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Author: Daniel Birkholz

This study brings emergent methodologies of literary geography to bear upon the unique contents—or more to the point, the moving, artful, frequently audacious contents—of a codex known as London, British Library MS Harley 2253. The Harley manuscript was produced in provincial Herefordshire, in England’s Welsh Marches, by a scribe whose literary generation was wiped out in the Black Death of 1348–1351. It contains a diverse set of writings: love-lyrics and devotional texts, political songs and fabliaux, saints’ lives, courtesy literature, bible narratives, travelogues, and more. These works alternate between languages (Middle English, Anglo-Norman, and Latin), but have been placed in mutually illuminating conversation. Following an Introduction that explores how this fragmentary miscellany keeps being sutured into ‘whole’-ness by commentary upon it, individual chapters examine different genres, topics, and social groupings. Readers from literary history, medieval studies, cultural geography, gender studies, Jewish studies, book history, and more, will profit from the encounter.

Harley 2253 is famous as medieval books go, thanks to its celebrated roster of lyrics, fabliaux, and political songs, and owing to the scarcity of material extant from this ‘in-between’ period in insular literary history. England’s post-Conquest/pre-plague era remains dimly known. Despite such potential, there has never been a monograph published on Harley 2253. Harley Manuscript Geographies orients readers to this compelling material by describing the phenomenon of the medieval miscellany in textual and codicological terms. But another task it performs is to lay out grounds for approaching this compilation via the interpretive lens that cultural geography provides.

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Describing and defending place for a living (or the renaissance of 100–mile geographers)
Briony Penn

4 Guerrilla geography: describing and defending place for a living (or the ­renaissance of 100–mile geographers) Briony Penn I n 1969, the bicentenary of the geographer and naturalist Alexander von Humboldt slipped by largely unnoticed in North America. Given his contributions to the study of the earth, it was a surprising descent into relative obscurity. A medical researcher writing in to the Journal of the American Medical Association had expressed his dismay that Humboldt was ‘no longer accorded the recognition he enjoyed during his lifetime’ (Frankel, 1964

in University engagement and environmental sustainability
Open Access (free)
The cartographic consciousness of Irish gothic fiction
Christina Morin

3 Gothic geographies: the cartographic consciousness of Irish gothic fiction Theodore Melville's The White Knight, or the monastery of Morne (1802) provides both a useful instance of the convergence of regional, national, and gothic literary forms considered in Chapter 2 and a helpful starting point with which to discuss the geographic settings of Romantic-era Irish gothic literature. Published just two years after Castle Rackrent (1800), The White Knight presents itself as a quasi-historical account of Irish antiquity and is set

in The gothic novel in Ireland, c. 1760–1829
The fabrication of an immobile culture of nineteenth- century exploration
Natalie Cox

Of all the sciences, geography finds its origin in action. 1 In the nineteenth century, geographical knowledge-making came to be increasingly defined by large-scale movements of exploration: the practical act of moving across unknown and distant spaces. The ‘explorer’ emerged as the missionary of this purportedly robust and manly science, travelling to extend the frontiers of European knowledge. As the century progressed, the ‘unexplored’ spaces on maps were rapidly colonised with the lines of expeditionary routes taken and the names of the explorers

in Empire and mobility in the long nineteenth century
Open Access (free)
Women and public transport
Masha Belenky

the presence of women in public space. Priscilla Ferguson’s notion of a ‘moral geography’ that connects urban mobility and transgression, a term she introduces to analyse Zola’s La Curée , helps us understand how omnibus literature addressed women’s participation in modern urban life. 8 In the context of this literature, ‘moral geography’ describes how cultural production of the time conceived of the omnibus as a space of female sexual transgression, even if women’s presence on public transport was endorsed in practice. Scholarly debates about the place of women

in Engine of modernity
David E. Omissi

Geography defines the limits of the possible. Geographical structures underlie many of the enduring patterns of military activity – the traditional routes of invasion, the length of the campaigning season and the siting of defensive works which were often built and rebuilt over a period of centuries on the same commanding ground. The favoured tactical methods of any pre

in Air power and colonial control
Membership, reciprocity and integration
Martin Gorsky, John Mohan, and Tim Willis

Chapter 4 The geography of hospital contributory schemes: membership, reciprocity and integration If mass contribution was to save the voluntary system, as its advocates had hoped, then a key question was whether it could do so everywhere, or whether it would simply reinforce variations in the resources available to the hospitals. And in an era when the populace was becoming accustomed to the ‘hospital habit’, to what extent did membership of a scheme ensure that contributors could obtain treatment without having to undergo enquiries as to their means at all

in Mutualism and health care
William H. Schneider

focus of groups in the home country with interests in the overseas lands: the geographical societies that sponsored the explorers. 3 To the extent that geographical societies have received mention in histories of nineteenth-century imperialism, they have usually been treated marginally. The explorations they sponsored and awards they gave are typically credited with having whetted the public appetite for

in Imperialism and the natural world
Paul Routledge and Andrew Cumbers

5217P GLOBAL JUSTICE-PT/lb.qxd 13/1/09 19:59 Page 196 8 Geographies of transnational solidarity Solidarity is not a matter of altruism. Solidarity comes from the inability to tolerate the affront to our own integrity of passive or active collaboration in the oppression of others, and from the deep recognition of our most expansive self-interest. From the recognition that, like it or not, our liberation is bound up with that of every other being on the planet, and that politically, spiritually, in our heart of hearts we know anything else is unaffordable

in Global justice networks
William J. Smyth

5 • Towards a cultural geography of the 1641 rising/rebellion william j. smyth It is now agreed that the ‘1641 depositions’ comprise a conflation of documents, containing confusing and often contradictory statements of evidence. Even more problematical, these depositions have generated passionate controversies down the centuries and still constitute contested terrain.1 This chapter seeks to illustrate the role that cartography and geography can play in understanding and contextualising the 1641 rising/rebellion. In addition, the insights and advantages to be

in Ireland, 1641