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Anastasia Marinopoulou

 1 8 1 Phenomenology and hermeneutics Alas, there are no absolute certainties and there are no definitive resolutions of fundamental ‘crises’. ‘Phenomenology and Sociology’ by Thomas Luckmann in Maurice Natanson, Phenomenology and the Social Sciences, vol. I1 The means selected become intermediate goals. Mary F. Rogers, Sociology, Ethnomethodology, and Experience2 Introduction Phenomenology and hermeneutics: the modern passage to epistemology It always appears very fruitful, scientifically, to consider arguments in relation, rather than in opposition. Such a

in Critical theory and epistemology
T. E. van Spanje
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Megan G. Leitch

observed the importance of sleep and insomnia to the thematic coherence and metafictional concerns of the Book of the Duchess , Chaucerian sleep – here and in the Parliament of Fowls and the Prologue to the Legend of Good Women – receives more textual attention than its slim share of critical attention would suggest. 9 In this chapter, I argue that Chaucer’s dream poetry explores the hermeneutics of sleep as well as the hermeneutics of dreams; and that through sleep, as through dreams, Chaucer reflects on the nature of

in Sleep and its spaces in Middle English literature
Sara Eckerson

This chapter presents a hermeneutic reading of Beethoven's Concerto No. 4 in G major (Op. 58) and uses expressive word cues in the score as a guide for directing or uncovering musical meaning. The intuition to follow word cues in this work stems from what might be called the concerto's ‘unorthodoxy’  1 – that is, the unique way Beethoven organises the concerto by giving the solo piano the first word. This opening theme, marked p

in Manchester Beethoven studies
The Case of Sophia Berkley
Richard Haslam

In an influential essay, Rolf Loeber and Magda Stouthamer-Loeber have claimed that The Adventures of Miss Sophia Berkley, by A Young Lady, which was published in 1760 (four years before Horace Walpoles The Castle of Otranto), is an Irish Gothic novel. The Loebers claims have been supported and developed by later critics, such as Christina Morin and Jarlath Killeen. Using the methodology of rhetorical hermeneutics, this essay investigates the validity, from a literary poetics perspective, of categorising Sophia Berkley as an Irish Gothic novel. I argue that the Loebers, Morin, and Killeen do not make a convincing case for doing so.

Gothic Studies
Toleration, Supersessionism and Judaeo-Centric Eschatology
Lawrence Rabone

This article on an early modern pamphlet which can be found in the John Rylands Library Special Collections asserts the importance of John Goodwin’s analysis of Zechariah 13:3 in A Post-Script or Appendix to […] Hagiomastix (1647). I argue that this pamphlet’s significance is not only its emphasis on toleration, but also that it is a striking example of Judaeo-centric millenarian thought in which Zechariah 12–14 is understood as prophesying a future time in which the Jews will be restored to the Land of Israel. I also analyse the pamphlet’s relationship to supersessionism and compare Goodwin’s interpretation with those of Samuel Rutherford, William Prynne, John Owen and, in particular, Jean Calvin. I explain that Goodwin’s use of the analogy of Scripture hermeneutic helps to explain his belief in Judaeo-centric eschatology. I then show how one of Goodwin’s followers, Daniel Taylor, used Judaeo-centric biblical exegesis to petition Oliver Cromwell for Jewish readmission to England.

Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Resilience and the Language of Compassion
Diego I. Meza

, 2012 : 4). In this line, academics should delve deeper into research and analysis of these new pedagogical ways of increasing resilience in vulnerable environments, and their relationship to each context, given humanitarianism could give the ‘appearance of success no matter what’ ( Sözer, 2019 : 15). Methods This research is based on the qualitative paradigm from a hermeneutical perspective since it tries to explain a phenomenon from existing or emerging concepts ( Gray, 2004 : 9) and also because it has allowed me to flexibly use various data sources. Thus

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
From Kant to Nietzsche

In 1796 a German politico-philosophical manifesto proclaims the 'highest act of reason' as an 'aesthetic act'. The ways in which this transformation relates to the development of some of the major directions in modern philosophy is the focus of this book. The book focuses on the main accounts of the human subject and on the conceptions of art and language which emerge within the Kantian and post-Kantian history of aesthetics. Immanuel Kant's main work on aesthetics, the 'third Critique', the Critique of Judgement, forms part of his response to unresolved questions which emerge from his Critique of Pure Reason and Critique of Practical Reason. The early Romantics, who, after all, themselves established the term, can be characterized in a way which distinguishes them from later German Romanticism. The 'Oldest System Programme of German Idealism', is a manifesto for a new philosophy and exemplifies the spirit of early Idealism, not least with regard to mythology. The crucial question posed by the Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling of the System of Transcendental Idealism (STI) is how art relates to philosophy, a question which has recently reappeared in post-structuralism and in aspects of pragmatism. Despite his undoubted insights, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel's insufficiency in relation to music is part of his more general problem with adequately theorising self-consciousness, and thus with his aesthetic theory. Friedrich Schleiermacher argues in the hermeneutics that interpretation of the meaning of Kunst is itself also an 'art'. The book concludes with a discussion on music, language, and Romantic thought.

Understanding perceptions of Muslims in the news

This book considers how the coverage of Islam and Muslims in the press informs the thoughts and actions of non-Muslims. As media plays an important role in society, analysing its influence(s) on a person’s ideas and conceptualisations of people with another religious persuasion is important. News reports commonly feature stories discussing terrorism, violence, the lack of integration and compatibility, or other unwelcome or irrational behaviour by Muslims and Islam. Yet there is little research on how non-Muslims actually engage with, and are affected by, such reports. To address this gap, a content and discourse analysis of news stories was undertaken; verbal narratives or thoughts and actions of participants were then elicited using interviews and focus groups. The participant accounts point towards the normativity of news stories and their negotiated reception patterns. Individual orientations towards the media as an information source proved to be a significant factor behind the importance of news reports, with individually negotiated personal encounters with Muslims or Islam further affecting the meaning-making process. Participants negotiated media reports to fit their existing outlook on Islam and Muslims. This outlook was constructed through, and simultaneously supported by, news reports about Muslims and Islam. The findings suggest a co-dependency and co-productivity between news reports and participant responses. This research clearly shows that participant responses are (re)productions of local and personal contextuality, where the consequences of socially constructed depictions of Islam and Muslims engage rather than influence individual human thoughts and actions.

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Marlow, realism, hermeneutics
Paul Wake

Introduction: Marlow, realism, hermeneutics To a teacher of languages there comes a time when the world is but a place of many words and man appears a mere talking animal not much more wonderful than a parrot. (Joseph Conrad, Under Western Eyes) Marlow, realism, hermeneutics Charlie Marlow, whose forename is given on only two occasions, is the most celebrated of Conrad’s narrator-characters. Variously described as ‘not in the least typical’, ‘the average pilgrim’, a ‘wanderer’, and ‘a Buddha preaching in European clothes’, Marlow is the voice behind ‘Youth

in Conrad’s Marlow