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A governmental analysis

Recent years have witnessed a burgeoning international literature which seeks to analyse the construction of health and health policy through an analytical lens drawn from post-Foucauldian ideas of governmentality. This book is the first to apply the theoretical lens of post-Foucauldian governmentality to an analysis of health problems, practices, and policy in Ireland. Drawing on empirical examples related to childhood, obesity, mental health, smoking, ageing and others, it explores how specific health issues have been constructed as problematic and in need of intervention in the Irish State. The book focuses specifically on how Jean Jacques Rousseau's critical social theory and normative political theory meet as a conception of childhood. The 'biosocial' apparatus has recently been reconfigured through a policy framework called Healthy Ireland, the purpose of which is to 'reduce health inequalities' by 'empowering people and communities'. Child fatness continues to be framed as a pervasive and urgent issue in Irish society. In a novel departure in Irish public health promotion, the Stop the Spread (STS) campaign, free measuring tapes were distributed throughout Ireland to encourage people to measure their waists. A number of key characteristics of neoliberal governmentality, including the shift towards a market-based model of health; the distribution of power across a range of agents and agencies; and the increasing individualisation of health are discussed. One of the defining features of the Irish health system is the Universal Health Insurance and the Disability Act 2005.

Open Access (free)
Digital Bodies, Data and Gifts

) , a key thing wearables do is to make practices into problems when tracking physical activity for health and ‘wellness’/lifestyle purposes: everyday mobility has been reframed as a public health problem requiring ‘interventions’ to increase activity. Users’ activities can be monitored and uploaded to the internet, transforming social practices – and contributing to ‘processes of biomedicalisation’ ( Carter et al. , 2018: 2 ). While we need to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The white woman in colonial India, c. 1820–1930

This book explores colonial gendered interactions, with a special focus on the white woman in colonial India. It examines missionary and memsahibs' colonial writings, probing their construction of Indian women of different classes and regions, such as zenana women, peasants, ayahs and wet-nurses. The three groups of white women focused upon are memsahibs, missionaries and, to a certain extent, ordinary soldiers' wives. Among white women in colonial India, it was the female missionaries who undoubtedly participated most closely in the colonial 'civilising mission'. The book addresses through a scrutiny of the literary works written by 'New Indian Women', such as Flora Annie Steel. Cross-racial gendered interactions were inflected by regional diversities, and the complexity of the category of the 'native woman'. The colonial household was a site of tension, and 'the anxieties of colonial rule manifest themselves most clearly in the home'. The dynamics of the memsahib-ayah relationship were rooted in race/class hierarchies, domestic power structures and predicated on the superiority of the colonising memsahib. The book also examines colonial medical texts, scrutinising how they wielded authoritative power over vulnerable young European women through the power/knowledge of their medical directives. Colonial discourse sought to project the white woman's vulnerability to specific mental health problems, as well as the problem of addiction of 'barrack wives'. Giving voice to the Indian woman, the book scrutinises the fiction of the first generation of western-educated Indian women who wrote in English, exploring their construction of white women and their negotiations with colonial modernities.

European women’s mental health and addiction in the late nineteenth century

, including colonial medical writings, sought to project the white woman’s vulnerability to specific mental health problems. My aim here is to examine the constructions of female vulnerability in order to probe the significance of their underlying gender politics. In the course of this chapter I concentrate on ‘common’ mental problems, including ‘neurasthenia’ among middle

in Gendered transactions
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Is it time to change our approach to anti-stigma campaigns?

CONCLUSION: IS IT TIME TO CHANGE OUR APPROACH TO ANTI-­S TIGMA CAMPAIGNS? Myth: Mental health problems are very rare Fact: Mental health problems affect one in four people Myth: People with mental illness can’t work. Fact: You probably work with someone with mental illness. Myth: People with mental illness never recover. Fact: People with mental illness can and do recover.1 Time to Change, 2009 Imagine a campaign by a cancer charity, which gave the impression that everyone survives, picks up their lives where they left off, no worries about whether the cancer

in Destigmatising mental illness?
The problem of tuberculosis and its threat to nurses’ health, 1880–1950

.23 Abel-­Smith’s contention that nurses’ social background began to change in this period, as more were drawn from the lower middle and working classes and fewer from the upper classes,24 has been challenged by recent research suggesting that it was unlikely that nursing ever did recruit widely from the middle classes.25 This chapter examines whether TB was considered an occupational health problem among nurses at The London Hospital, which had no recruitment problems in the 1930s and 1940s compared with the South Devon and East Cornwall Hospital and the Cornwall

in Who cared for the carers?
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which was often the cause of poor general health, affected all children whether disabled or able-­bodied, and have been discussed more than adequately in other studies. Disruption to the provision of education also affected both groups, although in different ways, as has been made clear. For disabled children, problems associated with physical access, medical treatment requirements and the continuing stigma surrounding certain types of mental health problems meant that the children’s education and even safety often depended on their particular ‘category’ of disability

in Worth saving
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their standing in the hospital but this proved to be a more precarious strategy. CLA matrons were in a comparatively weak position and never exerted enough power to govern the nursing department independently from the medical superintendent. Uninterested in professional strategies, they were untrained until after the First World War and then played little part in the education of nurses. However, the absence of the all-­ powerful matron in the asylum, usually seen as a barrier to reform, did not seem to aid the identification of health problems. Concerns about the

in Who cared for the carers?

This chapter describes the establishment of a trauma-focused approach to the needs of those seeking help with emotional, psychological and mental health problems linked to traumatic experiences of the civil conflict in Northern Ireland. The chapter will outline the development of a therapy service based upon trauma-focused cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). Key issues relating

in Conflict, peace and mental health
Public health and the politics of eradication in Mexico

authorities need only be exposed to the hookworm campaign in order to ‘create ... a desire for a local health service capable of dealing with the more pressing public health problems’. 32 In fact the IHB had pinpointed the desired campaign locale before the survey was even begun. Veracruz, the focus of the yellow fever campaign, remained strategic for both the Mexican government and

in Western medicine as contested knowledge