This book excavates forgotten histories of solidarity which were vital to radical political imaginaries during the ‘long sixties’. It decentres the conventional Western focus of this critical historical moment by foregrounding transnational solidarity with, and across, anticolonial and anti-imperialist liberation struggles. It traces the ways in which solidarity was conceived, imagined and enacted in the border-crossings – of nation, race and class identifications – of grassroots activists. Exiled revolutionaries in Uruguay, postcolonial migrants in Britain, and Greek communist refugees in East Germany campaigned for their respective causes from afar while identifying and linking up with liberation struggles in Vietnam and the Gulf and with civil rights movements elsewhere. Meanwhile, Arab migrants in France, Pakistani volunteers and Iraqi artists found a myriad of ways to express solidarity with the Palestinian cause. Neglected archives also reveal Tricontinental Cuban-based genealogies of artistic militancy, as well as stories of anticolonial activist networks and meetings in North America, Italy, the Netherlands and Sudan, forging connections with those freedom fighters attempting to overthrow Portuguese colonial rule in Africa. These entwined routes of the 1960s chart a complex map of transnational political recognition and radical interconnections. Bringing together original research with contributions from veteran activists and artists, this interdisciplinary volume explores how transnational solidarity was expressed in and carried through the itineraries of migrants and revolutionaries, film and print cultures, art and sport, political campaigns and armed struggle. It presents a novel perspective on radical politics of the global sixties which remains crucial to understanding anti-racist solidarity today.
(1968); and the fall of Saigon (1975).
Our volume builds on recent efforts to expand and
complicate the spatiality and temporality of the globalsixties and
offers new analyses of this critical historical
conjuncture through the lens of solidarity, with and across anticolonial
liberation struggles. It is primarily concerned with the emergence of
On the origins of solidarity with the Palestinian cause in France
language. 3 This study
thus contributes to undoing the silence on the topic in English-language
historiography of the long ’68 in France in particular and in the
literature on the globalsixties more broadly. The aim here is not to
present an exhaustive history of the movements in solidarity with the
Palestinian cause, 4 but
rather to shed light on the involvement of Arab immigrants in France
Transnational revolutionaries, exiles and the formation of the Tupamaros in early 1960s Montevideo
Latin American Cold War. Here, the origin of the Uruguayan armed left is
studied within the framework of the globalsixties, focusing on the
encounters between revolutionary militants and ideas about transnational
activism that converged in the city of Montevideo in 1964. These
encounters, as the chapter will go on to demonstrate, nurtured political
praxis and influenced the formation of new
The phrase ‘global Maoism’ has been adopted by several scholars to
describe the impact of Maoist movements on the ‘globalsixties’.10 In this
anthology the concept of ‘global Maoism’ is used in an attempt to capture
the eminently protean quality of this political phenomenon, especially when
it crossed paths with, and was expressed through, the visual arts. Here the
phrase ‘global Maoism’ helps to define and delineate the manifold reception
and visualisation of Mao Zedong Thought. The word ‘Maoism’ has never had
any traction in China, and Mao himself
M . Geidel , Peace Corps Fantasies: How Development Shaped
the GlobalSixties ( Minneapolis : University of Minnesota
Press , 2015 ).
H. E. Salisbury, ‘Kennedy Favors US “Peace
Corps” to Work Abroad’, New York Times (3 November 1960), p.
’, Transcultural Studies, 2 (2011), 189–231; Kristof Niese,
‘Vademekum’ der Protestbewegung? Transnationale Vermittlungen durch das
Kursbuch von 1965 bis 1975 (Baden-Baden: Nomos, 2017); Quinn Slobodian,
‘The Meanings of Western Maoism in the Global 1960s’, in Chen Jian, Martin
Klimke, Masha Kirasirova, Mary Nolan, Marilyn Young and Joanna WaleyCohen (eds), The Routledge Handbook of the GlobalSixties: Between Protest
and Nation-Building (Abingdon: Routledge, 2018), 67–78.
5 Quinn Slobodian, ‘The Maoist Enemy: China’s Challenge in 1960s East
Germany’, Journal of Contemporary
-plagiarism-sculpture-wendy-taylor1973-timepiece.htm (accessed 14 November 2018); Jonathan Jones, ‘Anish
Kapoor is Right to be Livid about China Stealing his Big Bean Sculpture’,
Guardian, 13 August 2015.
8 Quinn Slobodian, ‘The Meanings of Western Maoism in the Global 1960s’, in
Chen Jian, Martin Klimke, Masha Kirasirova, Mary Nolan, Marilyn Young
and Joanna Waley-Cohen (eds), The Routledge Handbook of the GlobalSixties:
Between Protest and Nation-Building (Abindgon: Routledge, 2018), 71.
9 Wang Hui, The End of the Revolution: China and the Limits of Modernity
(London: Verso, 2009), 42.
Third World Order ( Oxford:
Oxford University Press , 2016 ); A.
Marchesi , Latin America’s Radical Left.
Rebellion and Cold War in the GlobalSixties
(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press ,
2018 ); C.
Kalter , The Discovery of the Third World:
Decolonisation and the Rise of the New Left in