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Poetry, science, and religion in the eighteenth century

Perception and analogy explores ways of seeing scientifically in the eighteenth century. It discusses literary, theological, and didactic texts alongside popular works on astronomy, optics, ophthalmology, and the body to demonstrate how readers are prompted to take on a range of perspectives in their acquisition of scientific knowledge. With reference to topics from colour perception to cataract surgery, the book examines how sensory experience was conceptualised during the eighteenth century. It argues that by paying attention to the period’s documentation of perception as an embodied phenomenon we can better understand the creative methods employed by disseminators of diverse natural philosophical ideas. This book argues for the central role of analogy in conceptualising and explaining new scientific ideas. It centres on religious and topographical poetry by writers including James Thomson, Richard Blackmore, Mark Akenside, Henry Brooke, David Mallet, Elizabeth Carter, and Christopher Smart. Together with its readings of popular educational dialogues on scientific topics, the book also addresses how this analogical approach is reflected in material culture through objects – such as orreries, camera obscuras, and Aeolian harps – that facilitate acts of perception and tactile engagement within polite spaces. The book shows how scientific concepts become intertwined with Christian discourse through reinterpretations of origins and signs, the scope of the created universe, and the limits of embodied knowledge.

Allan Chapman

, considering the state of Ireland in the nineteenth century, that John W. Clerke came from a family of Protestant medical and legal people, while his wife, Catherine, was the daughter of the Roman Catholic Deasy family of brewers. Agnes and her siblings were devout Roman Catholics, while the Clerke and Deasy families appear to have lived on the closest and warmest terms with each other.) Agnes Clerke’s A Popular History of Astronomy in the Nineteenth Century,9 first published in 1885, should be understood in its nineteenthcentury context, when the word popular meant ‘no

in William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse
Rosalind Powell

connections to be made between the known and the unknown. In ‘The History of Astronomy’ (1795), Adam Smith describes ‘wonder’ as the natural response to a sequence of unknown or unexpected events; he suggests that this response vanishes when the imagination discerns ‘a connecting chain of intermediate events’ that explains such phenomena. ‘Who wonders at the machinery of the opera-house who has once been admitted behind the scenes?’ he asks in an echo of Fontenelle’s earlier analogy. 110 As a result of astronomical knowledge, then

in Perception and analogy
The relations of the 3rd Earl of Rosse with scientific institutions in Britain and Ireland
Simon Schaffer

to Earl of Rosse, 8 January 1855, Birr Castle Archives, K/2/5. Hoskin 1982: ‘The first drawing of a spiral nebula’, by Michael Hoskin, Journal of the History of Astronomy, 13, pp. 97–101. Hoskin 1989: ‘Astronomers at war: South v. Sheepshanks’, by Michael Hoskin, Journal of the History of Astronomy, 20, pp. 175–210. Hoskin 1990: ‘Rosse, Robinson, and the resolution of the nebulae’, by Michael Hoskin, Journal of the History of Astronomy, 21, pp. 331–44. Hyde 1987: ‘The calamity of the Great Melbourne telescope’, by W. Lewis Hyde, Proceedings of the Astronomical

in William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse
Florence D’Souza

quotes Adam Smith’s Essay on the History of Astronomy , in order to illustrate that despotism is a proof of low civilisation: 13 The opinion by which [Adam Smith] supports his disbelief in the ancient civilisation of Asia is at once philanthropic and profound. That ‘despotism [which prevailed over the East] is more destructive of leisure and

in Knowledge, mediation and empire
Wolfgang Steinicke

. 26–8. Ball R. 1895: Great Astronomers, by Robert S. Ball, Isaac Pitman, London. Ball V. 1915: Reminiscences and Letters of Sir Robert Ball, edited by Valentine Ball, Cassell, London. Bennett 1981: ‘The Rosse papers and instruments’, by Jim Bennett and Michael Hoskin, Journal for the History of Astronomy, 12, pp. 216–29. Mollan, William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse double column foonotes.indd 266 08/05/2014 10:39:56 Non-stellar objects and the development of nebular theories 267 Bennett 1990: Church, State and Astronomy in Ireland. 200 Years of Armagh Observatory

in William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse
Louise Hill Curth

Starre, Leading Wisemen unto Christ (London, 1649), sig. A4r; and R. Gell, A Sermon Touching Gods [sic] Government of the World by Angels (London, 1650), sig. B1r. 21 G. Wharton, 1653, sig. F8r. 22 D. Browne, 1615, sig. A2v; and J. Booker, 1645, sig. B4v. 23 A. Foulwether, 1591, sig. A8v; M. Aston, ‘The fiery trignon conjunction: an Elizabethan astrological prediction’, ISIS, 61 (1970), p. 160; J. North, The Fontana History of Astronomy and Cosmology (London, 1994), p. 264; H. Coley, 1682, sig. C5r; and P. Curry, Prophecy and Power, pp. 23, 27 and 33. 24 J. Booker

in English almanacs, astrology and popular medicine: 1550–1700
Open Access (free)
Brian J. Loasby

Sentiments, ed. Raphael, D. D. and Macfie, A. L., Oxford, Oxford University Press. Smith, A. (1980), ‘The principles which lead and direct philosophical enquiries; illustrated by the history of astronomy’, in Essays on Philosophical Subjects, ed. Wightman, W. P. D. and Bryce, J.C., Oxford, Oxford University Press, pp. 33–105. Smith, A. (1983), Lectures on Rhetoric and Belles Lettres, ed. Bryce, J. C., Oxford, Oxford University Press. Ziman, J. M. (1978), Reliable Knowledge, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

in Market relations and the competitive process
Abstract only
The limits of comedy
Robert Duggan

lovers, then burghers and merchants and vicars and doctors and lawyers. Then social realism: you. Then irony: me. Then maniacs and murderers, tramps, mobs, rabble, flotsam, vermin.’ She was looking at him. ‘And what would account for it?’ He sighed. ‘The history of astronomy. The history of astronomy is the history of increasing humiliation. First the geocentric universe, then the heliocentric universe. Then the eccentric universe – the one we’re living in. Every century we get smaller. Kant figured it all out, sitting in his armchair. What’s the phrase? The principle

in The grotesque in contemporary British fiction
Luz Elena Ramirez

and Lower Nubia’, Journal for the History of Astronomy , 36:3 (2005), 284–6. 44 Ancient Egyptian culture was – usually – polytheistic. Still, Ra's importance and association with the sun can be seen in the ubiquity of Ra iconography, a slender male figure with a sun disc atop a hawk head. In her chapter on the literature and religion of Egypt in Pharaohs, Fellahs, and Explorers , Edwards acknowledges the importance of Ra as a

in Victorian literary culture and ancient Egypt