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Power, legitimacy and the interpretation of democratic ideas

As the globalization of democracy becomes increasingly palpable, the political obstacles to its achievement become overshadowed by more vexing questions concerning the very nature of democracy itself. This book examines some of the philosophical and theoretical debates underlying the 'democratic project' which increasingly dominates the field of comparative development. The first concern presented is normative and epistemological: as democracy becomes widely accepted as the political currency of legitimacy, the more broadly it is defined. The second issue examined refers to the claims being made regarding how best to secure a democratic system in developing states. The book shows how 'democracy' has quickly become, both academically and politically, all things to all people: it represents a philosophical ideal, a political strategy, and an instrument of economic well-being. It looks at some of the philosophical debates underlying democracy in order to explain why it has evolved into such an ambiguous concept. The book surveys the arguments supporting the expansion of 'democracy' from its individualistic orientations to an account more able to accommodate the concerns and aspirations of groups. Critical assessments of these new trends in democratic theory are presented. The book examines the political contexts within which debates about democratization are centred. A discussion on the claim that a robust democracy depends upon our ability to 'strengthen civil society', follows. The book situates the debate over democracy and development more closely by examining the political context surrounding the inflation of democratic meaning. It examines the consequences of the globalization of democratic norms.

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Legal pluralism in the world society
Gunther Teubner

? Both the US President and the almost forgotten law professor from Czernowitz, Bukowina, who developed his idea of a ‘living law’ in the far east of the Austrian Empire, have a utopian vision of a global legal order. But they do not agree on how to get to this global legal order. In Bill Clinton's New World Order it is the Pax Americana which will globalise the rule of law. His global law will be

in Critical theory and legal autopoiesis
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Alistair Cole

powerful foreign policy bureaucracy. The French Foreign Affairs Ministry comprises a vast, extensive network of career diplomats and diplomatic representations, second only to that of the US in global coverage. The foreign affairs and defence ministers are actively involved in foreign policy, as is the prime minister (for example Edouard Philippe under Macron). But the French president incarnates French foreign policy grandeur more than any of his European counterparts or other potential domestic rivals, a point repeatedly made in presidential memoirs (most recently

in Emmanuel Macron and the two years that changed France
Geographies of transnational solidarity

This book provides a critical investigation of what has been termed the ‘global justice movement’. Through a detailed study of a grassroots peasants' network in Asia (People's Global Action); an international trade union network (the International Federation of Chemical, Energy, Mining and General Workers); and the Social Forum process, it analyses some of the global justice movement's component parts, operational networks and their respective dynamics, strategies and practices. The authors argue that the emergence of new globally connected forms of collective action against neoliberal globalisation are indicative of a range of variously place-specific forms of political agency that coalesce across geographic space at particular times, in specific places and in a variety of ways. They also argue that, rather than being indicative of a coherent ‘movement’, such forms of political agency contain many political and geographical fissures and fault-lines, and are best conceived of as ‘global justice networks’: overlapping, interacting, competing and differentially placed and resourced networks that articulate demands for social, economic and environmental justice. Such networks, and the social movements that comprise them, characterise emergent forms of trans-national political agency. The authors argue that the role of key geographical concepts of space, place and scale are crucial to an understanding of the operational dynamics of such networks. Such an analysis challenges key current assumptions in the literature about the emergence of a global civil society.

Open Access (free)
John Narayan

2 The Global Democrat The new era of human relationships in which we live is one marked by mass production for remote markets, by cable and telephone, by cheap printing, by railway and steam navigation. Only geographically did Columbus discover a new world. The actual new world has been generated in the last hundred years. (LW2: 323) As the last chapter made clear, John Dewey’s conception of creative democracy points towards the perpetual adaption of social institutions, including democratic institutions and practices themselves, as new publics are engendered

in John Dewey
Critical encounters between state and world

Recognition and Global Politics examines the potential and limitations of the discourse of recognition as a strategy for reframing justice and injustice within contemporary world affairs. Drawing on resources from social and political theory and international relations theory, as well as feminist theory, postcolonial studies and social psychology, this ambitious collection explores a range of political struggles, social movements and sites of opposition that have shaped certain practices and informed contentious debates in the language of recognition.

Geographical dynamics and convergence spaces
Paul Routledge and Andrew Cumbers

5217P GLOBAL JUSTICE-PT/lb.qxd 13/1/09 19:59 Page 76 4 Global justice networks: geographical dynamics and convergence spaces This chapter is concerned with analysing how the operational dynamics of GJNs are acted out across geographic space. The spatiality of GJNs concerns both the geographical context in which they operate (e.g. the conditions, opportunities and constraints that they face) and the strategies that they employ. It concerns the myriad ongoing connections that combine different parts of the world together (by connecting different place

in Global justice networks
Robert Lepage’s Coriolan
Robert Ormsby

culture. He believed that, by including performances at Montréal’s Festival de Théâtre des Amériques (FTA) in the Cycle tour, he was allowing ‘the French-speaking public [to] discover a repertoire that it virtually never gets to see’, and was thus bringing global culture to Québec through Shakespeare ( Robert Lepage 117). At the same time, by touring the Cycle to numerous countries, he

in Coriolanus
Shizuka Oshitani

4 Making global warming policy This chapter gives background information on policy-making to tackle the global warming problem in Japan and Britain. In Chapter 3, I briefly explained that Japan could be considered corporatist and Britain pluralist in terms of government–industry relations, patterns of interest representation, and the norm of decision-making. I will elaborate how these differences are actually reflected in the traditionally dominant environmental policy styles of the two countries. Those industrial structural contexts that have important

in Global warming policy in Japan and Britain
Coinciding locales of refuge among Sahrawi refugees in North Africa
Konstantina Isidoros

Research and scholarly debates focus on refugees as the Other, always kept at arm's length, at a distant site somewhere in a Global South, usually trying to get into the Global North. They are perceived as people fleeing from a supra-local site of crisis, either as internally displaced people (IDPs) within their local nation, or on to an external host and then further onwards into the global arena – moving from dystopic local to utopian global in a unilineal motion, between local to national via transnational spaces. Somewhere in between, they

in Displacement