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The genesis of Israeli policies of population management, surveillance and political control towards the Palestinian minority

Widely regarded as expert in techniques of surveillance and political control, Israel has been successful in controlling a native population for a long time. Despite tremendous challenges, it has maintained a tight grip over a large Palestinian population in the territories it occupied in the 1967 war. Moreover, it has effectively contained the Palestinian minority inside its 1948 borders. This book discusses the foundation of an Israeli discourse about the Palestinian minority, which Israeli leaders called birour or clarification, and the circumstances of its emergence and crystallization. It talks about the policy of constructing the Palestinians both as non-Jews and as an assortment of insular minorities. The fate of this minority was not only an Israeli internal affair but also an issue of concern to the international community. An analysis of the legal and institutional frameworks, and the role of state power in categorizing the Palestinians, follows. The book also analyses the ways state control and surveillance were implemented at the level of the locality. The book highlights the way state educational policy not just fostered the segmentation described earlier but promoted among students and educators. It then takes up the question of political rights and their meaning under the rule of Military Government. It concludes with personal reflections on the thousands of minutes, protocols, reports, plans and personal messages.

Jan Koehler and Christoph Zürcher

-Niediek’s Chapter 5 on Kosovo; Baev’s and Christophe’s Chapters 7 and 10, respectively, on Georgia; Koehler and Zürcher’s Chapter 8 on Azerbaijan, Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh; and Kisriev’s Chapter 6 on Chechnya, in this volume). Institutions matter What accounts for the different ways the various post-socialist societies dealt with the stress of transition? The case studies in this volume look at the institutional framework of these societies for answers. It is argued here that institutions 246 Institutions and the organisation of stability and violence perform three functions

in Potentials of disorder
Bernadette Connaughton

5306ST New Patterns-C/lb.qxd 3/9/09 16:45 Page 122 7 The politics of environmental policy Bernadette Connaughton Introduction Ireland’s environmental policy is largely shaped by a generally low level of environmental awareness and the dominance of economic priorities on the national policy agenda. Yet Ireland’s environmental performance is regarded as relatively strong (EPA, 2005) and illustrates evidence of progress in terms of policy and institutional framework (OECD, 2000). In contrast to this are the increasing pressures to which Ireland’s physical

in Europeanisation and new patterns of governance in Ireland
Christoph Knill and Duncan Liefferink

investigate more closely the problems of measuring implementation effectiveness. As we will see, our evaluations in that respect are not only dependent on the underlying definition of effective implementation, but also on the concrete data and information on Implementation effectiveness 147 which we make our judgements. Before dealing with these questions, however, we briefly present the institutional framework in which the implementation of European policies takes place. Institutional framework In the EU, there is a clear-cut distribution of competence concerning the

in Environmental politics in the European Union
Open Access (free)
Alistair Cole

leaders pull towards increased fragmentation within the system, but the institutional framework continues to force this into the two-bloc logic. Given consistently rising levels of abstention among voters turned off by the choice ‘imposed’ by the current institutional framework, revisions to this framework are likely to go beyond the changes in presidential incumbency to date. Commentators continue to talk of the formulation of a Sixth Republic, although whether this indicates full regime change or simply a substantial amendment of the Fifth Republic is unclear

in The French party system
Abstract only
Ahmad H. Sa’di

guidelines, principles and comprehensive plans. The existence of these policy guidelines and plans refutes the dominant consensus in the scholarly literature, as outlined earlier, regarding the absence of a state policy vis-à-vis the Palestinians. In chapter 3, I describe and analyse the legal and institutional frameworks through which the Palestinians were governed. These were the tools for implementing the policy guidelines and plans. The control processes put into motion by these frameworks are analysed in relation to two well-theorized forms of modern political control

in Thorough surveillance
A mayoral dichotomy
Colin Copus

crossing of a wide range of organisational and sectoral boundaries. The LSP, on the other hand, is a formal, government-inspired institutional arrangement that is rule driven and codified and set within the broader institutional framework of the local council. It is also focused on the bureaucratic processes involved in the provision of services, the coordination of service arrangements and on the processes of community planning. None of this requires an elected element to work; it does, however, require an elected element to hold such a body to account. Although an LSP

in Leading the localities
Abstract only
Asia-Pacific security legacies and futures
Anthony Burke and Matt McDonald

critical approach to security in the Asia-Pacific requires not merely a critique of a traditional security studies concerned with state-based military conflict but an engagement with an elite practice and discourse of security which is already broader in its focus but still analytically and normatively flawed. Below we go on to outline the combination of theoretical, policy and institutional frameworks in

in Critical Security in the Asia-Pacific
Dominic Bryan, S. J. Connolly and John Nagle

legislative and institutional framework that meant that public authorities produced policies, including the provision of public funds, that impacted, over time, on the civic. These policies form part of a broader government policy to create shared space. This was most clearly articulated in 2005 in the Shared Future policy produced by the offices of the First Minister and Deputy First Minister, the twin heads of the executive. The overall aim of A Shared Future is to establish, over time, a shared society defined by a culture of tolerance: a

in Civic identity and public space
League, empire, nation
Helen McCarthy

leaders were not immune from use of terms like ‘frog’, ‘small dark Latin races’ and ‘dago nations’ in reference to foreign statesmen, League delegates and colleagues in the International Federation, a reflection of the casual racism of the period.104 All of this points to the cultural dimensions of liberal-internationalist ideology between the wars. Intellectually, LNU leaders accepted the limited legal and institutional framework for the League which emerged out of the power play at Paris and rejected the visionary blueprints for a World State propounded by radicals

in The British people and the League of Nations