This book provides a broad-ranging and accessible coverage of the role of noble women in medieval England. Throughout the Middle Ages the men and women of the nobility and gentry occupied a position at the top of the social hierarchy. Marriage for noble and gentry children was arranged by their families, with the participation on occasion of their lords and of the king, and it was relatively rare for the children themselves to take matters into their own hands. As with marriage, the woman's relationship to her husband and children has to be seen within the framework of canon and common law, the Church being concerned with the marriage itself, and the royal courts with property. The crucial importance of land as the source of wealth for noble and gentry society has been underlined in the discussion of both marriage and the family. Women's landholding is well documented, the amount of land in their hands varying according to the accidents of birth and fortune. The household was the centre and hub of the lady's life and activities, and can be regarded as a community in its own right. Men and women of the nobility and gentry living in the world were encouraged to practise their religion through attendance at Mass, private prayer on behalf of themselves and the dead, works of charity, pilgrimage, and material support of the Church. Although many women's lives followed a conventional pattern, great variety existed within family relationships, and individuality can also be seen in religious practices and patronage. Piety could take a number of different forms, whether a woman became a nun, a vowess or a noted philanthropist and benefactor to religious institutions.
c . 1241; he emphasised that the tone of the household was set
by the lady who was in overall charge. Most knowledge of the household
is derived from householdaccounts and wills; householdaccounts are
found in the 1180s and become more numerous after c . 1250. The
term covers a wide variety of records, all throwing light on different
This book analyses Anna of Denmark’s material and visual patronage at the Stuart
courts, examining her engagement with a wide array of expressive media including
architecture, garden design, painting, music, dress, and jewellery. Encompassing
Anna’s time in Denmark, England, and Scotland, it establishes patterns of
interest and influence in her agency, while furthering our knowledge of
Baltic-British transfer in the early modern period. Substantial archival work
has facilitated a formative re-conceptualisation of James and Anna’s
relationship, extended our knowledge of the constituents of consortship in the
period, and has uncovered evidence to challenge the view that Anna followed the
cultural accomplishments of her son, Prince Henry. This book reclaims Anna of
Denmark as the influential and culturally active royal woman that her
contemporaries knew. Combining politics, culture, and religion across the courts
of Denmark, Scotland, and England, it enriches our understanding of royal
women’s roles in early modern patriarchal societies and their impact on the
development of cultural modes and fashions. This book will be of interest to
upper level undergraduate and postgraduate students taking courses on early
modern Europe in the disciplines of Art and Architectural History, English
Literature, Theatre Studies, History, and Gender Studies. It will also attract a
wide range of academics working on early modern material and visual culture, and
female patronage, while members of the public who enjoy the history of courts
and the British royals will also find it distinctively appealing.
‘Childhood’  deposition of Eufemia the wife of John;
‘Law and custom’ , , [23a], .
Language: English. Translated from
Stevenson, ed., Report of the Manuscripts of Lord Middleton.
 Also, the Thursday, the 2nd
day of April [sic] to the women that gathered for Our Lady’s light
at Middleton, 4 d
Telling stories from the Cavendish financial accounts
Especially relevant here are Judith M. Spicksley, The Business and HouseholdAccounts of Joyce Jeffreys Spinster of Hereford 1638–48 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012); Whittle and Griffiths, Consumption and Gender; and outputs
from the project Producing Change: Gender and Work in Early Modern Europe,
https://producingchange.gla.ac.uk (accessed 13 June 2018). A summary that
compares quantitative and qualitative approaches to materiality, from which
this chapter benefits, is provided by Richardson, ‘Written texts’, especially,
Bess of Hardwick: new
. The longer, more detailed descriptions appear to
hint at the extent to which he was reflecting on the events of the
day, and perhaps his desire to record specific details.
The diaries are a sort of hybrid between a narrative
diary, a commonplace book and a householdaccount book. The volumes
are extremely personal and idiosyncratic documents; they contain
many abbreviations and although written in English, there are
occasional words and phrases in Latin. Occasionally sections are
crossed out, or notes
Kempston, and others…
Language: Latin. Translated from
Woolgar, ed., HouseholdAccounts from Medieval England.
[a] Diet account of Edmund Mortimer
on journey to Scotland. Date: 1378.
For a woman hired to find poultry
on several occasions, 14 d .
[b] Household and receiver
background against which to set practices empire-wide. The discussion then turns to a
close study of aspects of food, not only the ingredients and their preparation, but also a
broad range of activities involving labour input (mistress-servant interactions), costings
(householdaccounts and marketing) and presentation (the tableware, menus and the settings).
As food is sited within such a broad field it is logical to consider these elements
separately, whilst also being ever mindful that, as with all material practices, the meaning