The Hindi horrorfilms of the Ramsay
In Shaitani ilaaka / Satan’s Circle (Kiran Ramsay, 1990) we are presented
with the murder of a man at the hands of a shape-shifting female. The
barely dressed woman walks into a room where a man is lying on a bed.
The camera, initially positioned behind and at a short distance from the
woman, slowly tracks in to take up her point of view. She hypnotises him,
has sex with him and finally kills him. We witness these actions as if through
the woman’s eyes. This sequence is typical of Hindi horror cinema, which
The Awakening (2011) and Development Practices in the British Film
This article reveals how screenwriter Stephen Volk‘s idea for a sequel to The
Innocents (1961, Jack Clayton) became, over the course of fifteen years, the British
horror film The Awakening (2011, Nick Murphy). It examines practitioner interviews to
reflect on creative labour in the British film industry, while also reorientating the
analysis of British horror film to the practices of pre-production, specifically
development. The research reveals that female protagonist Florence Cathcart was a
major problem for the project and demonstrates how the Florence character changed
throughout the development process. Repeatedly rewritten and ultimately restrained by
successive male personnel, her character reveals persistent, problematic perceptions
of gender in British horror filmmaking.
Horrorfilm, like all Gothic
narratives, 1 is
predominantly concerned with representations and negotiations of the
family, its values and ideologies. In an illuminating generalization,
the film scholar Tony Williams even suggests that ‘all horrorfilms, in one way or the other, are family horrorfilms
The late twentieth century saw growing number of articles and books appearing on new national gothic; however, the wider context for this had not really been addressed. This collection of essays explores an emerging globalgothic useful for all students and academics interested in the gothic, in international literature, cinema, and cyberspace, presenting examples of globalgothic in the 21st-century forms. It analyses a global dance practice first performed in Japan, Ankoku butoh, and surveys the ways in which Indigenous cultures have been appropriated for gothic screen fictions. To do this, it looks at the New Zealand television series on Maori mythologies, Mataku. The unlocated 'vagabonds' of Michel Faber's "The Fahrenheit Twins" are doubles (twins) of a gothic trajectory as well as globalgothic figures of environmental change. The book considers the degree to which the online vampire communities reveal cultural homogenisation and the imposition of Western forms. Global culture has created a signature phantasmagoric spatial experience which is uncanny. Funny Games U.S. (2008) reproduces this process on the material level of production, distribution and reception. The difference between the supposedly 'primitive' local associated with China and a progressive global city associated with Hong Kong is brought out through an analysis of cannibal culture. In contemporary Thai horror films, the figure of horror produced is neither local nor global but simultaneously both. The book also traces the development, rise and decline of American gothic, and looks at one of the central gothic figures of the twenty-first century: the zombie.
This article examines the post-millennial popularity of the found footage movie, in particular its engagement with the representational codes of non-fiction media. Whilst the majority of critical writings on found footage identify the 11 September attacks on the World Trade Centre as a key visual referent, they too often dwell on the literal re-enactment of the event. This article instead suggests that these films evoke fear by mimicking the aesthetic and formal properties of both mainstream news coverage and amateur recording. As such they create both ontological and epistemological confusion as to the reality of the events depicted. Rather than merely replicating the imagery of terror/ism, these films achieve their terrifying effects by mimicking the audiences media spectatorship of such crisis.
The history of horrorfilm is full
of adaptations that draw upon fiction or folklore, or have assumed the
shape of remakes of preexisting films. From its earliest days, horrorfilm has turned to examples of the horror genre in fiction (such as the
Victorian Gothic) or legend (as diverse as classical mythology, biblical
stories or the ‘The Golem’ from Yiddish folklore) for source
Discussion of the horror film fanzine culture of the 1980s and early 1990s has been
dominated by an emphasis on questions around the politics of taste, considerations of
subcultural capital and cultism in fan writing, and processes of cultural distinction
and the circulation of forms of capital. Sconce‘s concept of paracinema has come to
shape the conceptual approach to fanzines. The aim of this article is to refocus
attention on other areas of fanzine production, providing a more nuanced and richer
historicisation of these publications and the ways they contributed to the
circulation, reception and consumption of European horror film. Focusing on the
fanzine European Trash Cinema (1988–98) I propose a return to the actual cultural
object – the printed zine – examining the networks of producers converging around,
and writing about, Eurohorror films and related European trash cinematic forms, as
well as the contents within the publication itself.
European horror films have often been characterised by a tendency towards
co-production arrangements. Recent developments within regional European funding
bodies and initiatives have led to a proliferation of films that combine traditional
co-production agreements with the use of both regional and intra-regional funding
sources. This article examines the extent to which the financial structuring of
Creep(Christopher Smith, 2004), Salvage (Lawrence Gough), and Trollhunter (André
Øvredal, 2010) informed the trajectory of their production dynamics, impacting upon
their final form. Sometimes, such European horror films are part of complex
co-production deals with multiple partners or are derived from one-off funding
project. But they can also utilise funding schemes that are distinctly local.
Beginning from a consideration of some ideas on aesthetics deriving from R. G.
Collingwood, this essay sets Dreyer‘s Vampyr beside Fulcis The Beyond. The article
then goes on to suggest something of the nature of the horror film, at least as
exemplified by these two works, by placing them against the background of certain
poetic procedures associated with the post-symbolist poetry of T. S. Eliot.
The new wave of Korean cinema has presented a series of distinct genre productions, which are influenced by contemporary Japanese horror cinema and traditions of the Gothic. Ahn Byeong-ki is one of Korea‘s most notable horror film directors, having made four Gothic horrors between 2000 and 2006. These transnational horrors, tales of possession and avenging forces, have repeatedly been drawn to issues of modernity, loneliness, identity, gender, and suicide. Focusing on the figure of the ghostly woman, and the horrors of modern city life in Korea, this essay considers the style of filmmaking employed by Ahn Byeong-ki in depicting, in particular, the Gothic revelation.