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A critical reader in history and theory, second edition
Authors: Anna Green and Kathleen Troup

Every piece of historical writing has a theoretical basis on which evidence is selected, filtered, and understood. This book explores the theoretical perspectives and debates that are generally acknowledged to have been the most influential within the university-led practice of history over the past century and a half. It advises readers to bear in mind the following four interlinked themes: context, temporal framework, causation or drivers of change, and subjectivities. The book outlines the principles of empiricism, the founding epistemology of the professional discipline, and explores the ways in which historians have challenged and modified this theory of knowledge over the past century and a half. It then focuses upon three important dimensions of historical materialism in the work of Marxist historians: the dialectical model at the basis of Marx's grand narrative of human history; the adaptations of Marxist theory in Latin America; and the enduring question of class consciousness. The use of psychoanalysis in history, the works of Annales historians and historical sociology is discussed next. The book also examines the influence of two specific approaches that were to be fertile ground for historians: everyday life and symbolic anthropology, and ethnohistory. The roles of narrative, gender history, radical feminism, poststructuralism and postcolonial history are also discussed. Finally, the book outlines the understandings about the nature of memory and remembering, and looks at key developments in the analysis and interpretation of oral histories and oral traditions.

British policies, practices and representations of naval coercion

The suppression of the Atlantic slave trade has puzzled nineteenth-century contemporaries and historians. The British Empire turned naval power and moral outrage against a branch of commerce it had done so much to promote. This book deals with the British Royal Navy's suppression of the Atlantic slave trade. It traces the political debates which framed policies for the British state's waning but unbroken commitment to slave-trade suppression. If protectionists failed to stop free trade and anti-coercionists failed to withdraw the cruisers, then they did both succeed in reshaping domestic debates to support labour coercion. The book examines details of the work of the navy's West Africa Squadron which have been passed over in earlier narrative accounts. The liberty afforded to the individuals who entered as apprentices into Sierra Leone cannot be clearly distinguished from the bonded labour awaiting them had their enslavers completed the voyage to the Americas. The experiences of sailors and Africans ashore and on ship often stand in contrast to contemporaneous representations of naval suppression. Comparison of the health of African and European sailors serving on the West Africa Station provides insight into the degree to which naval medicine was racialised. The book discusses the anti-slave trade squadron's wider, cultural significance, and its role in the shaping of geographical knowledge of West Africa. It charts the ways in which slave-trade suppression in the Atlantic Ocean was represented in material culture, and the legacy of this commemoration for historical writing and public memory in the subsequent 200 years.

Ninth-Century Histories, Volume I
Author: Janet L. Nelson

This book presents a rough translation of the Annals of St-Bertin (AB). The AB give a detailed record of events in the Carolingian world, covering the years 830-882. They constitute the most substantial piece of contemporary historical writing of their time, a time that was a critical one in western European history. The AB contain uniquely extensive information about Viking activities, constructive as well as destructive, and also about the variety of responses to those activities. Produced in the 830s in the imperial palace of Louis the Pious, the AB were continued away from the Court, first by Bishop Prudentius of Troyes, then by the great scholar-politician Archbishop Hincmar of Rheims. The AB have little information for the year 840 after the death of Louis the Pious, and something like the earlier density of reporting is resumed only with the battle of Fontenoy. From 841 on, the AB were based in the western part of the old empire, in what became, with the Treaty of Verdun in 843, the kingdom of Charles the Bald. Thus the division of Verdun is, again, faithfully reflected in the AB's record. From time to time, information was received from Lothar's Middle Kingdom, and from Louis the German's East Frankish kingdom; but the AB's main focus after 843 was on events in the West and on the doings of Charles the Bald.

Joanna de Groot

, his liberal political ideals and assumptions and the practice of historical writing for wide audiences, made affordable by that subsidy. Like his earlier work on European expansion, on histories of the British empire/commonwealth, and on contemporary politics, it linked democratic politics and liberties with western dominance, arguing that the convergence of ‘liberty’ and ‘civilisation’ in Europe was ‘to give vitality to western civilisation and ultimately to win for it the leadership of the world’. While this view was explicitly posed against the ‘totalitarian

in Empire and history writing in Britain c.1750–2012
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Leonie Hannan and Sarah Longair

) location and/or credit line for institution/photographer Also consider including: materials technique dimensions OBJECTS IN HISTORICAL WRITING Essays and dissertations There are many guides to the writing of history for students and other writers and we will not replicate these thorough studies here. The first guide in this series, Using Film as a Source (2015) by Sian Barber, for example, gives an excellent overview of general matters of form and style in writing history

in History through material culture
Matthew Kempshall

genres of ‘historicalwriting, the reception of Aristotle, and the emergence of a ‘Renaissance’ sense of the past), all of which are alleged to have culminated in the super­ session of ‘the medieval’ by, as ever, ‘the modern’. The twelfth century In the course of the twelfth century, both the meaning and the importance of the study of history were influenced by the emergence of an approach to biblical exegesis which placed renewed emphasis on the literal sense of Scripture, as a truth to be uncovered in its own right, rather than as a superficial level to be skipped

in Rhetoric and the writing of history, 400 –1500
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Jeremy Tambling

for Freud of time and space within the dream ( SE 5.408). The reversal is also of cause and effect: dreams, as anachronistic and anachoristic, disallow narrative causality. Anachronism and historical writing For Peter Burke, anachronism as a concept was created within, and informed, the Renaissance. 16 Thomas Greene argues that the

in On anachronism
Janet L. Nelson

wills, based on pacta sinceritas , agreed straightforwardness, which had overcome private and sectional interests. Its self-referential concern with consensus politics echoed that of a work that Hincmar had read at the court of Louis the Pious, Adalard of Corbie’s De ordine palatii . 10 Hincmar was the capitulary’s probable author. Later, when he archived it and cited it, he used it as retrospective commentary on his own life and the life of the realm. The second capitulary that can, at a stretch, be categorised as historical writing was

in Hincmar of Rheims
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Conversations about empire and history writing
Joanna de Groot

the course of this investigation of historical writing in the UK since 1750 is the presence of multiple voices, not all of which speak of imperial connections, and not all to the same extent or with the same clarity or the same accent. Over time the diversity of voices has increased with the enlargement of the forms and audiences for history writing. The professionalisation of historical research and writing and the growth of the study of ‘history’ in schools and post-school education established a demand for texts and specialists. As history texts came to be used

in Empire and history writing in Britain c.1750–2012
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Physician-publics, citizen-audiences and a half-century of health-care debates in Canada
Sasha Mullally and Greg Marchildon

and outside Saskatchewan, and as such has engaged historians’ attention since the 1980s. This historiography is dominated by public policy analyses, and is undeveloped insofar as social and cultural history is concerned. The interaction between the public and audiences over the 1962 strike illuminates the ways that cultural engagement through historical writing shaped debates about Medicare within the public sphere. For the focus, especially

in Communicating the history of medicine