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Managing madness in early nineteenth-century asylums

An archaeology of lunacy examines the historic lunatic asylum from an interdisciplinary perspective, employing methods drawn from archaeology, social geography, and history to create a holistic view of the built heritage of the asylum as a distinctive building type. In the popular imagination, historic lunatic asylums were dark, monolithic, and homogenous, instruments for social confinement and punishment. This book aims to redress this historical reputation, showing how the built environment and material worlds of lunatic asylums were distinctive and idiosyncratic – and highly regional. They were also progressive spaces and proving grounds of architectural experimentation, where the reformed treatment practices known as moral management were trialled and refined. The standing remains of the nineteenth-century lunatic asylum system represent a unique opportunity to study a building-type in active transition, both materially and ideologically. When they were constructed, asylums were a composite of reform ideals, architectural materials, and innovative design approaches. An archaeological study of these institutions can offer a materially focused examination of how the buildings worked on a daily basis. This study combines critical analysis of the architecture, material remains, and historical documentary sources for lunatic asylums in England and Ireland. Students and scholars of later historical archaeology and built heritage will find the book a useful overview of this institutional site type, while historians of medicine will find the focus on interior design and architecture of use. The general public, for whom asylums frequently represent shadowy ruins or anonymous redevelopments, may be interested in learning more about the buildings.

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Chinese representation at the Venice Biennale (1993–2003)
Estelle Bories

’. Here the choice to revisit the evolution of the inner courtyard – which was typical of Chinese architecture – was seen as a means of revisting everyday life in China in a very concrete way, notably the imposition of the common dining room after 1949. This practice, banned since the 1980s, allowed the return of more individualised architectural forms. This made clear that the great history of architecture was not what interested Jun Jiang. Instead, the exhibition focused on the practices of recycling, and the awareness of the transitory, which structured the history

in Art, Global Maoism and the Chinese Cultural Revolution
From Tarragona to Córdoba
Fernando Marías

ideological or religious bias. To this end, he attempted to compose a history of architecture that took into account ‘the specific mode of building’ (‘el modo particular de las fábricas’) of the Romans, Goths and Arabs, while remaining aware of the problems posed by imitation, reuse and stylistic appropriation. This awareness led him to state that los godos imitaron algo de los romanos [en el modo particular de las fábricas]: aunque también ellos, metieron en España el modo de edificar que llamamos Moderno o Gótico, diferenciándose de las órdenes que tuvieron Griegos y

in Local antiquities, local identities
Sophia Cross

history of architecture. 6 A loyalist mural on the Donegall Pass, Belfast Let us explore the country house-flag analogy further. The opening passage of Lucy Bryson and Clem McCartney’s book Clashing Symbols clarifies the

in Cultural identities and the aesthetics of Britishness
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Kathleen Christian and Bianca de Divitiis

of a local medieval tradition, which often made the introduction of all’antica styles unnecessary. In the history of architecture, the existence of a Renaissance style can no longer be identified exclusively with the use of classical orders. Likewise, responses to all’antica culture varied widely across Europe as a result of specific political conditions of cities and regions, local conceptions of the ancient past as well as the strength of medieval traditions. In southern Italy in the fifteenth century, antiquarian culture drew upon not only the large quantity of

in Local antiquities, local identities
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A new apology for the builder
Conor Lucey

, built by Jacob Vogdes, carpenter, 1810–​12. common to building producers in cities across the Atlantic world between 1750 and 1830 –​widely recognized as a period of critical transformation in histories of architecture in Britain and its colonies. Bookended by the beginning of the modern era in architectural design at mid-​century and by the absolute division between ‘architecture’ and ‘building’ at the end of the Georgian era, these date parameters also embrace the birth and efflorescence of neoclassicism (the first self-​consciously ‘modern’ architectural style

in Building reputations
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The difference a crisis makes
Josef W. Konvitz

categories, resembling the standard of comfort and the level of respect accorded the passengers in three classes on pre-1945 trains. It is not just that 1989 introduced a new periodization in western history, demarcating a new “before-and-after” date similar to 1914 or 1945; the reunification of Europe meant that much twentieth-century history had to be revised in the light of what could be learned and understood after 1989 about the period between 1933 and 1989. For example, the history of architecture in the twentieth century written in the postwar era gave far greater

in Cities and crisis
Reconceptualising British landscapes through the lens of children’s cinema
Suzanne Speidel

Catherine Spooner and Emma McEvoy (eds), The Routledge Companion to the Gothic (Abingdon: Routledge, 2007), pp. 73–​82; p. 78. 10 See Banister Fletcher, A History of Architecture (London: Athlone Press, University of London, 18th edition, 1975), p. 613. British landscapes through the lens of children's cinema 147 11 See David Bland, The Illustration of Books (London: Faber and Faber, 1962), p. 72; John Harthan, The History of the Illustrated Book (London:  Thames and Hudson, 1981), p. 201. 12 Higson, ‘ “Britain’s outstanding contribution to the film” ’, p. 77. 13

in British rural landscapes on film
Jesse Adams Stein

exploration. Architecture and rumour The histories of architecture and design need not always centre upon facts. Sometimes the more revelatory elements can be how people thought the design process occurred. Rumour and anecdote have a significant role in collective design knowledge, as the following example demonstrates. One piece of information that I frequently encountered in my interviews with print-workers was that the Gov’s building was originally based on plans for a hospital. Seven interview participants discussed the hospital idea, although the matter was consigned

in Hot metal
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Leif Jerram

18/10/07 10:03 Page 18 Germany’s other modernity Interpretation in the History of Architecture’, History and Theory 45 (2006), pp. 153–177. Much more interesting are the possibilities opened up by Thomas Gieryn in ‘What Buildings Do’, Theory and Society 31 (2002), pp. 35–74. Panayotis Tournikiotis, The Historiography of Modern Architecture (Cambridge, MA, 2001). Mitchell Schwarzer, ‘History and Theory in Architectural Journals: Assembling Oppositions’, Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 3 (1999), pp. 342–348. Mari Hvattum and Christian Hermansen

in Germany’s other modernity