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Elite European migrants in the British Empire

While most of the Germans who suffered expulsion during the First World War lived within British shores, the Royal Navy brought Germans from throughout the world to face incarceration in the their network of camp. This book offers a new interpretation of global migration from the early nineteenth until the early twentieth century. It examines the elite German migrants who progressed to India, especially missionaries, scholars and scientists, businessmen and travellers. The book investigates the reasons for the migration of Germans to India. An examination of the realities of German existence in India follows. It then examines the complex identities of the Germans in India in the century before the First World War. The role of the role of racism, orientalism and Christianity is discussed. The stereotypes that emerged from travelogues include: an admiration of Indian landscapes; contempt for Hinduism; criticism of the plight of women; and repulsion at cityscapes. The book moves to focus upon the transformation which took place as a result of this conflict, mirroring the plight of Germans in other parts of the world. The marginalisation which took place in 1920 closely mirrored the plight of the German communities throughout the British Empire. The unique aspect of the experience in India consisted of the birth of a national identity. Finally, the book places the experience of the Germans in India into four contexts: the global history of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries; German history; history of the British Empire in India; and Indian history.

Emma Tennant’s Thornfield Hall, Jasper Fforde’s The Eyre Affair and Gail Jones’s Sixty Lights

dealing critically with perceived blind spots), ‘many famous re-​writings’ of Brontë’s novel ‘focus on a heterosexual love relationship’ either to deconstruct its myth or reinforce its ubiquity (Rubik and Mettinger-​Schartmann, 2007: 12). Gail Jones’s Sixty Lights, a complex refiguration of narrative inheritance and exploration of what is obscured behind ‘memorable patterns’, not only focuses on the nature of love, and embodied emotion, but also deals directly with the modes of intergenerational and global migrations of meaning that have affected cultural (and personal

in Charlotte Brontë
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up to ninety day labourers commonly out of employ: in 1831 an assisted parish scheme caused fifty-six of the poor to emigrate from Benenden.9 This, however, was highly unusual and a tiny component of the emerging emigrant flows across the country. Strong support for the discontinuity thesis comes from the quantitative historians Hatton and Williamson. They see a clear discontinuity in the decades after 1820 when, they claim, ‘global migrations changed dramatically’. There was ‘a regime change in world migrations’ – in scale, composition and freedom. Mass emigration

in The genesis of international mass migration
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in tropical regions, or of other people of colour, continue to include traces of our colonial heritage? Recognizing and analysing these traces of colonial heritage and exploring the perspectives of other cultures are essential when investigating health and disease. This is significant since global migration movements make the permeability of boundaries and transmission of humans, and therefore diseases, more common then perhaps ever before in human history. Notes 1 M. Hardt and T. Negri, Empire (Cambridge:  Harvard University Press, 2000), pp. 135–​6. 2 K

in Leprosy and colonialism
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‘precariat’ have all served to make small-scale entrepreneurialism, on the streets or elsewhere, a topical issue, and not an inevitably nostalgic one. Stedman Jones raised the (for him) unresolved question of whether immigrants (he names the Irish and Jewish specifically) were incorporated into or excluded from the idea of the ‘cockney’. I have argued that the historical street markets always retained the potential to hybridise culture across ethnicity, but in the present too mass movements of global migration again point to the persistence of the informal economy, and the

in Cheap Street
A narrative of ‘them and ‘us’

here transcends the institutional and statutory processes of immigration and asylum law in Britain. It speaks to anxieties about the ‘other’, and about social relations between asylum seekers and what it means to be British. It speaks to a growing preoccupation, not just in Britain, in which apparently secure ‘identities’ and ‘nationalisms’ diminish in an era of global migration. Asylum seekers are a potent representation of these concerns. Conclusion Shami Chakrabarti’s essay on detention of asylum seekers opens a window not just on the rights of asylum claimants

in Incarceration and human rights

produced and reproduced; how and what is exchanged; how it is distributed (urbanisation or forced global migration or displacement); how it is used (consumed) in production; and how, in turn, the wage is used to purchase market goods for consumption. We share with Marx the view that labour, in all its varieties, is the creator of societal wealth whether in market or in non-market forms. Yet in MEAB, a root and branch critique of Marx’s Labour Theory of Value was undertaken with a view to developing the analytical tools for understanding the multiple divisions in rights

in Inequality and Democratic Egalitarianism

model of the great age of international migration is that of the economists T.J. Hatton and J.G. Williamson, who describe the nineteenth century as ‘The Age of Mass Migration’ and ‘the first global century’. They are in no doubt that there was a discontinuity: before 1820 most emigration had been confined to slaves, convicts and servants. In the decades from the 1820s to the 1850s, ‘global migrations changed dramatically’: it was indeed ‘a regime change in world migrations’ – in scale, composition and freedom, increasingly involving single people in a ‘spectacular

in The genesis of international mass migration
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Empires and imperial formations

Introduction (London, 2008); Robert Miles, Capitalism and Unfree Labour: Anomaly or Necessity? (London, 1987); David Northrup, Indentured Labor in the Age of Imperialism, 1834–1922 (Cambridge, 1995); Hugh Tinker, A New System of Slavery (Oxford, 1974).  3 Dipesh Chakrabarty, Provincializing Europe (Princeton, 2000).  4 Two models of scholarship from a very large historiography are: Ulbe Bosma, ‘European colonial soldiers in the nineteenth century: their role in white global migration and patterns of colonial settlement’, Journal of Global History, 4:2 (2009), 317–36; Prabhu

in Emancipation and the remaking of the British imperial world

W. L. Lai, Indentured Labor, Caribbean Sugar: Chinese and Indian Migrants to the British West Indies, 1838–1918 (Baltimore, 1993). 8 Y. Ching-Hwang, Coolies and Mandarins (Singapore, 1985), p. 47. 9 McKeown, ‘Global Migration’, p

in Empire, migration and identity in the British world