Neoliberalism, free trade and the global economy

The ‘globalisation’ concept has become ubiquitous in British politics, as it has in many countries of the world. This book examines discourse on foreign economic policy to determine the impact of globalisation across the ideological landscape of British politics. It critically interrogates the assumption that the idea of globalisation is derivative solely of neo-liberal ideology by profiling the discourse on globalisation of five political groups involved in making and contesting British foreign economic policy between 1997 and 2009: New Labour, International Financial Services London, the Liberal Democrats, Oxfam and the Socialist Workers Party. In addition to the relationship between neo-liberalism and globalisation, the book also explores the core meaning of the idea of globalisation, the implications for the principle of free trade, the impact on notions of the state, nation-state and global governance, and whether globalisation means different things across the ideological spectrum. Topically, it examines how the responses to the global financial crisis have been shaped by globalisation discourse and the value of ideology as an analytical concept able to mitigate debates on the primacy of material and ideational explanations in political economy.

This book provides a comprehensive and detailed analysis of the five main parties of the extreme right in the Netherlands (Centrumdemocraten, Centrumpartij), Belgium (Vlaams Blok), and Germany (Die Republikaner, Deutsche Volksunion). Using primary research — including internal party documents — it concludes that rather than right-wing and extremist, the core ideology of these parties is xenophobic nationalist, including also a mix of law and order and welfare chauvinism. The author's research and conclusions have broader implications for the study of the extreme-right phenomenon and party ideology in general.

02c Globalisation 040-068 2/2/11 15:09 Page 40 2 Political economy and ideology This chapter moves the book’s focus to theoretical approaches specifically oriented around the analysis of ideational phenomena. It argues, however, that none is fully able to consider the meaning and implications of the emergence of new ideas such as globalisation. The analytical concept of ideology, especially as understood by political theorists such as Michael Freeden, may be able to help political economy in this regard. Simply, most forms of ideational analysis influential

in Globalisation and ideology in Britain
Abstract only
A note on conceptual salvage

5 ‘Ideology’: a note on conceptual salvage PRELIMINARY NOTE A number of my comments in the earlier chapters have indicated how issues thrown up by the term ‘ideology’ remain fundamental, complex and subject to varieties of confusion and contradiction. This is so even though use of the term in media research is now far less marked than two decades ago, when it seemed to fit productively within Marxian perspectives on power, values and consciousness, perspectives that have since been subject to extensive dispute, revision and diverse kinds of theoretical

in Theorising Media
The Other side

Conducting an analysis of some of the most candid interview materials ever gathered from former Irish Republican Army (IRA) members and loyalists in Northern Ireland, this book demonstrates through a psychoanalysis of slips of the tongue, jokes, rationalisations and contradictions that it is the unconscious dynamics of the conflict — that is, the pleasure to be found in suffering, failure, domination, submission and ignorance, and in rivalry over jouissance — that lead to the reproduction of polarisation between the Catholic and Protestant communities. As a result, it contends that traditional approaches to conflict resolution which overlook the unconscious are doomed and argues that a Lacanian psychoanalytic understanding of socio-ideological fantasy has great potential for informing the way we understand and study all inter-religious and ethnic conflicts and, as such, deserves to be further developed in conflict-management processes. Whether readers find themselves agreeing with the arguments in the book or not, they are sure to find it a change from both traditional approaches to conflict resolution and the existing mainly conservative analyses of the Northern Ireland conflict.

Abstract only

2 Party ideology Parties of the extreme right are to some extent ‘masters of their own success’. That is, regardless of the political environment in which they operate and regardless of the institutional contexts within which they find themselves, their electoral success will depend, in part, on the ideology they espouse and the policies they put forward, and on the way in which they are organized and led. This chapter focuses on the first of these party-centric factors, and examines the extent to which the ideologies of the extreme right parties influence their

in The extreme right in Western Europe

5 Shils, Mannheim, and ideology1 Christopher Adair-Toteff Two names which are frequently associated with the concept of ideology are Edward Shils and Karl Mannheim.2 This is not only because Shils was co-translator (along with Louis Wirth) of Mannheim’s Ideologie und Utopie ([1929] 1936), but because Shils, like Mannheim, devoted much of his life to investigating this concept.3 Although Ideologie und Utopie is Mannheim’s most famous work on ideology, he also wrote a short, but important, article on this topic. Unlike Mannheim, Shils never wrote a major book on

in The calling of social thought

2 Ideology as double bind Generations and compressions In the 1980s and 1990s, biography and life history came to the fore in anthropology (e.g. Crapanzano 1980; Herzfeld 1997; Holland and Lave 2000). These engagements foregrounded agency after its apparent backgrounding to social structure and totality in structuralist, structural–functionalist, systems, and Marxist approaches. Nancy Abelmann (1997a, 1997b, 2003) has been at the forefront of this anthropological turn within Korean studies articulating a social mobility and narrative-driven life history

in South Korean civil movement organisations

Israel’s military defeat of the Arabs in June 1967 opened a new chapter in the history of modern Arab thought. It set off a round of moral stocktaking in the Arab world, and sent Arab intellectuals searching for the underlying causes of what became known as the Naksa (setback). The crushing defeat to Israel became a wake-up call for political vision and concrete action. Nasserism and Arab nationalism, the ideological and political doctrines that had guided the Arabs on the eve of the 1967 war, were deemed the main culprits. As these doctrines largely exited

in Arab liberal thought in the modern age
Nineteenth–century fiction and the cinema

the period. In terms of literary technique, writers such as Shelley, James and Conrad can be seen to have appropriated conventions of popular genres with a calculated literary ambition. Post-nineteenth century, the multifarious adaptations of these works into performance media reveals an ideological dimension. By taking these narratives ‘off the page’ and onto the screen, the purpose and reception of the work can be seen to have shifted as much as the media. In this way, a new ideological impact becomes apparent: as we

in Interventions