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Carolyn Steedman

The Ridiculous Historian’s Hopes207 9 The Ridiculous Historian’s Hopes Gracious exterior, but the rooms are small and mean and so papered over with secrets that even their shape is uncertain, but it is the shape of the past: no love, no extra credit, not even civility from these shades. Do they even see you? They were so anxious for you to be there, once, in the playground of what was happening to them. Messages were bright then, hats undoffed, manners fresh and cool, like a seasonable day in early spring. The glancing rivulets in the gutters struck a note

in Poetry for historians
Abstract only
Anna Green and Kathleen Troup

Marxist theory has generated a very large body of historical writing around the globe, and includes a wide range of subjects, from world history and the struggles for independence by colonized nations, to the world of work, labour relations, working class organizations and communities, and the poor. This chapter will outline the materialist conception of history, commonly known as historical materialism, first developed by Karl Marx (1818–83). It will then focus upon three important dimensions of historical materialism in the work of Marxist historians: the

in The houses of history
The question of evidence
Christine Choo

Since the 1992 Mabo decision and the passing of the Commonwealth Native Title Act in 1993 historians have become increasingly involved in the native title process. Not only are historians being engaged to gather and organize historical information to assist in the preparation of native title claims both by the applicants and by the respondents

in Law, history, colonialism
Susan Royal

these dissenters certainly differs from that of modern historians. The lollards were ripe for appropriation by early evangelicals, mainly on the basis of shared beliefs. The lollard favour of vernacular Scriptures and rejection of transubstantiation, auricular confession, and pilgrimages have been mentioned already; sixteenth-century reformers also would have recognised lollard appeals against images and the veneration of saints, as well as calls for the reform of the clergy. The movement Wyclif started also repudiated clerical celibacy

in Lollards in the English Reformation
A necessary dialogue

The substantive and methodological contributions of professional historians to development policy debates was marginal, whether because of the dominance of economists or the inability of historians to contribute. There are broadly three ways in which history matters for development policy. These include insistence on the methodological principles of respect for context, process and difference; history is a resource of critical and reflective self-awareness about the nature of the discipline of development itself; and history brings a particular kind of perspective to development problems . After establishing the key issues, this book explores the broad theme of the institutional origins of economic development, focusing on the cases of nineteenth-century India and Africa. It demonstrates that scholarship on the origins of industrialisation in England in the late eighteenth century suggests a gestation reaching back to a period during which a series of social institutional innovations were pioneered and extended to most citizens of England. The book examines a paradox in China where an emphasis on human welfare characterized the rule of the eighteenth-century Qing dynasty, and has been demonstrated in modern-day China's emphasis on health and education. It provides a discussion on the history of the relationship between ideology and policy in public health, sanitation in India's modern history and the poor health of Native Americans. The book unpacks the origins of public education, with a focus on the emergency of mass literacy in Victorian England and excavates the processes by which colonial education was indigenized throughout South-East Asia.

Editor: Herman Paul

What makes a good historian? When historians raise this question, as they have done for centuries, they often do so to highlight that certain personal attitudes or dispositions are indispensable for studying the past. Yet their views on what virtues, skills or competencies historians need most differ remarkably, as do their models of how to be a historian (‘scholarly personae’). This volume explores why scholarly personae were, and are, so important to historians as to generate lots of debate. Why do historians seldom agree on the marks of a good historian? What impact do these disagreements have on historical research, teaching and outreach? And what does this tell about the unity, or disunity, of the field called historical studies? In addressing these questions, How to be a historian develops a fascinating new perspective on the history of historiography. It challenges conventional narratives of professionalization by demonstrating that the identity of the ‘professional’ was often contested. At the same time, it shows that personae could be remarkably stable, especially in relation to race, class and gender assumptions. With chapters by Monika Baár, Ian Hunter, Q. Edward Wang and other recognized specialists, How to be a historian covers historical studies across Europe, North America, Africa and East Asia, throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, in liberal democracies and authoritarian regimes alike. The volume will appeal not only to readers of historiography, but to all historians who occasionally wonder: what kind of a historian do I want to be?

The English Revolution debate of 1940–41
Sina Talachian

how to be a historian Chapter 8 The emergence of the English Marxist historian’s scholarly persona: the English Revolution debate of 1940–41 Sina Talachian Introduction Otto Sibum and Lorraine Daston define a persona as ‘a cultural identity that simultaneously shapes the individual in body and mind and creates a collective with a shared and recognizable physiognomy... creatures of historical circumstance; they emerge and disappear within specific contexts’.1 The Marxist historian is one such persona or social species which emerged within specific contexts

in How to be a historian
Negotiating scholarly personae in UNESCO’s General History of Africa
Larissa Schulte Nordholt

how to be a historian Chapter 10 What is an African historian? Negotiating scholarly personae in UNESCO’s General History of Africa Larissa Schulte Nordholt Introduction Scholarly personae have been studied, so far, almost exclusively in European and North-American contexts. Given the recent ‘global’ turn in historiography and the social dynamics of in- and exclusion present in the history of historiography, this is remarkable.1 This chapter therefore aims to study the emergence of African history as a (sub-)discipline in the second half of the twentieth

in How to be a historian
On the origins of a permanent conflict
Ian Hunter

Chapter 1 The contested persona of the historian: on the origins of a permanent conflict Ian Hunter Introduction In the 1820s, the universities of Protestant Germany witnessed an unprecedented conflict over the nature of historical writing and what it meant to be a historian. That this conflict remains as unresolved today as it did when the first academic salvoes were fired is one of its several remarkable features. Standing on one side of this conflict, the source-critical empirical historiography of Leopold von Ranke and his school reached back into

in How to be a historian
S.J. Barnett

Historians, religion and the historical record 2 Historians, religion and the historical record The origins of Enlightenment anticlericalism The politico-religious convulsions across Europe from the Reformation until the eighteenth century were numerous and bloody. The resulting religious divisions were enshrined in confessional states, but, as with the cases of Protestant England and Catholic France, religious minorities remained persecuted and disabled. It would have been truly miraculous if many Christians had not wearied of the constant conflict between

in The Enlightenment and religion