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Open Access (free)
Rainer Bauböck in dialogue
Series: Critical Powers
Editor: Rainer Bauböck

This book addresses the major theoretical and practical issues of the forms of citizenship and access to citizenship in different types of polity, and the specification and justification of rights of non-citizen immigrants as well as non-resident citizens. It also addresses the conditions under which norms governing citizenship can legitimately vary. The book discusses the principles of including all affected interests (AAI), all subject to coercion (ASC) and all citizenship stakeholders (ACS). They complement each other because they serve distinct purposes of democratic inclusion. The book proposes that democratic inclusion principles specify a relation between an individual or group that has an inclusion claim and a political community that aims to achieve democratic legitimacy for its political decisions and institutions. It contextualizes the principle of stakeholder inclusion, which provides the best answer to the question of democratic boundaries of membership, by applying it to polities of different types. The book distinguishes state, local and regional polities and argues that they differ in their membership character. It examines how a principle of stakeholder inclusion applies to polities of different types. The book illustrates the difference between consensual and automatic modes of inclusion by considering the contrast between birthright acquisition of citizenship, which is generally automatic, and naturalization, which requires an application.

Abstract only
Emma Vickers

1 Inclusion W hen Jimmy Jacques was twenty, he was summoned to a recruitment centre on Walworth Road in south-­ east London to undergo a medical inspection.1 It was 1940, and Britain was attempting to conscript as many functional bodies into the armed forces as possible. In church halls and inspection centres across the country, a vast assortment of physiques queued and stripped in the name of national emergency. Over the course of the Second World War, some 7,100,409 men and women were quantified and classified by medical boards organised by the Ministry of

in Queen and country
Open Access (free)
A pluralist theory of citizenship
Rainer Bauböck

democratic inclusion. Some theorists argue that the only democratically legitimate demos is a global one (Goodin 2007 ); others suggest that the demos ought to change depending on who will be affected by a particular decision (Shapiro 2000 ); still others regard democratic inclusion principles as norms that allow us to contest exclusion while not necessarily providing positive guidelines on how to construct alternative

in Democratic inclusion
Catherine Akurut

, effectively nullifying gender specificities and differences in CRSV experiences. This raises an important question: whether ignoring the differences in gender roles is in fact ‘gender-inclusion’ and whether humanitarian organisations are simply extending services meant for women to men. This review considers the literature on gender inclusion and male victims of sexual violence, finding that there is a tendency for humanitarian organisations to simply extend SGBV services

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Chris Armstrong

3 Equality versus social inclusion? Introduction R O M T H E 1980s onwards, the doctrine of social citizenship came under sustained attack from neoliberal and New Right politicians. In theory, the equality of bureaucratic welfare regimes was depicted as suppressing choice and responsibility; in practice, the (albeit limited) equality delivered by the social rights advocated by Marshall were progressively revoked or circumscribed by politicians such as Thatcher and Reagan who instead asserted the values of individual self-reliance, enterprise and personal

in Rethinking Equality
Bryan Fanning

7 Integration as social inclusion No society can view without deep concern the prospect of a significant minority of people becoming more removed from the incomes and lifestyles of the majority. (National Anti-Poverty Strategy, 1997) The first major Irish immigration policy statement, Integration: A Two Way Process (2000) advocated the integration of refugees and immigrants into Irish society through employment promotion measures and through addressing specific barriers of discrimination, non-recognition of qualifications and lack of fluency in English.1 The

in Immigration and social cohesion in the Republic of Ireland
Re-imagining Manchester through a new politics of environment
Hannah Knox

1 Inclusion without incorporation: re-imagining Manchester through a new politics of environment Hannah Knox Introduction In this chapter I provide an ethnographic description of political relations in the city of Manchester by focusing on recent attempts to distribute responsibility for reductions in the city’s carbon emissions. Building on approaches from the anthropology of policy, I attempt to move beyond descriptions of political relations in the city that have depicted a disjuncture between a ruling political elite and a general population. Instead I focus

in Realising the city
Brian Nolan

2 Disability, social inclusion and poverty Brian Nolan Introduction Social inclusion is generally taken to mean being in a position to participate fully in the life of the society one lives in, while conversely social exclusion entails being prevented from doing so. While the precise difference between the concepts of poverty and social exclusion is much discussed in the extensive research literature on these topics, poverty is widely seen as inability to participate fully in the life of one’s society due to lack of resources – as formulated for example in Peter

in The economics of disability
Some questions for Rainer Bauböck
Joseph H. Carens

, empirical researchers and policy-makers alike. Those gifts are clearly on display here as Bauböck explores the virtues and limitations of three different principles of democratic inclusion: all affected interests (AAI), all subject to coercion (ASC) and all citizenship stakeholders (ACS). Bauböck argues that the three principles complement one another, with each providing legitimation for a different set of democratic institutions and practices

in Democratic inclusion
Chris Duke, Michael Osborne, and Bruce Wilson

6 Social inclusion and active citizenship A deep-felt need It is perhaps not surprising that social inclusion and active citizenship should have been identified as a key theme by several of the regions participating in the PURE project. Even without the impact of the GFC, the past two decades have been a period of considerable change as countries throughout the world, North and South, have come to terms with the implications of new technologies which have transformed the working environment as we have known it, and have led to what David Harvey (1989) has

in A new imperative