The book is a comparative analysis of Scotland, Ireland and Wales’s participation in the English East India Company between c.1690 and c.1820. It explains the increasing involvement of individuals and networks from these societies in the London-based corporation which controlled contact between the early modern British and Irish Isles and one hemisphere of world trade. Scottish, Irish, and Welsh evidence is used to consider wider questions on the origins, nature and consequences of the early modern phase of globalisation, sometimes referred to as ‘proto-globalisation’. The book contributes to such debates by analysing how these supposedly ‘poorer’ regions of Europe relied on migration as an investment strategy to profit from empire in Asia. Using social network theory and concepts of human capital it examines why the Scots, Irish and Welsh developed markedly different profiles in the Company’s service. Chapters on the administrative elite, army officers and soldiers, the medical corps and private traders demonstrate consistent Scottish over-representation, uneven Irish involvement and consistent Welsh under-representation. Taken together they explore a previously underappreciated cycle of human capital that involved departure to Asia, the creation of colonial profits, and the return back of people and their fortunes to Britain and Ireland. By reconceptualising the origins and the consequences of involvement in the Company, the study will be of interest to historians of early modern Scotland, Ireland, Wales and Britain, the East India Company and the early phases of British imperialism in Asia.
finance. It is hardly surprising that the EIC is taken to exemplify gentlemanly capitalism’s command over unprecedented levels of money and credit. 8 In this context, possession of corporate stock and access to the directorate were vital if senior figures were to act as brokers of human capital on a larger and more consistent scale. Not enough is known about the sequence in which the differently constituted forms of wealth interacted: did finance capital have to be deployed before the human or social variants could be successfully mobilised, or could the latter help
From British rule the independent Irish state inherited an effectively denominational system of university education and a complementary set of science and arts institutions. Under independent rule denominational influence increased and resource starvation prevailed until the end of the 1950s. Then, as the formation of human capital, education began to be treated as an input into economic growth and American initiatives stimulated new research activity. These changes played a vital role in the rebalancing of power between the Catholic Church and the state. Social science, where the Catholic Church had been a monopoly provider, supplies a dramatic case study of the interlinking of this power shift with the process of knowledge generation.
Film production at Paramount Pictures during the so-called classical era required the mobilisation of massive material and human capital that depended on institutional systems of surveillance, knowledge creation and control ranging from departmental affiliations to the pre-printed budget forms. This article focuses on those pre-printed budget forms as technologies of knowledge and power, revealing that the necessities of creating and managing coalitions of expert labourers created alternative power centres and spaces where being the object of surveillance was itself a source of power. It concludes by discussing the implications of this ecology for the historiography of Hollywood.
, implementation of resilience-building strategies is proven to be challenging ( Murphy et al. , 2018 ). Wealth and Psychosocial Dimensions of Resilience The study employs two of the seven dimensions of resilience (wealth, debt and credit, coping behaviours, human capital, community networks, protection and security, and psychosocial status) presented by Tulane University’s Disaster Resilience Leadership Academy (DRLA) and the State University of Haiti (UEH), namely wealth and psychosocial status. This framework is employed because the theme of resilience gathered from
between human capital and social capital by stressing that social capital is less tangible, yet it exists in the relations among persons. Whether this social capital is from the settlement or the host community and humanitarian agencies, these established networks of trust do not just contribute to help-seeking but can eventually curtail violence in all forms. The paper closes with this interview excerpt on the value of collectively addressing GBV, especially in the context of
receive support from a well-wisher to go to culinary school. Unable to secure a work permit, he used a Kenyan friend’s ID to get a job at a high-end hotel in Nairobi. He was fired when management learned he was a refugee working with a fraudulent ID. In such an environment, refugees cannot fully benefit from their own and donors’ human capital investments. In Kakuma, refugees had somewhat more freedom to start their own businesses with
1 Skill and gender: navigating the theoretical terrain Introduction States are increasingly selecting immigrants according to their labour market qualifications and their broad human capital. Using points tests, wage distribution curves and sector-specific visas, governments and employers evaluate newcomers on the basis of their potential contribution to domestic economies. Academics and policy-makers have paid considerable attention to these selection mechanisms and the relative human capital of skilled immigration compared with other immigration flows (e
integration debates and goals cannot be meaningfully detached from the social inclusion goals understood to apply to Irish citizens. The c onversations about integration conducted from different angles in different chapters are variously framed in conceptual debates about social capital, cultural capital, human capital and human capability. Wherever possible the focus is on specific case studies; here I draw on the recent work of a large number of other researchers as well as specific research on immigration, well-being and social inclusion and immigrant participation in
make the most of their lives – social justice. A more equal society is about widening opportunities to work. Helping people become more employable – ‘employability’ – has both the short-term goal of getting the unemployed into the labour market and the long-term one of building the stocks of human capital that shape an individual’s life chances, including earning capacities. 4