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History through the eyes of hostages
Tim Woods

a prison, even though entirely surrounded by walls, is a splendidly illuminated theatre of history. (Milan Kundera, The Book of Laughter and Forgetting ) Narratives of imprisonment have become a defining genre of African writing in the second half of the twentieth

in African pasts
Abstract only
Space and identity in Subway and Nikita
Mark Orme

emotional state of these two seemingly equivalent characters, and to explore how space is used as a vehicle for communicating a sense of ‘imprisoned freedom’ on which each film pivots. As I hope to demonstrate, the link between physical environment and personal psychology in the construction of gender and identity differs markedly in the two films at issue. By its very title, Subway is spatially delimited

in The films of Luc Besson
Cormac Behan

7 Imprisonment and citizenship This chapter brings the book to a close by making the case that enfranchisement is one element, albeit an important one, within wider fields of prisoners’ rights and opportunities for participative citizenship. It outlines the challenges for prisoners in embracing the franchise and makes some suggestions about how to re-engage a section of the population disconnected from society and disillusioned with political and civic institutions. If the goal of enfranchisement is inclusion and allowing prisoners to participate as citizens

in Citizen convicts
Peter Shirlow, Jonathan Tonge, James McAuley, and Catherine McGlynn

cultural wrapping ( Irish News , 31 March 2003). Writing in the Irish New s on the occasion of the donation of republican former prisoners’ books to the Linen Hall Library in Belfast, Patrick Murphy managed to touch in one paragraph on two assumptions about non-state combatants imprisoned during the Northern Ireland conflict. The Long Kesh library was

in Abandoning historical conflict?
Tales of Terror and the Uncanny in Proust‘s In Search of Lost Time
Justin Neuman

This essay reads the opening of Marcel Proust‘s In Search of Lost Time against its high-modernist reception history to recover its Gothic unconscious. My argument first traces the repressed horror tale at the heart of ‘Combray I’ by foregrounding tropes of fear and imprisonment; I then recontextualize Proust within the Gothic tradition, drawing explicit comparisons to Poe and Radcliffe. I suggest that the narrators invocation and subsequent repression of Gothic forces, in particular of the uncanny, constitutes the novels primal dialectic and plays a constitutive role in the dramas of memory and desire.

Gothic Studies
James Baldwin and Fritz Raddatz
Gianna Zocco

When James Baldwin in No Name in the Street discusses the case of Tony Maynard, who had been imprisoned in Hamburg in 1967, he emphasizes that his efforts to aid his unjustly imprisoned friend were greatly supported by his German publishing house Rowohlt and, in particular, by his then-editor Fritz Raddatz (1931–2015). While the passages on Maynard remain the only instance in Baldwin’s published writings in which Raddatz—praised as a courageous “anti-Nazi German” and a kindred ally who “knows what it means to be beaten in prison”—is mentioned directly, the relation between Baldwin and Raddatz has left traces that cover over fifty years. The African-American writer and Rowohlt’s chief editor got to know each other around 1963, when Baldwin was first published in Germany. They exchanged letters between 1965 and 1984, and many of Raddatz’s critical writings from different periods—the first piece from 1965, the last from 2014—focus of Baldwin’s books. They also collaborated on various projects—among them a long interview and Baldwin’s review of Roots—which were all published in the German weekly newspaper Die Zeit, where Raddatz served as head of the literary and arts sections from 1977 to 1985. Drawing on published and unpublished writings of both men, this article provides a discussion of the most significant facets of this under-explored relationship and its literary achievements. Thereby, it sheds new light on two central questions of recent Baldwin scholarship: first, the circumstances of production and formation crucial to Baldwin’s writings of the 1970s and 1980s, and secondly, Baldwin’s international activities, his transcultural reception and influence.

James Baldwin Review
Open Access (free)
Biography of a Radical Newspaper
Robert Poole

The newly digitised Manchester Observer (1818–22) was England’s leading radical newspaper at the time of the Peterloo meeting of August 1819, in which it played a central role. For a time it enjoyed the highest circulation of any provincial newspaper, holding a position comparable to that of the Chartist Northern Star twenty years later and pioneering dual publication in Manchester and London. Its columns provide insights into Manchester’s notoriously secretive local government and policing and into the labour and radical movements of its turbulent times. Rich materials in the Home Office papers in the National Archives reveal much about the relationship between radicals in London and in the provinces, and show how local magistrates conspired with government to hound the radical press in the north as prosecutions in London ran into trouble. This article also sheds new light on the founding of the Manchester Guardian, which endured as the Observer’s successor more by avoiding its disasters than by following its example. Despite the imprisonment of four of its main editors and proprietors the Manchester Observer battled on for five years before sinking in calmer water for lack of news.

Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Bert Ingelaere

exchange detailed above, Ndambaye did not speak anymore during the gacaca session that day. He was condemned to 15 years’ imprisonment, later changed to 12 years’ imprisonment following appeal. As this example illustrates, to a great extent, the gacaca court system was simply a judicial mechanism and the process was simply a judicial process that aimed to establish the forensic truth, namely whether a specific standard of proof was reached given specific charges. Hayner (2002 : 100–1) is very sceptical about truth coming from trials: ‘The purpose of criminal

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Dispelling Misconceptions about Sexual Violence against Men and Boys in Conflict and Displacement
Heleen Touquet, Sarah Chynoweth, Sarah Martin, Chen Reis, Henri Myrttinen, Philipp Schulz, Lewis Turner, and David Duriesmith

this violence. 2 Misconception 1: Conflict-Related Sexual Violence against Men and Boys Is Almost Always Perpetrated in Detention and Imprisonment A common misconception is that conflict-related sexual violence against men and boys is almost always perpetrated in detention and imprisonment, often as a form of torture. Yet where and when sexual violence against men and boys is perpetrated is dependent on the setting, the type of conflict, the parties to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Hakim Khaldi

areas controlled by IS have suffered threefold: firstly, from the arbitrary executions carried out by IS security bodies on an almost daily basis; secondly, from a total lack of protection during the military offensive; and thirdly, those who survived the fighting were considered by SDF to be IS activists and have been imprisoned without trial ever since. The Limits to the Collaboration with Kobani Health Authority: The Case

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs