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Martín Hernán Di Marco

Since the 1980s two simultaneous processes took place that reflect the emergence of violence as a public health problem in Latin America. First, these decades witnessed an increase in the volume of scientific literature related to violence, as well as in a wide range of publications by national and international organisations (such as the World Health Organization, the Pan American

in Publics and their health
Open Access (free)
The Politics of Infectious Disease
Duncan McLean
Michaël Neuman

decries a more nefarious side, an increase in illness and death as a direct consequence of ‘policies and political decisions made in relation to the COVID-19 pandemic’. More specifically the authors point to a range of neglected tropical and non-communicable diseases where indicators of excess mortality are already emerging. They conclude with a plea to address ‘health problems that have been overlooked and amplified’ during the current crisis, and warn of the likelihood of a repetition as new

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Lachlan McIver
Maria Guevara
, and
Gabriel Alcoba

begin to envision the possible end of COVID-19 as a pandemic and adjust to a ‘new normal’ in a world with effective vaccines, where the disease remains present but causes far fewer serious illnesses and deaths, there is an urgent need to both address the layers of this syndemic – the health problems that have been overlooked and amplified during the COVID-19 crisis – and look ahead to future threats. SARS-CoV-2 is considered to be of zoonotic origin, having arisen in a non-human vertebrate species

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
A Belated but Welcome Theory of Change on Mental Health and Development
Laura Davidson

ToC: ‘Used to describe the experience of people with participation restrictions associated with mental health problems and conditions’. It is considered less stigmatising due to its focus on the functional impact of mental health difficulties. 5 The promotion of mental health through action on social determinants is one of the Plan’s five key objectives

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Resilience and the Language of Compassion
Diego I. Meza

, 2004 : 123). However, the limitations inherent in the use of secondary data must be taken into account regarding the analysis and conclusions of this paper. The Psychosocial Assistance of the Displaced: The Clinic of Resilience For some decades now, ‘violence in Colombia [has been] considered a public health problem’ ( Rivas, 2000 : 340). One of the reasons is that ‘mental health is one of the inner sounding boards of violence suffered directly or indirectly’ (Franco, 1997: 100). From this perspective, María Helena Restrepo (2015) has traced a genealogy of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
What Lessons Can Be Drawn from Case Studies in France, the United States and Madagascar?
Hugo Carnell

needs to take wider note of. Plague has not been studied closely in recent decades. What studies exist have primarily focused on assessing plague’s status as a potential bioterrorist threat rather than as an endemic public health problem, and major flaws exist in existing clinical responses to plague ( Vallès, 2020 : 13). Pneumonic plague is difficult to diagnose with existing rapid diagnostic tests ( Mead, 2018 : 106–7). Existing antibiotic treatments often have a poor

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Digital Bodies, Data and Gifts
Kristin Bergtora Sandvik

than consumers in the global market economy. Finally, as pertinently observed by Carter et al. (2018) , a key thing wearables do is to make practices into problems when tracking physical activity for health and ‘wellness’/lifestyle purposes: everyday mobility has been reframed as a public health problem requiring ‘interventions’ to increase activity. Users’ activities can be monitored and uploaded to the internet, transforming social practices

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The white woman in colonial India, c. 1820–1930

This book explores colonial gendered interactions, with a special focus on the white woman in colonial India. It examines missionary and memsahibs' colonial writings, probing their construction of Indian women of different classes and regions, such as zenana women, peasants, ayahs and wet-nurses. The three groups of white women focused upon are memsahibs, missionaries and, to a certain extent, ordinary soldiers' wives. Among white women in colonial India, it was the female missionaries who undoubtedly participated most closely in the colonial 'civilising mission'. The book addresses through a scrutiny of the literary works written by 'New Indian Women', such as Flora Annie Steel. Cross-racial gendered interactions were inflected by regional diversities, and the complexity of the category of the 'native woman'. The colonial household was a site of tension, and 'the anxieties of colonial rule manifest themselves most clearly in the home'. The dynamics of the memsahib-ayah relationship were rooted in race/class hierarchies, domestic power structures and predicated on the superiority of the colonising memsahib. The book also examines colonial medical texts, scrutinising how they wielded authoritative power over vulnerable young European women through the power/knowledge of their medical directives. Colonial discourse sought to project the white woman's vulnerability to specific mental health problems, as well as the problem of addiction of 'barrack wives'. Giving voice to the Indian woman, the book scrutinises the fiction of the first generation of western-educated Indian women who wrote in English, exploring their construction of white women and their negotiations with colonial modernities.

A governmental analysis

Recent years have witnessed a burgeoning international literature which seeks to analyse the construction of health and health policy through an analytical lens drawn from post-Foucauldian ideas of governmentality. This book is the first to apply the theoretical lens of post-Foucauldian governmentality to an analysis of health problems, practices, and policy in Ireland. Drawing on empirical examples related to childhood, obesity, mental health, smoking, ageing and others, it explores how specific health issues have been constructed as problematic and in need of intervention in the Irish State. The book focuses specifically on how Jean Jacques Rousseau's critical social theory and normative political theory meet as a conception of childhood. The 'biosocial' apparatus has recently been reconfigured through a policy framework called Healthy Ireland, the purpose of which is to 'reduce health inequalities' by 'empowering people and communities'. Child fatness continues to be framed as a pervasive and urgent issue in Irish society. In a novel departure in Irish public health promotion, the Stop the Spread (STS) campaign, free measuring tapes were distributed throughout Ireland to encourage people to measure their waists. A number of key characteristics of neoliberal governmentality, including the shift towards a market-based model of health; the distribution of power across a range of agents and agencies; and the increasing individualisation of health are discussed. One of the defining features of the Irish health system is the Universal Health Insurance and the Disability Act 2005.

European women’s mental health and addiction in the late nineteenth century
Indrani Sen

, including colonial medical writings, sought to project the white woman’s vulnerability to specific mental health problems. My aim here is to examine the constructions of female vulnerability in order to probe the significance of their underlying gender politics. In the course of this chapter I concentrate on ‘common’ mental problems, including ‘neurasthenia’ among middle

in Gendered transactions