Honour and dishonour
Brian Pullan

10 1 Women of lost honour: honour and dishonour ‘The woman who has lost her honour has lost all her glory and good’, wrote Matteo Bandello, the literary friar, diplomat, bishop and mover in courtly circles, who had begun in the 1550s to publish his vast collection of realistic short stories.1 Less learned people could express the same sentiment in much the same words, perhaps with some help from court notaries. Testifying in 1556 in a breach-of-promise case in the northern diocese of Feltre, a widow declared that she wished both parties well, but hoped the

in Tolerance, Regulation and Rescue
Spenser, Sidney, and the early modern chivalric code
Jean R. Brink

knightly service appear even more noble. Sir Henry served as a paradigm of honour for the next generation, of course for his sons, but also for Fulke Greville, Lodowick Bryskett, and very likely Edmund Spenser. Sir Henry Sidney was recalled from Ireland in March 1578, but, characteristically, did not leave Ireland until September. He had been given a seat on the Privy Council in 1575, and, when he returned from Ireland, he began to attend meetings

in The early Spenser, 1554–80
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Clara Duterme

Established during the Guatemalan Peace Process, the Oslo Accord contemplates the question of compensating the victims of internal armed conflict. Not only was this accord founded on the principles of victims rights, but it also intends to contribute to the democratic reconstruction of Guatemalan society through a process of recognition of victims status and memory – intended to have a reconciling function. The article focuses on the work of two organisations implementing the Oslo Accord and aims to analyse the discourses and practices of the local actors and their perception of the application of victims rights. Civil society actors and members of the National Compensation Programme demonstrate different approaches both in practical work and in representations of what is right. However, revendication of local cultural values is present in all actors discourse, revealing their ambiguous position in regard to state government.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
New legislative contexts for twentieth-century burial
Julie Rugg

churchyard in the cemetery Chancellor of St Paul’s Cathedral, declared in 1899: ‘we are casting into the great crucible of the present ferment all manner of time-honoured institutions’.17 Certainly, at the local level, the Act underlined a crucial shift in meaning: in 1902 it was acknowledged that ‘“parishioner” now meant a ratepayer in a given locality, not a member of a Church in a given area’.18 At the local level, the churchyard remained the responsibility of the vestry which retained the ancient offices of churchwarden and sexton. However, the Act fractured village

in Churchyard and cemetery
Loyalty and protest in Māori politics in nineteenth-century New Zealand
Michael Belgrave

political and no military consequences. Pākehā often only saw what they wanted to see: contented natives, grateful for the gifts brought to them from afar. In 1887, as part of the Golden Jubilee celebrations at Kaiapoi, north of Christchurch, Wiremu Nahiere of Ngāi Tahū was reported in the Evening Post as concluding his speech with, ‘We rejoice to honour the Queen, for she is a

in Mistress of everything
Dishonoured women and abandoned children in Italy, 1300–1800
Author: Brian Pullan

This book seeks to contribute to Italian social history and to deepen understanding of Catholic charity and social policy in past times. It focuses on two groups of disreputable (or at least tarnished) women and children and on the arrangements made to discipline and care for them, both by public authorities and by voluntary organisations and would-be benefactors. The first group consisted of prostitutes, concubines, single mothers, estranged wives, and girls in moral danger. The second was composed of children, many born outside wedlock, who were abandoned by their blood parents, out of shame or poverty or both. A synoptic survey, the book examines the complications involved in the tolerance and regulation of activities considered bad but impossible to suppress. Could licensed prostitution be used as a lesser evil to counter supposedly greater abuses, such as sodomy, adultery or concubinage, and to protect ‘decent’ women? Could child abandonment be tamed and used against the greater evils of infanticide or abortion, to preserve the honour of women who had borne illegitimate children and to save fragile lives? And what should be done to protect and rescue the victims of sexual exploitation and children separated from their natural mothers?

Andrew Atherstone

William Tyndale, the Bible translator and Reformation martyr, enjoyed a sudden revival of interest in the mid-nineteenth century. This article examines one important aspect of his Victorian rehabilitation – his memorialization in stone and bronze. It analyses the campaigns to,erect two monuments in his honour – a tower on Nibley Knoll in Gloucestershire, inaugurated in 1866; and a statue in central London, on the Thames Embankment, unveiled in 1884. Both enjoyed wide support across the political and ecclesiastical spectrum of Protestantism, and anti-Catholicism was especially prominent in the first initiative. Both monuments emphasized the blessings of the Bible in English, the importance of religious liberty, and the prosperity of England and the Empire as a result of its Reformation heritage. The article argues that controversy concerning Tractarianism and biblical criticism was brushed under the carpet, and Tyndales distinctive evangelical theology was deliberately downplayed, in order to present the martyr as a unifying figure attractive to a broad Protestant coalition.

Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Trevor Curnow

This article explores the origins and early development of the cult of Asclepius. Most of the relevant materials are found in classical literature, although archaeology can also help to shine some light on certain areas. Unsurprisingly, the origins of the cult are quite obscure. A number,of places in ancient Greece competed for the honour of being his birthplace, and there is no conclusive reason for deciding in favour of any of them. One thing that is constant in the stories told about him is that Apollo was usually his father. Another constant in the history of the cult is the practice of incubation. It seems likely that the cult brought together and combined elements of several healing cults that were originally quite separate. The cult emerged at the same time that Hippocratic medicine was developing. A new understanding of the nature of the soul, and the relationship between it and the body was also taking root. It is reasonable to believe that these facts are related, although harder to say exactly how.

Bulletin of the John Rylands Library