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New limits to growth
Josef W. Konvitz

3 Infrastructure and innovation: new limits to growth Infrastructure investment and innovation come up repeatedly in discussions of urban and economic growth. To state the obvious, infrastructure is concentrated in cities, and innovation is an urban activity par excellence. Less well known are (1) the gap between the funding needed to maintain and modernize infrastructures and the sums invested and (2) what the European Commission referred to as an “innovation emergency” in 2011: these new limits to growth increase the costs of congestion, add to the problems of

in Cities and crisis
Adam O’Brien

An important theme in current studies of environmental representation is the inadequacy of many narratological and stylistic techniques for registering ecological complexity. This article argues that, in the case of cinema, water constitutes an especially vivid example of an allusive natural subject, and it examines the means by which one film, The Bay (Barry Levinson, 2012), manages to confront that challenge. It pays particular attention to The Bay’s treatment of animal life, and its acknowledgement of water’s infrastructural currency. The article draws on the writings of ecocritical literary theorist Timothy Morton and media historian and theorist John Durham Peters.

Film Studies
Aidan Mosselson

and clandestine. Johny Pitts, Afropean ( 2020 ), 19 Introduction This chapter exposes the roles various urban infrastructures play in reproducing racialised identities and patterns of segregation in postcolonial European cities. It contributes to new ways of knowing European cities (see Introduction) by reinscribing colonial histories into daily urban life. In so doing, it contributes to the effort to reinsert European cities into global histories marked by

in European cities
Peter Murray
Maria Feeney

105 4 US aid and the creation of an Irish scientific research infrastructure Introduction This chapter broadens out the focus from Irish sociology to examine Irish scientific research. Its central theme is the way in which resources provided or jointly controlled by US actors underpinned the development of a modern scientific research infrastructure within the state in the period after the Second World War. The scientific fields principally affected by these financial injections were applied research related to agriculture, industry and economics. Money flowed

in Church, state and social science in Ireland
Patrick O’Leary

graduate of TCD who had already been in Punjab for thirty years and was a superintending engineer, the second highest engineering rank, and there were also a number of Irish junior engineers. 61 The British, and the Irish employed by them, thus developed a series of major irrigation and communications works which would leave a legacy of a well-engineered physical infrastructure which

in Servants of the empire
Dimitris Dalakoglou

8 Infrastructures, borders, (im)mobility, or  the material and social construction of  new Europe The pathos of all bourgeois monuments is that their material strength and solidity actually count for nothing and carry no weight at all, that they are blown away like frail reeds by the very forces of capitalist development that they celebrate. Even the most beautiful and impressive bourgeois buildings and public works are disposable, capitalized for fast depreciation and planned to be obsolete, closer in their social functions to tents and encampments than to

in The road
Victor Adetula
Olugbemi Jaiyebo

development. Against the background that acknowledges effective and functional human rights infrastructure as a ‘sine qua non’ to the prevention of a re-colonization of a country through foreign flows of capital, this chapter probes the interface of foreign capital with human rights in Nigeria. It examines the extent to which the human rights system in Nigeria is being

in African perspectives in international investment law
A Military Tactic or Collateral Damage?
Abdulkarim Ekzayez
Ammar Sabouni

infrastructure were strategic targets as part of a distinct military tactic that we, as humanitarian practitioners, have borne witness to. As an extension to the aforementioned concept of a ‘weaponisation of healthcare’ ( Fouad et al. , 2017 ), we present four examples throughout the course of the Syrian conflict which evidence the direct application of a military tactic aimed at civilian infrastructure in addition to corresponding patterns in attacks on health facilities. Destruction of property, history, culture, and collective memory. Lost dignity of the population

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

The well-being of Europe’s citizens depends less on individual consumption and more on their social consumption of essential goods and services – from water and retail banking to schools and care homes – in what we call the foundational economy. Individual consumption depends on market income, while foundational consumption depends on social infrastructure and delivery systems of networks and branches, which are neither created nor renewed automatically, even as incomes increase. This historically created foundational economy has been wrecked in the last generation by privatisation, outsourcing, franchising and the widespread penetration of opportunistic and predatory business models. The distinctive, primary role of public policy should therefore be to secure the supply of basic services for all citizens (not a quantum of economic growth and jobs). Reconstructing the foundational has to start with a vision of citizenship that identifies foundational entitlements as the conditions for dignified human development, and likewise has to depend on treating the business enterprises central to the foundational economy as juridical persons with claims to entitlements but also with responsibilities and duties. If the aim is citizen well-being and flourishing for the many not the few, then European politics at regional, national and EU level needs to be refocused on foundational consumption and securing universal minimum access and quality. If/when government is unresponsive, the impetus for change has to come from engaging citizens locally and regionally in actions which break with the top down politics of ‘vote for us and we will do this for you’.

Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

encouraged late-capitalism to move beyond the South’s enclaves and the special economic zones established during the 1980s as part of the North’s deindustrialisation ( Amsden, 1990 ). Private finance is investing in what are called infrastructural ‘mega-corridors’ ( Hildyard and Sol, 2017 ). With China’s Belt and Road Initiative just one example, this is a huge near-global expansion. Except Antarctica, no region is excluded with continental – even transcontinental – infrastructure plans in existence that seek to reappropriate the biosphere

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs