Search results

The Chronicle of Regino of Prüm and Adalbert of Magdeburg
Author: Simon MacLean

The career, mental world and writings of Regino, abbot of Prüm, were all defined by the Carolingian empire and, more particularly, by its end. The high Ottonian period of the mid-tenth century also witnessed a revival of historiography, exemplified by the work of the two major authors who wrote about the rise of the dynasty. The first of these was Liutprand of Cremona, whose Antapodosis, a history of European politics from 888 until around 950, and Historia Ottonis, a focused account of events surrounding Otto's imperial coronation, were both written in the earlier 960s. The second was Adalbert, who most probably wrote his continuation to the Chronicle in 967/968. Regino's Chronicle, dedicated to Bishop Adalbero of Augsburg in the year 908, was the last work of its kind for several decades, and as such its author can be regarded as the last great historian of the Carolingian Empire. The Chronicle is divided into two books. The first, subtitled 'On the times of the Lord's incarnation', begins with the incarnation of Christ and proceeds as far as the death of Charles Martel in 741. The second 'On the deeds of the kings of the Franks' takes the story from the death of Charles Martel through to 906. The much shorter continuation by Adalbert of Magdeburg enjoys a place in the canon of works relating to the history of the earliest German Reich and consequently has received considerably more attention.

Abstract only
Simon MacLean

imperial coronation of Tiberius (510–516) to name a few. Regino was no starry-eyed gazer at the splendour of emperors. Two comments from Book II further undercut imperial Rome’s ideological usefulness to the Carolingians. 92 In 842 Regino refers to the city as being ‘venerated by all the Holy Church with a certain special status because of the presence of the apostles Peter and Paul’, and states that it

in History and politics in late Carolingian and Ottonian Europe
Yitzhak Hen

timeframe for Alcuin’s gesture. The terminus post quem is set by the fact that Alcuin addresses Charlemagne as Caesar, which implies that the poem was composed after Charlemagne’s imperial coronation of 800, and before Alcuin’s death in 804.6 Other, much earlier dates were suggested in the past, but none of them is supported by the evidence.7 What is remarkable about the gift sent by Alcuin to Charlemagne is not so much the fact that it was made in the first place, or that Alcuin presented it with a personalised dedicatory poem. It is the content of this compendium that

in Religious Franks
C. E. Beneš

–21 (Duggan, Montaubin). 10 Actually 1133: CGA , pp. 26–7. The struggle pitted Lothar III and Innocent II against Conrad III Hohenstaufen and Anacletus II: see HP , p. 13; Doran/Smith ( 2016 ), especially pp. 27–68 (Robinson). Lothar sought to establish Innocent in Rome so he could receive imperial coronation, but they

in Jacopo Da Varagine’s Chronicle of the city of Genoa
Abstract only
T. J. H. McCarthy

these conflicts lie partly in the history of the papal reform movement, which developed in the aftermath of Henry III’s intervention in the politics of the Roman church in 1046. In the autumn of that year Henry III (1039–56) undertook his first expedition to his Italian kingdom with the intent of receiving imperial coronation but found a papacy in crisis as a result of tensions among the Roman

in Chronicles of the Investiture Contest
Abstract only
Benzo of Alba, To Emperor Henry IV, Book VII, 1-2
I. S. Robinson

. 1 Henry IV, king of the Germans (1056–1106), emperor (1084). The usual form of his title in diplomas after the imperial coronation was ‘Henry III, emperor of the Romans’. See I. S. Robinson (1999) p. 231. The chancery described him as ‘Henry III’ because King Henry I of the Germans (911–36) did not receive the imperial title

in The Papal Reform of the Eleventh Century
Abstract only
Ottonian Germany
T. J. H McCarthy

INTRODUCTION Translation of empire – translatio imperii – was the theory used by medieval authors to explain the efficacy of the imperial coronation of Charles the Great on Christmas Day 800. It addressed the question of how a westerner could claim to have succeeded to the Roman Empire while emperors in Constantinople still reigned. The usual strategy was to point out that with the deposition and subsequent death of Constantine VI in 797 at the hands of his mother, Empress Irene (752–803), there was no emperor (the ruling empress was not

in Debating medieval Europe
C. E. Beneš

–5. 92 Otto made numerous promises to gain Innocent's support for his claim to the empire, most of which he broke immediately after his imperial coronation as he tried to reassert imperial rule in Italy: NCMH 5.380–1 (Toch); Moore ( 2003 ), pp. 187–9. 93 After Innocent III excommunicated Otto in 1210, Otto

in Jacopo Da Varagine’s Chronicle of the city of Genoa
James Naus

the Frankish bishops to crown a man they saw as a usurper king. It was not out of love of Charles that they did this, however, but rather from a firm belief that secular society did not have the right to depose an anointed king. In the ninth century, the anointing and coronation of a king recalled the Old Testament coronations of David and Saul, and perhaps the more recent imperial coronation of Charlemagne in 800. In all these cases, the anointing ceremony transferred to the new King a sacred status that could not be undone by a layman. Thus, at a time when

in Constructing kingship
Abstract only
Alison I. Beach, Shannon M.T. Li, and Samuel S. Sutherland

maintain chronological order, and several stories are repeated with greater detail not long after their first telling, including the coronation of anti-King Rupert, Henry IV’s invasion of Rome and imperial coronation by anti-Pope Clement III, and Gregory VII’s expulsion and condemnation of Henry and Wibert. 10 The closing chapters of Book Two introduce Hirsau and recount the election of Bishop Gebhard III of Constance, setting the stage for the arrival of the Hirsau reformers at Petershausen at the bidding of the newly elected bishop, an event that opens Book Three. 11

in Monastic experience in twelfth-century Germany