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In 2002, the French party system seems to be demonstrating a fluidity, if not outright instability, equal to any period in the Fifth Republic's history. This book explores the extent to which this represents outright change and shifts within a stable structure. Portrayals of French political culture point to incivisme, individualism and a distrust of organizations. The book focuses on three fundamental political issues such as 'politics', 'power' and 'justice', which appear in almost all political discussions and conflicts. It identifies different 'types' of state in political theory and looks at the major challenges to practical state sovereignty in the modern world. Discussing the concept of the nation in the United Kingdom, the book identifies both cultural and political aspects of nationhood. These include nation and state; race and nation; language and the nation; religion and national identity; government and nation; common historical and cultural ties; and a sense of 'nationhood'. Liberal democracy, defensive democracy and citizen democracy/republican democracy are explained. The book also analyses John Stuart Mill's and Isaiah Berlin's views on 'negative' and 'positive' freedom. Conservatism is one of the major intellectual and political strains of thought in Western culture. Liberalism has become the dominant ideology in the third millennium. Socialism sprang from the industrial revolution and the experience of the class that was its product, the working class. Events have made 'fascism' a term of political abuse rather than one of serious ideological analysis. Environmentalism and ecologism constitute one of the most recent ideological movements.

Nick Randall

ITLP_C01.QXD 18/8/03 9:54 am Page 8 1 Understanding Labour’s ideological trajectory Nick Randall The Labour Party is habitually considered the most ideologically inclined of all British political parties, and ideological struggle has been endemic within the party since its foundation. It is no surprise, therefore, that studies of the party have endeavoured to understand why Labour’s ideology has shifted repeatedly throughout its history. This chapter considers those efforts. A large and varied literature is available to explain Labour’s ideological movements

in Interpreting the Labour Party
Kevin Harrison
Tony Boyd

Environmentalism and ecologism constitute one of the most recent ideological movements. Though the terms are often used interchangeably, it is more useful to regard ecologism as a philosophy that believes in a thorough-going root and branch transformation of society, whereas environmentalism believes that dangers to the environment can be tackled within the existing political

in Understanding political ideas and movements
Jonathan Benthall

these issues, see the website of the Charity and Security Network, Washington, DC: . 20 I must leave others to test the applicability of the model to other ideological movements, both religious and political, some of them highly contentious

in Islamic charities and Islamic humanism in troubled times
Abstract only
An introduction to François Ozon
Andrew Asibong

beautifully dreamy, otherworldly landscapes of, say, Claire Denis. These fantasies instead inhabit a hybrid and sometimes unashamedly tacky space: real life soaked in a heady perfume of bad romantic fiction, musical melodrama and perhaps a little light pornography. In the following three chapters I discuss Ozon’s corpus in roughly chronological order, but I group the films according to the distinct ideologicalmovements’ I see

in François Ozon
Julia Gallagher

elusive. Squabbles over distribution, ideological argument, fears about the sordid nature of life, have not been eradicated by the Enlightenment; in international relations, power struggles between nations, and between ideological movements, have not succumbed to the ‘end of history’. Humanity remains in a state of aspiration towards the good, rather than master of it; still composing an imagined good life in contrast to the flawed lived life. In the next section I will examine this idealist tendency in more depth, by looking at the nature of utopian thinking. Ideas of

in Britain and Africa under Blair
Richard Boyd

calling of social thought While acknowledging ideological tendencies that strain the traditions of civility, Shils is no Pollyanna: ‘I do not wish to portray the Western societies of the past third of a century as having fallen from grace into perdition’ (Shils, [1980] 1997a: 12). There is no ‘golden age’ of civility to which Shils’ work refers our attention. And while he is mindful – and critical – of certain progressive, romantic, or ideological movements that would deny the authority and legitimacy which are prerequisites for societal consensus, he is explicit that

in The calling of social thought
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Analysing oratory in Labour politics
Andrew S. Crines
Richard Hayton

this volume. Yet the academic study of Labour politics has also resisted focusing upon oratory itself. In part this is because it has emphasised the importance of collective action and internal ideological movements. The role of individual speakers tends to be subsumed by a more generalised approach to the study of Labourism. In fact, the advancement of Introduction 13 ideological traditions is traditionally seen to be the result of collective action rather than individual communicators. We would contend, however, that a more balanced approach reveals the duality

in Labour orators from Bevan to Miliband
Scotland’s screen destiny
Mark Thornton Burnett

, takes on the mantle of the local, which the global both produces and relies upon, pointing up the extent to which globalization is vulnerable to that which it creates. Both of these ideological movements unfold according to, and within the parameters of, a postmodern aesthetic (imitation, parody, fragmentation and an emptying out of ‘reality’, for instance, are invariably stressed), suggesting that the

in Shakespeare and Scotland
Stephen Hopkins

comfort in the past, and the progressive, activist, unruly connotations of radicalism’ (Glazer, 2005 : 246). It may be agreed that ‘whatever its object, nostalgia serves as a negotiation between continuity and discontinuity’ (Atia and Davies, 2010 : 184). However, while nostalgia may usually have been associated in the popular imagination with a wistful, even gentle, backward-looking gaze (Jack, 2017 ), in the sphere of revolutionary political and ideological movements, nostalgia could more accurately be characterised by its potential to be used

in Troubles of the past?