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Making race, class and inequalityin the neoliberal academy
Author: Christy Kulz

Over half of England's secondary schools are now academies. The social and cultural outcomes prompted by this neoliberal educational model has received less scrutiny. This book draws on original research based at Dreamfields Academy, to show how the accelerated marketization and centralization of education is reproducing raced, classed and gendered inequalities. Urbanderry is a socially and economically mixed borough where poverty and gentrification coexist. The book sketches out the key features of Dreamfields' ethos before reflecting on the historical trajectories that underpin how education, urban space and formations of race, class and gender are discussed in the present. Academies have faced opposition for their lack of democratic accountability as they can set their own labour conditions, deviate from the national curriculum and operate outside local authority control. The book examines the complex stories underlying Dreamfields' glossy veneer of success and shows how students, teachers and parents navigate the everyday demands of Dreamfields' results-driven conveyor belt. It also examines how hierarchies are being reformulated. The book interrogates the social and cultural dimensions of this gift that seeks to graft more 'suitable' forms of capital onto its students. The focus is on the conditions underlying this gift's exchange with children, parents and teachers, remaining conscious of how value is generated from the power, perspective and relationships that create the initial conditions of possibility for exchange. Dreamfields acts as a symbolic and material response to the supposed failures of comprehensive education and public anxieties over the loss of nationhood and prestige of empire.

The Aid Industry and the ‘Me Too’ Movement
Charlotte Lydia Riley

In 2018, the global #MeToo movement turned its attention to the aid industry, after scandals at Oxfam and Save the Children highlighted the sexual harassment, abuse and assault prevalent in the sector. This article explores #MeToo in the context of the aid industry (informally known by many participants as #AidToo), particularly within a British context. The article argues that the aid industry exists in a historical, social and political space that is particularly volatile. The abusive behaviour of men in the sector is shaped and enabled by race, class and gender inequalities, which undermine many of the stated aims of international aid programmes. The humanitarian and development aid sector will not eradicate this behaviour until it recognises how it is enabled and encouraged by these inequalities. The article argues that the aid sector needs to develop an ethical code of conduct around sexual relationships, harassment and abuse that recognises power inequalities within the sector and seeks to protect vulnerable individuals.

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Gender Equality and Culture in Humanitarian Action1
Ricardo Fal-Dutra Santos

), ‘patriarchy’ refers to a system of power relations based on gender norms, and which perpetuates the privileging of hegemonic masculinities, heteronormativity, cisgender-normativity and normative endosex bodies. Patriarchy is the foundation of gender inequalities, understood as the inequalities rooted in people’s sexual orientation, gender identity and expression, and sex characteristics (SOGIESC) and sex – and/or ‘the degree to which they conform with gender norms and the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Negotiating gender identities after the Good Friday Agreement
Theresa O’Keefe

because, as they point out, it is naturalised to such a degree from the early stages of life that it becomes seen as something ordinary, unremarkable, accepted even. This, to be sure, has implications for the ways in which women perceive gender inequality as an issue in their lives, and in Northern Irish society in general, as the next section explains

in Everyday life after the Irish conflict
Jonathan Moss

inequalities that working-class women were likely to experience in the workplace. At the same time, there was a growing commitment from policy makers and the main political parties to understanding and addressing gender inequality as a political issue. This chapter argues that the growing politicisation of gender inequality in the workplace was part of a broader transition in public understandings of gender roles taking place in post-war Britain. Lynn Abrams shows how women born in the 1940s grew up with different expectations to their mothers, whilst Helen McCarthy argues

in Women, workplace protest and political identity in England, 1968-85
Abstract only
Brad Beaven

of class, gender and generation all had significant roles in shaping working people’s experience of life, labour and leisure. When we compare the free time of women and men, there can be little doubt that working-class men were the chief beneficiaries of the increased leisure opportunities and surplus incomes in working-class families of the late nineteenth century. The era of mass commercial leisure compounded gender inequalities and set the tone for the twentieth century. Until the Second World War, working-class womens’ experience of mass leisure was severely

in Leisure, citizenship and working-class men in Britain, 1850–1945
Abstract only
An action-fuelled filmic decade?
Ben Lamb

engage in debates surrounding class and gender inequality in light of second-wave feminism and the fracturing postwar settlement. The chapter will inspect how each series negotiated a changing public and political attitude towards crime that was increasingly sympathetic to the rational-actor model of thinking. Production context The Sweeney and

in You’re nicked
Tony Dundon, Miguel Martinez Lucio, Emma Hughes, Debra Howcroft, Arjan Keizer, and Roger Walden

relation to the subject of equality (or rather institutional and structured inequality and institutional responses to it) and related issues in employment, looking in particular at labour migration and gender inequality in relation to worker influence, outlining some of the complex and contradictory developments of recent changes in the role of the state. The chapter applies a WES perspective to widen our view of how the body of worker rights has shifted and contributed to the challenges and changes in the forms of worker voice. It recognises the fundamental

in Power, politics and influence at work
Fidelma Ashe

mainstream, or ‘malestream’, scholarship in Northern Ireland has sidelined issues of gender inequality and gender power. This ‘patriarchal monologue’ on Northern Irish politics has been challenged by feminist writers and activists. Feminists have engaged in groundbreaking studies that have made the category of gender power visible in Northern Irish society and have succeeded in pushing issues of gender on to the political and intellectual agenda in the region. The recent acknowledgement of the category of gender in research on Northern Ireland politics is reflected in the

in Northern Ireland after the troubles
Michael Rush

, created new gender inequalities between young men and women and Japan and China 105 between young husbands and wives (Fincher, 2014; Lovell, 2014:6). The chapter illustrates that, in both countries, the elevated status of marriage diminished the autonomy of young people, especially young educated women who chose not to reproduce or to postpone reproduction (Schoppa, 2009:431; To, 2013:1). On the other hand, the chapter illustrates that gender equality and the decline of patriarchy are the main drivers in new ways of thinking about fatherhood, rather than child

in Between two worlds of father politics