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Black representation and Top Boy
Kehinde Andrews

5 The iconic ghetto on British television: Black representation and Top Boy Kehinde Andrews Top Boy is an eight-part British drama, which ran over two series in 2011 and 2013. The show follows the rise of Dushane up the ranks of drug dealers on the fictional Summerhouse estate in London. Alongside his story is an ensemble cast of characters and narratives that explore life on the estate. The focus on drugs and gangs in the inner city led to the show inevitably being dubbed the ‘British answer to the Wire’.1 Like the Wire, the show was written by a white writer

in Adjusting the contrast
Abstract only
Mobility and anti-Semitism in the interwar period
Amanda Bergen

In 1925, a series of articles appeared in the Yorkshire Evening News entitled ‘The Soul of the Leeds Ghetto’. The author, E. E. Burgess, noted how: The war brought a change. The post-war generation particularly, having peeped as it were into a world closed to their pre-war brothers, became dazzled with a new mental outlook, and their desires of things early took a more prodigious turn. They were soon to be seen knocking at the gates leading to new vistas hitherto denied them. 1 The

in Leeds and its Jewish Community
A New Spatiotemporal Logic in James Baldwin’s The Evidence of Things Not Seen
Özge Özbek Akıman

This article examines James Baldwin’s late text The Evidence of Things Not Seen (1985) as one of his substantial attempts at “forging a new language,” which he tentatively mentions in his late essays and interviews. As an unpopular and difficult text in Baldwin’s oeuvre, Evidence carries the imprint of a new economy of time, casting the past into the present, and a new economy of space, navigating across other geographies in appraising the serial killings of children in one of Atlanta’s poorest Black neighborhoods. This article suggests that a new economy of time emerges earlier in No Name in the Street (1972), as a result of Baldwin’s self-imposed exile in Europe. The article then analyzes his spatiotemporal logic in the specifics of Evidence with reference to a Black middle class, urbanization, the ghetto, gentrification, and other colonized spaces.

James Baldwin Review
Bussing, race and urban space, 1960s–80s

In 1960–62, a large number of white autochthonous parents in Southall became very concerned that the sudden influx of largely non-Anglophone Indian immigrant children in local schools would hold back their children’s education. It was primarily to placate such fears that ‘dispersal’ (or ‘bussing’) was introduced in areas such as Southall and Bradford, as well as to promote the integration of mostly Asian children. It consisted in sending busloads of immigrant children to predominantly white suburban schools, in an effort to ‘spread the burden’. This form of social engineering went on until the early 1980s. This book, by mobilising local and national archival material as well as interviews with formerly bussed pupils in the 1960s and 1970s, reveals the extent to which dispersal was a flawed policy, mostly because thousands of Asian pupils were faced with racist bullying on the playgrounds of Ealing, Bradford, etc. It also investigates the debate around dispersal and the integration of immigrant children, e.g. by analysing the way some Local Education Authorities (Birmingham, London) refused to introduce bussing. It studies the various forms that dispersal took in the dozen or so LEAs where it operated. Finally, it studies local mobilisations against dispersal by ethnic associations and individuals. It provides an analysis of debates around ‘ghetto schools’, ‘integration’, ‘separation’, ‘segregation’ where quite often the US serves as a cognitive map to make sense of the English situation.

Jewish Filmmakers, Social Commentary and the Postwar Cycle of Boxing Films
Peter Stanfield

This essay considers how the boxing story enabled some filmmakers to politicise and individualise a popular film cycle. These mostly left-wing Jewish filmmakers understood that the boxing story offered a particularly viable vehicle for broad social commentary, a vehicle that could also be personalised by evoking a nostalgic vision of a ghetto community.

Film Studies
The Politics of ‘Proximity’ and Performing Humanitarianism in Eastern DRC
Myfanwy James

one MSF security plan for Congo summarises, ‘networking and context analysis is the basis of our capacity to negotiate acceptance’ and ‘national staff have a key role in this’ ( MSF-OCB, 2018 ). ‘Assistants’, for example, maintain a network and introduce rotating foreigners to local actors. Jean was a former project coordinator assistant in North Kivu. ‘To be connected is my job,’ he explained, because internationals ‘lack informants, they live in an expatriate ghetto.’ Jean would ‘find out who the project coordinator needs to know, find a way to contact and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Swati Mehta Dhawan
Julie Zollmann

actually provided that access. Instead, donors have shifted to digital humanitarian payments primarily through segregated, second-rate financial service ghettos. In Jordan, refugees are offered access to mobile wallets on a mobile money system that is new and does not connect refugees to the local economy. In Kenya, refugees are de jure banned from the mainstream economic infrastructure of M-Pesa. The informal and illegal workarounds refugees use – and humanitarian actors

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Debates on Jewish responses to Nazism
Tom Lawson

began on 22 July 1942. Recording the events in his diary, Ringelblum’s anger is palpable. Of course, his fury is directed at the Germans. But he attacks his fellow Jews too. He is aghast at the ‘incomprehensible brutality’ 235 Lawson 07_Lawson 08/09/2010 13:40 Page 236 DEBATES ON THE HOLOCAUST of the Jewish Ghetto Police who administered the Aktion, and excoriates the mass for not fighting back, for not resisting. ‘Why have we allowed ourselves to be led like sleep to the slaughter’ he cried.2 Ultimately he laments ‘now we are ashamed of ourselves, disgraced in our

in Debates on the Holocaust
The Merchant of Venice in Mandatory Palestine (1936) and the Venetian Ghetto (2016)
Boika Sokolova
Kirilka Stavreva
, and
J. C. Bulman

-Zion, Wrestling with Shylock , p. 196). The second production of the play in a locale significant to Jewish history was staged in 2016 in the Campo del Ghetto Nuovo in Venice. Titled The Merchant in Venice , it honoured the confluence of two anniversaries: 400 years since Shakespeare’s death and 500 years since the establishment of the Venetian Jewish Ghetto, a site that gave us the word

in Shakespeare in Performance
Passing, racial identity and the literary marketplace
Sinéad Moynihan

recent publishing success because, as his agent tells him, his writing is ‘not black enough’ (p. 49). Finding himself suddenly responsible for caring for his aging mother and struggling financially, he pens a satirical ghetto novel under the pseudonym of Stagg R. Leigh. In deciding to do so, he draws his inspiration from the success of Juanita Mae Jenkins, whose We’s Lives in Da Ghetto is promoted on the Kenya Dunston Show, a thinly veiled parody of Oprah’s Book Club, and is proving a lucrative publishing phenomenon. As Stagg R. Leigh, middle-class Monk thus passes

in Passing into the present