Based on geo- and biopolitical analyses, this book reconsiders how security policies and practices legitimate state and non-state violence in the Colombian conflict, and uses the case study of the official Democratic Security Policy (DSP) to examines how security discourses write the political identities of state, self and others. It claims that the DSP delimits politics, the political, and the imaginaries of peace and war through conditioning the possibilities for identity formation. The book offers an innovative application of a large theoretical framework on the performative character of security discourses and furthers a nuanced understanding of the security problematique in a postcolonial setting.
This book takes two of the most influential minority groups of white settlers in the British Empire—the Irish and the Scots—and explores how they imagined themselves within the landscapes of its farthest reaches, the Australian colonies of Victoria and New South Wales. Using letters and diaries as well as records of collective activities such as committee meetings, parades and dinners, it examines how the Irish and Scots built new identities as settlers in the unknown spaces of Empire. Utilizing critical geographical theories of ‘place’ as the site of memory and agency, the book considers how Irish and Scots settlers grounded their sense of belonging in the imagined landscapes of south-east Australia. Emphasizing the complexity of colonial identity formation and the ways in which this was spatially constructed, it challenges conventional understandings of the Irish and Scottish presence in Australia. The opening chapters locate the book's themes and perspectives within a survey of the existing historical and geographical literature on empire and diaspora. These pay particular attention to the ‘new’ imperial history and to alternative transnational and ‘located’ understandings of diasporic consciousness. Subsequent chapters work within these frames and examine the constructions of place evinced by Irish and Scottish emigrants during the outward voyage and subsequent processes of pastoral and urban settlement, and in religious observance.
Identity is contingent and dynamic, constituting and reconstituting subjects with political effects. This book explores the implications of Protestant and 'British' incursions for the development of Irish Catholic identity as preserved in Irish language texts from the early modern period until the end of Stuart pretensions. Questions of citizenship, belonging, migration, conflict, security, peace and subjectivity are examined through social construction, post-colonialism, and gendered lenses from an interdisciplinary perspective. The book explains the issue of cultural Catholicism in the later middle ages, by way of devotional cults and practices. It examines Catholic unionism vis-a-vis Victorian politics, military and imperial service, the crown, and the position of the Catholic Church with relation to the structures of the state in Ireland. In particular the North American experience and especially the importance of the USA for consolidating a particular interpretation of Irish Catholic nationalist identity, is explored. Children studied in English Catholic public schools like Stonyhurst and Downside where the establishment Irish Catholics and rising mercantile classes sought to have the characteristics of the Catholic gentleman instilled in their progeny. The book sets out to detect the voices of those Catholic women who managed to make themselves heard by a wider audience than family and friends in Ireland in the years between the Act of Union of 1800 and independence/partition. It considers what devotional interests both Gaelic Irish and Anglo-Norman actually shared in common as part of a wider late medieval Catholic culture.
Brian Hill’s musical documentaries embody the essence of Judith
Butler’s notion of ‘performativity’ as the discourse used
in identity formation. By asking his characters to sing their stories in
addition to traditional interviews, Hill creates multiple screen identities,
which elicits an embodied intimacy that is as much about freeing marginalised
people to enact themselves in front of the camera as it is about revealing the
director’s own performance. This article uses a cognitive framework to
explore how Hill’s documentary, Pornography: The Musical
(2003), leads the spectator to challenge existing social stereotypes of sex
workers, as well as schematic ideas about traditional documentary form and
which older people’s interest organisations seek to represent, how they strive to work
with and represent this constituency and the factors which facilitate and inhibit this
work. Focusing on the notion of collective identity or identity politics it also explores
whether identityformation is consolidated or defined in older people’s interest organisations and the implications of this for the organisation of older people’s interests.
The findings in this chapter emerge from the interviews and focus groups conducted
with the directors, staff and members of ten
the fabric of the Balkan cultural domain and will there ever be a
European identity in the Balkans?
In an attempt to further this ongoing debate, this chapter focuses primarily on the value-oriented aspect of EU-isation, placing a particular emphasis
on identityformation. The process of EU-isation has been traditionally
associated with an economic and political transformation, often undermining the value-based aspects of the process, such as a country’s or a nation’s
acquiescence in taking on a European identity. This dual nature of EUisation is particularly
this older landscape of its prior associations has left it more open to filmmakers to play with new identityformations. In this sense, many of the films that have emerged out of this setting challenge assumptions around Irish identities in more complex ways than those set within what have become, as the following chapter discusses, the narrower discursive borders of the city space.
1 Evidently, this is also the central preoccupation of Room . Here I focus on the main Irish-set films.
2 Fredric Jameson influentially argued
Books, bodies and the sensuous materials of the mind
Richard De Ritter
‘Like a sheet of white paper’: books,
bodies and the sensuous materials
of the mind
Let us then suppose the Mind to be, as we say, white Paper,
void of all Characters, without any Ideas; How comes it to be
John Locke, An Essay Concerning Human Understanding1
John Locke’s formulation of the mind as a tabula rasa provides an
enduring image of identityformation, influential during the eighteenth century and beyond.2 It is, as Alan Richardson astutely
points out, a ‘contagious metaphor’ that spread throughout the
eighteenth century and into Romantic
-imagine’ the nation in ways that could build on the insights offered
by both sides of the divide. This chapter considers some of these new
approaches to the study of national identityformation and assesses how they
can be used to study the formation of Croatian national identity in the 1990s.
New approaches to national identityformation
Reflecting the growing dissatisfaction with earlier approaches to national
identity, Liisa Mallki, Michael Billig, Sarah Radcliffe and Sally Westwood have
offered alternative ways of thinking about nation formation that expose how
Honecker regime had developed’.2 Whilst clearly lying
at opposite poles, Aurich and Joffe both fail to recognise the complexity of the actions of the masses: the large corpus of young
people who silently rejected SED propaganda, and the tens of thousands who remained in their country, adopting the slogan ‘We
are staying here!’. The question of loyalty in the GDR is highly
complex, and demands more than the simple affirmation or negation of a GDR identity; only by treading between these extremes
can the nature and diversity of identityformation be fully explored.