Daniel Szechi

Chapter 5 . The geopolitics of the Enterprise of Scotland In February 1707 Louis XIV declared that he was ‘so moved by the imminent threat to the freedom of Scotland under the false pretence of a closer union with England that he is resolved to give the Scots, his old allies, what help he can to aid them in resisting the yoke of servitude their secret enemies have prepared for them’.1 And in a sense this was truly Louis’s motive in ordering the invasion of Scotland. Rhetoric mattered in early modern Europe, and perhaps above all for monarchs. None the less it

in Britain’s lost revolution?
Jaewoo Choo

2504Chap6 7/4/03 12:40 pm Page 105 6 The geopolitics of Central Asian energy Jaewoo Choo This chapter assesses the rising geostrategic and geoeconomic importance of Central Asian oil and natural gas for China and the United States – the most transparent source of Sino-American conflict in this region. The initial rationale for Chinese engagement in Central Asia, despite the emergence of China as a net oil-importing nation in 1993, was not driven by the search for an alternative and secure source of oil and natural gas.1 Rather, Chinese policy reflected a

in Limiting institutions?
Olivia Umurerwa Rutazibwa

Geopolitics of Knowledge ( Westport, CT : Praeger Publishers ), pp. xi – xxix . Ndlovu-Gatsheni , S. J. ( 2012 ), ‘ Coloniality of Power in Development Studies and the Impact of Global Imperial Designs on Africa ’, Australasian Review of African Studies , 33 : 2 , 48 – 73 . Ndlovu-Gatsheni , S. J. ( 2018 ), ‘ Racism and Blackism on a World Scale ’, in Rutazibwa , O. U. and Shilliam , R. (eds), Routledge Handbook of Postcolonial Politics ( London : Routledge ), pp. 72 – 86

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
José Luís Fiori

institutions of the post-war liberal order. But, at the same time, the expansion of American power was itself decisive in the (military) resurgence of Russia and the economic growth of China – two powers that began to use the very rules and institutions of liberal order to challenge American hegemony and destabilise the notion of unipolarity. And Iran, Turkey, North Korea and various other countries today use ‘Westphalian diplomacy’ and the ‘geopolitics of nations’ – European inventions – to question the hierarchy of this European system led by the US. From

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Staff Security and Civilian Protection in the Humanitarian Sector
Miriam Bradley

more international attention and pressure on the perpetrators of violence than public criticism in response to attacks on other civilians. To the extent that differences in political constraints and opportunities account for the differences between staff-security and civilian-protection strategies, the distinction between them can be understood as driven by a differential valuing of lives at the level of geopolitics. In other words, even if

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Jacobite Scotland and French grand strategy, 1701–8
Author: Daniel Szechi

This book is about a lost moment in British, and especially Scots, history. It explores in detail the events of 1708. The book uses this as a platform to analyse the dynamics of the Jacobite movement, the English/British government's response to the Jacobites' activities and the way the Jacobites interacted with the French government. Grand historical theses need, however, to be well grounded in the nitty-gritty of human affairs. The book offers a detailed narrative of the execution of the Enterprise of Scotland. It introduces the reader to the operation's climactic moment and at the same time corrects misapprehensions about it that have crept in to the historiography that touches on the operation proper. The book also offers a new interpretation of the role of Queen Mary of Modena as de facto regent and thus director of the movement in the early eighteenth century. It highlights the unusually prominent role played by particular Scots noblewomen, such as Anne Drummond, countess of Erroll, and Elizabeth Howard, duchess of Gordon, in the conspiracy leading to the '08. In a context set by a desperate, epic global war and the angry, febrile politics of early eighteenth-century Scotland, the book contends that Britain was on the cusp of a military and constitutional upheaval.

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Transcultural identities and art-making in a globalised world

Migration, understood as the movement of people and cultures, gives impetus to globalisation and the transculturation processes that the interaction between people and cultures entails. This book addresses migration as a profoundly transforming force that has remodelled artistic and art institutional practices across the world. It explores contemporary art's critical engagement with migration and globalisation as a key source for improving our understanding of how these processes transform identities, cultures, institutions and geopolitics. The book also explores three interwoven issues of enduring interest: identity and belonging, institutional visibility and recognition of migrant artists, and the interrelations between aesthetics and politics, and its representations of forced migration. Transculturality indicates a certain quality (of an idea, an object, a self-perception or way of living) which joins a variety of elements indistinguishable as separate sources. The topic of migration is permeated not only with political but also with ethical urgencies. The most telling sign of how profoundly the mobility turn has affected the visual arts is perhaps the spread of the term global art in the discourses on art, where it is often used as a synonym for internationally circulating contemporary art. The book examines interventions by three artists who take a critical de- and postcolonial approach to the institutional structures and spaces of Western museums. The book also looks at the politics of representation, and particularly the question of how aesthetics, politics and ethics can be triangulated and balanced when artists seek to make visible the conditions of irregular migration.

The changing view of Germany in Anglo-American geopolitics
Lucian Ashworth

) presented Haushofer as the educator and planner who had produced the German plan for world conquest, under the influence of Nietzsche, Clausewitz, Moltke, Scharnhorst and Bismarck. Through Hess, Haushofer is seen advising the Nazis on their next target for conquest. The role of Haushofer in shaping German grand strategy has long been a question of debate, but his influence as a foil for Anglo-American assessments of German geopolitics cannot be doubted. In the US, a diverse range of academics treated Haushofer and the Munich-based Institut für Geopolitik as the

in Prussians, Nazis and Peaceniks
Open Access (free)
Sovereignty, violence and revolution in the Middle East
Author: Simon Mabon

In events that have since become known as the Arab Uprisings or Arab Revolutions, people across the Middle East took to the streets to express their anger and frustration at political climates, demanding political and economic reform. In a number of cases, protest movements were repressed, often violently, with devastating repercussions for human security and peace across the region.

While a number of scholars have sought to understand how the protests occurred, this book looks at sovereignty and the relationship between rulers and ruled to identify and understand both the roots of this anger but also the mechanisms through which regimes were able to withstand seemingly existential pressures and maintain power.

Cerwyn Moore

2 Kosovo and Chechnya/Kosova and Ichkeria This chapter will introduce Kosovo and Chechnya as examples of contemporary conflict. Delving into the history and geopolitics of Kosovo and Chechnya will help, insofar as it draws attention to a range of features, as well as a range of similar and dissimilar trends which inscribed the character of violence. These trends and features may be discernible in mythic stories of war and identity. In this way, analysis of geopolitical legacies and historical narratives provides valuable and often neglected insight into both

in Contemporary violence