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Image management in conflicts in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo
Julia Gallagher and V. Y. Mudimbe

decision-making on the type of intervention required in the east of Congo, thereby ensuring the FDLR’s survival. This was achieved discursively by appropriating externally created ‘strategic narratives’ about human insecurity and human rights abuses, including rape and sexual violence in the east of Congo and then, through the appropriation of these narratives, by weakening the legitimacy of FDLR enemies. There is a broad consensus in academia and international policy that armed groups use public relations (PR) to present themselves as legitimate

in Images of Africa

This book addresses some of the neglected problems, people and vulnerabilities of the Asia-Pacific region. It talks about emancipation, human security, 'security politics', language and threat-construction. The book is divided into three sections: agents; strategies and contexts; and futures. The first section outlines a range of possible agents or actors potentially capable of redressing individual suffering and vulnerability in the region. It examines East Asian regional institutions and dynamics of regionalism as potential sources of 'progressive' security discourses and practices. There is focus on the progressive security potential of regional institutions and regionalism has become increasingly prominent in literature on security in the Asia-Pacific. Two common interpretations of the role of epistemic communities in the construction of security are contested: that they are either passive sources of governmental legitimacy, or autonomous agents with the capacity of constructing or creating state interests. The second section reviews strategies and contexts, outlining a range of different sites of insecurity in the region, the ways in which dominant security discourses and practices emerge, and the extent to which such discourses are contested in different contexts. Indonesian government's approach to minority groups and separatism, the issue of civil unrest and human rights abuses in Burma, and the Australian government's attitude towards refugees and asylum-seekers are discussed. The third section deals with security futures, specifically discussing the question of what alternative security discourses and practices might look like. Finally, the book outlines a feminist critical security discourse and examines its applicability to the Asia-Pacific region.

Roxana Ferllini

This article presents an account of the involvement of forensic anthropology in the investigation of human rights abuses in the modern era, and the difficulties it faces with respect to lack of adequate funding, volatile settings, the presence of unexploded ordnance, corruption in governmental agencies and a lack of good will, absence of support for NGOs and the curtailment of formal judicial proceedings to effect transitional justice. Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan, Spain, Mexico and the Northern Triangle are provided as regional examples of the problems encountered when attempting to conduct forensic anthropological investigations to locate mass graves, retrieve victims and obtain proper identifications. Interventions by various organisations are highlighted to illustrate their assistance to forensic and non-forensic individuals through technical support, training and mentoring in the areas of crime-scene management and identification techniques. Interventions in mass-grave processing when state agencies have failed, the importance of DNA banks and information from family members and witnesses are also presented.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

rape is likely to occur regardless, what’s the answer? In the here and now, humanitarians have one, and must have one, whereas human rights advocates do not. They must remain silent, restate the law or compromise their principles, which for them looks like the legitimation of a crime. Isn’t the humane thing to do to hand over the condoms? But are you then complicit in a human rights abuse? This points to an important distinction – a political not a foundational distinction – between humanitarianism and human rights. It is difficult to see what

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Staff Security and Civilian Protection in the Humanitarian Sector
Miriam Bradley

agencies stay silent about humanitarian or human rights abuses’ ( Humanitarian Practice Network, 2010 : 68). The same arguments can be made about staff, and yet we consistently see public statements made in response to the killing of aid workers and not in response to the killing of other civilians. Negotiations with armed actors tell a similar story: they are deemed essential for staff security and operational access but only ‘nice to have’ for

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Dana Mills

wounds of individual hurt bodies, two themes explored throughout this book. Reading dance as enabling bottom-​up protests against human rights abuses as well as articulating equality where it is not yet recognised brings it into conversation with the theoretical limelight of the paradox of human rights as well as reading dance through the concept of sic-​ sensuous. I have highlighted throughout this book the concepts of dance as enduring beyond a single utterance (which I interpret as inscription) and dance as transformative for the dancing body and its relationship to

in Dance and politics
Memory, justice and post-conflict transition
Patricia Lundy and Mark McGovern

deal with ‘war crimes’ and past human rights abuses. This also gave memory a new social role. The attempt to universalise human rights through international law and a new regime of global governance in this post-Holocaust ‘epoch of trauma’ brought what the French philosopher Paul Ricoeur has called a ‘duty to remember’ to the centre of the stage.10 Post-conflict traumatic memories came to be seen as having ‘exemplary value’ not simply in themselves but when turned into a ‘project . . . directed toward the future’.11 The idea that memory has a future-focused social

in Northern Ireland after the troubles
The view of the socialist press
Andrew G. Bonnell

would have to be made that the German Social Democratic Party before 1914 was critical of German colonialism. The Social Democratic press constantly attacked the fiscal policy of the Reich, which relied on indirect consumption taxes falling heavily on the working class to finance a rapidly growing navy, increased army spending and other expenditure related to colonialism and Germany's imperial ambitions. Social Democratic politicians were also vocal in exposing human rights

in Savage worlds
Abstract only
Stephen Emerson and Hussein Solomon

addresses a range of empirical state capabilities, which are grounded in the concept of “positive sovereignty” or the state proactively providing for citizens’ needs. And while the concept of “state failure” or “failing states” is much debated among academics (and will not be resolved here), the consequences of such failure are all too real, especially in Africa. Endemic violence, ethnic and religious tensions, rampant human rights abuses, rising terrorism and crime, along with a lack of legitimacy and political inclusion, as well as an inability to exercise effective

in African security in the twenty-first century
Open Access (free)
Moving beyond boundaries
Author: Dana Mills

Dance has always been a method of self- expression for human beings. This book examines the political power of dance and especially its transgressive potential. Focusing on readings of dance pioneers Isadora Duncan and Martha Graham, Gumboots dancers in the gold mines of South Africa, the One Billion Rising movement using dance to protest against gendered violence, dabkeh in Palestine and dance as protest against human rights abuse in Israel, the Sun Dance within the Native American Crow tribe, the book focuses on the political power of dance and moments in which dance transgresses politics articulated in words. Thus the book seeks ways in which reading political dance as interruption unsettles conceptions of politics and dance.