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The British Experience
Author: Ronald Hyam

This book tries to show how sexual attitudes and activities influenced the lives of the imperial elite as well as the subjects of empire. It begins with an examination of the nature of sexuality and of its influence on individuals. The book argues that sexual dynamics crucially underpinned the whole operation of British empire and Victorian expansion. Sexual needs can be imperative, and people will go to extraordinary lengths to satisfy them. The book considers the behaviour of members of the imperial ruling elite, and examines their attitude to marriage and the relationship between their private lives and service of the empire. It looks at sexual opportunity in some different types of imperial situation, both formal and informal, in an attempt to see how sexual interaction underpinned the operative structures of British expansion. As the keeping of mistresses was not uncommon in eighteenth-century Britain, the keeping of a mistress in British India became a well-established practice. Europeans in India could flirt outrageously, but they must not fall in love or marry. To keep the women free from disease, Indian prostitutes were admitted to the cantonments, to the lal bazar after medical examination and registration, where they were given periodical checks. Official reaction against sexual opportunism began in earnest with the Purity Campaign launched in 1869, which changed the visible face of British life and attitudes. Undoubtedly there was thereafter more decorum, more chastity, less opportunity and less fun.

Abstract only
Gordon Pirie

commodities; less alienating (semi-)permanent overseas settlement; more rapid receipt of letters and news; easier social circulation by imperial elites. Airships, landplanes and seaplanes first transported a new breed of demobbed fame- and fortune-seeking airmen into the British Empire. Merely soaring sensuously was not for them. Flying was still about winning, but now it was about climbing higher, arriving

in Air empire
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France’s inter-war empire: a framework for analysis
Martin Thomas

may identify five long-term debates among this French imperial elite about the role and purpose of the colonial system they claimed to control. These five debates – disputes might be a more accurate term – may be summarised as follows. First, the bureaucracy of colonial government was split between proponents of assimilation and advocates of associationism. In other words, divided

in The French empire between the wars
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Clothing and masculine identities in the imperial city, 1860–1914
Christopher Breward

progress of the Anglo-Saxon race, and for the next half-century at least, the policy of the British Empire in the world’. 18 The indiscipline associated with the bell-bottomed trousers, studded belt, spotted neckerchief and heavy boots of the hooligan offered much scope for those journalists and novelists keen to expose the results of unchecked drink and jingoism, or illustrate the manner in which the identifying sartorial marks of an imperial elite came finally to rest on the backs of Masterman’s ‘street-bred people

in Imperial cities
Pablo Poveda Arias

Merovingian case, by contrast, this militarisation of administration has been acknowledged since the emergence of the regnum Francorum . Sarti, Perceiving war , pp. 32–41. 60 This approach disregards the militarisation of late imperial elites. Halsall, Barbarian migrations , pp. 492–6. Added to this is the militarisation of the administrative cadres of the late Roman Empire. See R. MacMullen, Soldier and civilian

in Early medieval militarisation
John M. MacKenzie

, for example in the ties that secured the tracks to the sleepers, and the removal of such ties became a source of an important metal resource right down to modern times.82 Freight yards often provided opportunities for theft. Moreover, imperial elites often seemed vulnerable when undergoing the stresses of travel. Even among Europeans in the Dominions, classes would mix at stations and poorer, unemployed people might resent the style and opportunities of the better-off observed at stations.83 They could also represent a portal to leisure, as at the coast or in hill

in The British Empire through buildings
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Ronald Hyam

’; to quote her own devastating words, ‘he made love just as he played golf – in a nervous unimaginative flurry’. 64 The marital record of the higher echelons of the imperial elite is thus depressing. Why should this be so? In the first place it has to be recognised that sexual compatibility is central to marriage (even if it means no more than agreement to dispense with love

in Empire and sexuality
Nora’s Lieux de Mémoire across an imperial world
Dominik Geppert and Frank Lorenz Müller

groups at four levels: imperial, national, sub-national and transnational. First, the respective British, Russian, French and Dutch empires are themselves memory communities. They were created, at least partially, through the attempts by imperial elites to generate a common identity by constructing sites of memory. Usually, only specific groups within the imperial territory, whether at the centre or on

in Sites of imperial memory
Dane Kennedy

were designed to restrict access to game to privileged patrons, criminalising indigenous hunters as poachers. An ambitious study, it draws together aspects of the social, cultural, economic and environmental histories of Britain, Africa and India. It demonstrates, among other things, that hunting was integral to the British imperial elite’s sense of masculinity, that it constituted an ‘asset

in Writing imperial histories
Competition and cooperation?
Régine Le Jan

Vosges: Reichenau’s horizon was clearly an imperial one.11 But its centrality did not only depend on its religious confraternity network, created in the decades around the year 800. The monastery was also involved in political networks, owing to its ability to connect with imperial elites and the royal court. Abbot Waldo (786–806), who combined this position with that of abbot of St Gallen (and, after 806, abbot of Saint-Denis, where he died in 814), and Abbot Heito (806–822/23), who was also bishop of Basel, were very influential personalities at the imperial court

in Religious Franks