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Anna Green and Kathleen Troup

Over the past thirty to forty years, many theorists have agreed that a sociology that explains as well as describes must be a historical sociology. Philip Abrams went so far as to call historical sociology ‘the essence of the discipline’, arguing that it is ‘almost natural to the modern Western mind’ to explain the contemporary world at least partly in historical terms. 1 What is historical sociology? Theda Skocpol listed four characteristics of historical sociological studies: ‘They ask questions about social structures or processes understood to be

in The houses of history
A critical reader in history and theory, second edition
Authors: Anna Green and Kathleen Troup

Every piece of historical writing has a theoretical basis on which evidence is selected, filtered, and understood. This book explores the theoretical perspectives and debates that are generally acknowledged to have been the most influential within the university-led practice of history over the past century and a half. It advises readers to bear in mind the following four interlinked themes: context, temporal framework, causation or drivers of change, and subjectivities. The book outlines the principles of empiricism, the founding epistemology of the professional discipline, and explores the ways in which historians have challenged and modified this theory of knowledge over the past century and a half. It then focuses upon three important dimensions of historical materialism in the work of Marxist historians: the dialectical model at the basis of Marx's grand narrative of human history; the adaptations of Marxist theory in Latin America; and the enduring question of class consciousness. The use of psychoanalysis in history, the works of Annales historians and historical sociology is discussed next. The book also examines the influence of two specific approaches that were to be fertile ground for historians: everyday life and symbolic anthropology, and ethnohistory. The roles of narrative, gender history, radical feminism, poststructuralism and postcolonial history are also discussed. Finally, the book outlines the understandings about the nature of memory and remembering, and looks at key developments in the analysis and interpretation of oral histories and oral traditions.

Visual Advocacy in the Early Decades of Humanitarian Cinema
Valérie Gorin

( Berkeley : University of California Press ), pp. 176 – 204 . Laycock , J. and Piana , F. ( 2020 ), Aid to Armenia: Humanitarianism and Intervention from the 1890s to the Present ( Manchester : Manchester University Press ). Mahood , L. and Satzewich , V. ( 2009 ), ‘ The Save the Children Fund and the Russian Famine of 1921–23: Claims and Counter-Claims about Feeding “Bolshevik” Children ’, Journal of Historical Sociology , 22 : 1 , 55 – 83 . Marshall , D. ( 1999 ), ‘ The Construction of Children as an

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Insights from 'Africa's World War'

Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making addresses debates on liberal peace and the policies of peacebuilding through a theoretical and empirical study of resistance in peacebuilding contexts. Examining the case of ‘Africa’s World War’ in the DRC, it locates resistance in the experiences of war, peacebuilding and state-making by exploring discourses, violence and everyday forms of survival as acts that attempt to challenge or mitigate such experiences. The analysis of resistance offers a possibility to bring the historical and sociological aspects of both peacebuilding and the case of the DRC, providing new nuanced understanding of these processes and the particular case.

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Shaping the body-politic via institutional charisma
Armando Salvatore

historical sociology, supplemented by a critique and reconstruction of categories of Western social theory. One of the primary fields of historical sociology concerns how the modern state has emerged and taken form since the Late Middle Ages. This chapter approaches the concept of ‘political theology’ through the analysis of the influence of religious knowledge and symbols on state-formation. My approach does not consist in applying general theory, whether Whiggish or less so, to Asian Islamicate cases. I am rather going the opposite path. Even if tentatively referring to

in Political theologies and development in Asia
Open Access (free)
The emergence of the British Labour Party
Rhiannon Vickers

appreciated, but they and the party they created were marked by Britain’s position in the world. Britain had been the first state to industrialise, and this too affected Labour’s outlook and its perception of itself as a world player in the international socialist and trade union movements. This chapter starts by giving a brief introduction to the international context within which the Labour Party emerged in terms of Britain’s role in the world, before turning to the historical sociology of the development of the Labour Party itself. Britain’s role in the world British

in The Labour Party and the world, volume 1
Jeremy C.A. Smith

in this register of analysis. The Axial paradigm thus, refined, becomes a different lens through which to view and understand problems familiar to neo-​Weberian sociologists:  structural differentiation; coalescence and agency of intellectual elites; access to and participation in the decision-​making of states; religious schism and movements of protest; and social action shaped by the balance of worldly and transcendental religious ethics (Eisenstadt, 2002a: 256–​64). Questions about the historical sociology of Axial civilisations surfaced in the 1990s and

in Debating civilisations
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Barry Cannon

looking at the issues enumerated at the beginning of this introduction. In Chapter 1 , a central dispute in the theoretical literature on populism will be examined which is that between what one analyst, Kenneth Roberts termed the ‘historical/sociological perspective’ of Germani and others, and the ‘ideological perspective’ of Laclau. 14 Central to Germani’s theories was the belief that modernisation processes formed the context in which populism emerged in Latin America. Furthermore, Germani argued that populism was essentially social democratising, in that it gives

in Hugo Chávez and the Bolivarian revolution
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Contesting veterinary knowledge in a pastoral community
Richard Waller and Kathy Homewood

economic effects of stock control and into the area of the historical sociology of knowledge, drawing on the growing literature on medicine and society for our comparisons. Taking the opening scene as our text, we focus on the interaction between vets and the Maasai of Kenya and Tanzania during and after the colonial period. We consider Maasai and Western veterinary thought and practice as the products of two

in Western medicine as contested knowledge
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Fabian Graham

. As the modern 4 Underworld tradition has evolved over approximately seven decades, the theoretical framework incorporates van der Veer’s ( 2016 ) ‘historical sociology’. That is, as “An anthropological perspective […] based on historical materials as well as fieldwork that raises new questions and highlights differential patterns and their causes” (van der Veer, 2016 : 9). Throughout the book, while carrying the analysis, the ethnographic narrative is intended to provide the reader with unique insights into the lived tradition and into

in Voices from the Underworld