norse experiences on an American landscape at the turn of the century also looked to the future. Just as Americans had worked their way across the frontier, the displays at the World’s Fair emphasised how the Norse too had moved across the oceanic frontier. This primed a reading of Norse-Americans, those of Scandinavian descent, as foundingfigures – seafaring, brave, migratory people, bold travellers – who modelled the virtues of a newly developing American sense of identity.
Figure 6.3 The stave church on the fairgrounds at the 1893 World’s Columbian
know geographic coordinates and sometimes possess detailed maps and archeological
reports to help us visualize the physical contours. We can often track references to the
mythic and historical personages and foundingfigures that the sources tell us first
settled them; the kings, queens and political leaders who ruled from them; and the
kin-groups who occupied them, altered their contours and fought to maintain control over
them. Legal texts, annals and hagiographic writings tell us about the communities who
bands, occupied a social position that does not coincide
with the ‘punk-as-proletarian’ stereotype.20 Indeed, the presence of
so many aspiring entrepreneurs among punk’s ranks may help to
explain why anarchism, a quintessentially petit-bourgeois political
creed, gained such a high profile in the movement’s early days, particularly among its London-based avant-garde.21 Despite the hotly contested
claims that punk drew inspiration from the politics of the Situationist
International, the nakedly commercial ambitions of some of the
genre’s foundingfigures, Malcolm
Marx, for many sociologists, is a liminal thinker. He is seen to stand between the bogeys of political economy and idealist philosophy on one side and the realm of mature social science on the other. His work is not naïve enough to be that of a mere ancestor, like Hobbes or Comte, but he lacks the sophistication of the other foundingfigures, Durkheim and Weber. Either he is a (rather too philosophical) critic of, and contributor to, modern economic thought or he is a Hegelian throwback, trying to shore up the ‘science’ of dialectics