This book seeks to review the state of political issues early in the twenty-first century, when New Labour is in its second term of office. As part of the updating process it became necessary to choose which political issues are important. The book includes the main issues which appear in current Advanced Level Politics syllabuses. In the case of Edexcel, which offers a specific political issues option in its A2 specification, all the specified issues have been included. The book deals with the process of constitutional and political change which are issues in themselves. It also includes material on constitutional reform (incorporating the recent development of human rights in Britain), and devolution. The book includes the global recession and other recent political developments and looks at the important issues in British politics since 1945. It examines the key issues of British politics today: economic policy, the Welfare State, law and order, environment policy, Northern Ireland, issues concerning women, European integration and the European Union, and the impact of the European Union on Britain. The book also deals with the European Union and Britain's relationship to it. Finally, it must be emphasised that Britain's relationship to the European Union is in itself a political issue which has fundamentally changed the party system.
Once held up as a 'poster child' for untrammeled capitalist globalisation, the Irish Republic has more recently come to represent a cautionary tale for those tempted to tread the same neoliberal path. The crash in the world economy had especially grave repercussions for Ireland, and a series of austerity measures has seen the country endure the most substantial 'adjustment' ever experienced in a developed society during peacetime. This book delineates the reactionary course that Ireland has followed since the ignominious demise of the Celtic Tiger. It argues that the forces of neoliberalism have employed the economic crisis they caused to advance policies that are in their own narrow interests, and that the host of regressive measures imposed since the onset of global recession has fundamentally restructured Irish society. The book discusses the mechanisms by which finance in Ireland sustains and reproduces itself, in particular how it was able to protect itself during the 2008 crisis. Property was at the centre of the second phase of the Celtic Tiger boom after US investment in manufacturing began to decline, leading to the Irish economic crash. The years since the onset of the recession in Ireland in 2008 have been characterised not by passivity and quietism but by extreme violence. In December 2009 as part of the first wave of austerity, the Community Development Project was informed that the Department of Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs proposed not to continue funding the project beyond the end of 2009.
The body in the swimming pool as metonym for trouble in paradise is a recurrent motif
bordering on cliché in Hollywood/West Coast sunshine noir. Through an intermedial
survey of film, TV and literary fiction, photography, design and architectural
history, crime and environmental, reportage, public health and safety documents this
article examines the domestic swimming pools ambiguous status as a symbol of realised
utopia within the Californian mythos from the boom years of the backyard oasis in the
wake of the Second World War to the era of mass foreclosures, restricted water usage
and ambient dread inaugurated by 9/11, the global recession and the severest drought
in the states recorded rainfall history.
diversity of activity.
The temporal aspect is evident as we map the changes and continuities in regeneration priorities from NDC’s original delivery plan of 1999 and NEM’s Strategic
Regeneration Framework (SRF) of 2000–2008 to the present day, including the
SRF of 2008–2018 and the Eastlands Regeneration Framework which resulted from
the agreement between MCC, MCFC and NEM in 2011. We also consider the
impact of the globalrecession after 2008, the change in national government in May
2010 and the resulting cuts to public spending. The complex nature of this temporal
With race as a central theme, this book presents racial stratification as the underlying system which accounts for the difference in outcomes of Whites and Blacks in the labour market. Critical race theory (CRT) is employed to discuss the operation, research, maintenance and impact of racial stratification. The power of this book is the innovative use of a stratification framework to expose the pervasiveness of racial inequality in the labour market. It teaches readers how to use CRT to investigate the racial hierarchy and it provides a replicable framework to identify the racial order based on insight from the Irish case. There is a four-stage framework in the book which helps readers understand how migrants navigate the labour market from the point of migration to labour participation. The book also highlights minority agency and how migrants respond to their marginality. The examples of how social acceptance can be applied in managing difference in the workplace are an added bonus for those interested in diversity and inclusion. This book is the first of its kind in Ireland and across Europe to present inequality, racism and discrimination in the labour market from a racial stratification perspective. While this book is based on Irish data, the CRT theoretical approach, as well as its insight into migrant perspectives, poses a strong appeal to scholars of sociology, social justice, politics, intercultural communication and economics with interest in race and ethnicity, critical whiteness and migration. It is a timely contribution to CRT which offers scholars a method to conduct empirical study of racial stratification across different countries bypassing the over-reliance on secondary data. It will also appeal to countries and scholars examining causal racism and how it shapes racial inequality.
Richly illustrated with over 110 colour and black and white images, the book
productively contests the supposedly exclusive feminine aspect of the style
moderne (art deco). It explores how alternative, parallel and overlapping
experiences and expressions of decorative modernism, nationalism, gender and
sexuality in the heady years surrounding World War I converge in the protean
figure of the deco dandy. As such, the book significantly departs from and
corrects the assumptions and biases that have dominated scholarship on and
popular perceptions of art deco. The book outlines how designed products and
representations of and for the dandy both existed within and outwith normative
expectations of gender and sexuality complicating men’s relationship to consumer
culture more broadly and the moderne more specifically. Through a sustained
focus on the figure of the dandy, the book offers a broader view of art deco by
claiming a greater place for the male body and masculinity in this history than
has been given to date. The mass appeal of the dandy in the 1920s was a way to
redeploy an iconic, popular and well-known typology as a means to stimulate
national industries, to engender a desire for all things made in France.
Important, essential and productive moments in the history of the cultural life
of Paris presented in the book are instructive of the changing role performed by
consumerism, masculinity, design history and national identity.
it has been argued is the most ‘policy thick’ area in Britain (Ward, 2003: 123). The
narrative of how east Manchester became such an extreme case of deprivation, and
of the various attempts to respond to the problem, is itself a purpose of the book and
we describe the way in which the initiative emerged and explain how it developed.
The revival of a substantial area of a great city, which began in a major way with the
new Labour Government after 1997, is a task that is never completed. The globalrecession, the election of the Coalition Government and
Manchester. We claim that evaluating this specific situation can
only be done against the inherited situation of the 1990s, and with allowance made
for the effect of the globalrecession. Against this backdrop there were gains in
economic development through the attraction of inward investment and the location of business in the area, although ultimately it is the wider economic context
which will determine the long-term success of these gains. The conviction of MCC
officials that they have successfully repositioned east Manchester as a place to live
encourages them to
Class polarisation and neo-liberalism in the Irish Republic
recession can be
disproved by even the most cursory glance at the records. For example,
on 25 August 2001, The Economist announced in its lead article, ‘Welcome
to the first globalrecession of the 21st century’.18) Concepts like ‘consumer
confidence’ are also treated almost as psychological irreducibles that
intrude on the otherwise smooth workings of a system that brings supply
and demand into equilibrium. Of course, once you adopt this perspective
there is often a danger of ‘talking ourselves into a recession’ – hence the
participation by key actors.
Following a start full of co-operative pledges, then, ASEM delivered a
number of modest initiatives, not least providing a stable and regular forum
for region-to-region dialogue. However, the second decade of its existence
coincided with a stagnation in relations, as globalrecession, institutional
weakness and the continued rise of China required global and national
responses and did not correspond to particular regional – or inter-regional
– agendas. The economic reality – that in 2012 ASEM states accounted for
57.2 per cent of total global