The geopolitics of the
Enterprise of Scotland
In February 1707 Louis XIV declared that he was ‘so moved by the imminent
threat to the freedom of Scotland under the false pretence of a closer union
with England that he is resolved to give the Scots, his old allies, what help he
can to aid them in resisting the yoke of servitude their secret enemies have
prepared for them’.1 And in a sense this was truly Louis’s motive in ordering
the invasion of Scotland. Rhetoric mattered in early modern Europe, and
perhaps above all for monarchs. None the less it
The geopolitics of
Central Asian energy
This chapter assesses the rising geostrategic and geoeconomic importance of
Central Asian oil and natural gas for China and the United States – the most
transparent source of Sino-American conflict in this region. The initial
rationale for Chinese engagement in Central Asia, despite the emergence of
China as a net oil-importing nation in 1993, was not driven by the search for
an alternative and secure source of oil and natural gas.1 Rather, Chinese
policy reflected a
), The Modern/Colonial/Capitalist
World-System in the Twentieth Century: Global Processes, Antisystemic Movements, and the
Geopolitics of Knowledge ( Westport, CT :
Praeger Publishers ), pp.
xi – xxix .
Ndlovu-Gatsheni , S.
J. ( 2012 ),
‘ Coloniality of Power in Development Studies and the Impact of Global
Imperial Designs on Africa ’, Australasian Review of African
Studies , 33 : 2 ,
48 – 73 .
Ndlovu-Gatsheni , S.
J. ( 2018 ),
‘ Racism and Blackism on a World Scale ’, in
Batman Saves the Congo: How Celebrities Disrupt the Politics of
Alexandra Cosima Budabin
Lisa Ann Richey
historical, geographical and cultural context. And overall, rather than disrupting
existing relations of dominance and inequality, aid works to consolidate and
reproduce them. In Batman’s attempts to save the Congo we can very clearly
see the relevance of work in political geography. This includes the role of
‘hotel geopolitics’ ( Fregonese and
Ramadan, 2015 ), where existing international tourist and transport
infrastructures alongside unequal mobility regimes shape the
Korea and various other countries today use ‘Westphalian diplomacy’ and the
‘geopolitics of nations’ – European inventions – to question the
hierarchy of this European system led by the US.
From our point of view, it was exactly this convergence and normative homogenisation in the
inter-state system, on the one hand, and the increasing power of states that question American
exceptionality and centrality using rules authored by the US itself, on the other, that began to
threaten the global power of the US. This obliged the US to make an
Staff Security and Civilian Protection in the Humanitarian
geopolitics. In other words, even if
humanitarian agencies themselves value all lives equally, their actions are
shaped by a world which does not.
Greater obligations and opportunities with respect to staff security as compared
with the wider civilian population may explain the harder security measures and
more frequent advocacy on behalf of aid workers, but analysis of policy guidance
German Responses to the June 2019 Mission of the Sea-Watch 3
Claußen , S. ( 2015 ), Die Seenotretter: 150 Jahre DGzRS ( Erfurt : Sutton Verlag ).
Cuttitta , P. ( 2018 ),
‘Repoliticization through Search and Rescue? Humanitarian NGOs and Migration Management in the Central Mediterranean ’, Geopolitics , 23 : 3 , 632 – 60 .
del Valle , H. ( 2016 ), ‘ Search and Rescue in the Mediterranean Sea: Negotiating Political Differences ’, Refugee Survey Quarterly , 35 : 2 , 22 – 40 .
Di Cesare , D. ( 2019 ), ‘ Eine Antigone unserer Zeit ’, Zeit
4 July , www.zeit.de/2019/28/carola
In 2020 the convergence of Brexit, COVID-19 and the ‘migrant crisis’ put Kent in the headlines as never before: images of refugees on beaches, lorries queued on the county’s motorways and the white cliffs of Dover crumbling into the sea were all used to support claims that severing ties with the EU was the best – or worst – thing the UK had ever done. In this coastal driftwork, Phil Hubbard considers the past, present and future of this corner of England, alighting on the key sites which symbolise the changing relationship between the UK and its continental neighbours. Moving from the geopolitics of the Channel Tunnel to the cultivation of oysters at Whitstable, from Derek Jarman’s celebrated garden at Dungeness to the art-fuelled gentrification of Margate, Borderland bridges geography, history and cultural studies to show how ideas of national identity and belonging take shape at the coast. In doing so, the author argues that the ongoing crises of global displacement, climate change and ecological disaster require an expansive geographical imagination, with the current fixation on the sovereignty of our national borders appearing increasingly futile at a time of rapid global change.
Migration, understood as the movement of people and cultures, gives impetus to globalisation and the transculturation processes that the interaction between people and cultures entails. This book addresses migration as a profoundly transforming force that has remodelled artistic and art institutional practices across the world. It explores contemporary art's critical engagement with migration and globalisation as a key source for improving our understanding of how these processes transform identities, cultures, institutions and geopolitics. The book also explores three interwoven issues of enduring interest: identity and belonging, institutional visibility and recognition of migrant artists, and the interrelations between aesthetics and politics, and its representations of forced migration. Transculturality indicates a certain quality (of an idea, an object, a self-perception or way of living) which joins a variety of elements indistinguishable as separate sources. The topic of migration is permeated not only with political but also with ethical urgencies. The most telling sign of how profoundly the mobility turn has affected the visual arts is perhaps the spread of the term global art in the discourses on art, where it is often used as a synonym for internationally circulating contemporary art. The book examines interventions by three artists who take a critical de- and postcolonial approach to the institutional structures and spaces of Western museums. The book also looks at the politics of representation, and particularly the question of how aesthetics, politics and ethics can be triangulated and balanced when artists seek to make visible the conditions of irregular migration.
The changing view of Germany in Anglo-American geopolitics
) presented Haushofer as the educator and planner who had produced the German plan for world conquest, under the influence of Nietzsche, Clausewitz, Moltke, Scharnhorst and Bismarck. Through Hess, Haushofer is seen advising the Nazis on their next target for conquest.
The role of Haushofer in shaping German grand strategy has long been a question of debate, but his influence as a foil for Anglo-American assessments of German geopolitics cannot be doubted. In the US, a diverse range of academics treated Haushofer and the Munich-based Institut für Geopolitik as the