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Dionyssis G. Dimitrakopoulos

2 Patterns of institutional change The purpose of this chapter is to examine the way in which the exigencies of membership of the EU have been dealt with at the domestic level. This discussion will focus on the patterns of institutional development within the three central governments, executive–legislative relations and national mechanisms used for the transposition of EU legislation. There are five factors that link these core aspects of the operation of central governments to the broader theme of this book. First, EU business challenges the traditional

in The power of the centre
Open Access (free)
Sport, globalization and the environment

Golf is a major global industry. It is played by more than 60 million people worldwide, and there are more than 32 000 courses in 140 countries across the globe. Golf is a sport that has traditionally appealed to the wealthy and powerful in particular, though it attracts players and spectators from a wide range of demographics. Golf has also received criticism regarding its impact on the environment, particularly when it comes to the appropriation of land for golf course development and the use of water and pesticides in course management. The golf industry has, over time, responded to these and other concerns by stressing its capacity for recognizing and dealing with environmental problems. Yet there are reasons to be sceptical about the golf industry's environmental leadership – and, indeed, to be sceptical about corporate environmentalism in general. This book looks at the power relationships in and around golf, examining whether the industry has demonstrated such leadership on environmental matters that it should be trusted to make weighty decisions that have implications for public and environmental health. This is the first comprehensive study of the varying responses to golf-related environmental issues. It is based on extensive empirical work, including research into historical materials and interviews with stakeholders in golf such as course superintendents, protesters, and health professionals. The authors examine golf as a sport and as a global industry, drawing on and contributing to literatures pertaining to environmental sociology, global social movements, institutional change, corporate environmentalism and the sociology of sport.

New dimensions, new challenges

Immigration is relatively new in Spain, and hence government policies are struggling to manage the diversity it entails. This book examines the social conditions and political questions surrounding Spanish diversity, and gives a comprehensive view on how Spain is orienting its diversity management following a practical approach. It also examines specific immigrant nationalities, current institutional practices and normative challenges on how Spain is managing diversity. The mosque debate and the effects of the Danish Cartoon Affair on the traditional moros and cristianos festivals are explored. The book addresses the context of educational challenges related to immigration, and the policy approaches to the management of immigration-related diversity in education. It discusses policies and practices to combat discrimination in the labour market, with special reference to the transposition and implementation of the EU anti-discrimination directives. The book looks at political participation and representation of immigrants by describing the public debate on voting rights, the legal framework and the various debates about the possibilities for granting immigrants voting rights. This is done through an analysis of the Foro para la Integracion de los Inmigrantes (FII), and the main characteristics of the management of immigrant associations by the City Councils of Madrid and Barcelona. The book concludes that Spain is a laboratory for diversities, with a 'practical philosophy' of diversity management within a complex identitarian, historical and structural context that limits policy innovation and institutional change.

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Lez Cooke

the aesthetic debates that accompanied technological and institutional changes in British television in the 1960s, which led to his ‘Nats go home’ polemic, as well as exploring the impact of social and political change on his work from the early 1960s through to the 2000s. In many respects not only was Kennedy Martin central to some of the important developments in British television drama, he also anticipated the ways in which television might develop. Witness his 1986 MacTaggart Lecture in which he predicted the advent of mini-dramas on small portable television

in Troy Kennedy Martin
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Dionyssis G. Dimitrakopoulos

likely to produce useful insights. However, institutions possess two cardinal characteristics that have often been ignored in the EU-related literature that touches on the issue of implementation. First, when they are confronted with a novel situation or demand, institutions predominantly rely on standard operating procedures and repertoires – sometimes revised at the margins – in an effort to cope. This means that they often cope by absorbing novel functions or demands in their daily routines.15 Second, institutional change is a very demanding process whose outcome is

in The power of the centre
Martin Yuille
and
Bill Ollier

Society. Institutional change: Pillar One of the Health Society National Risk Register How do you move an entire government so that it consciously acts to satisfy optimally those vital, social and agency needs that we listed in Chapter 12 ? The place to start may not seem obvious, it may even seem pointless, minor or irrelevant. Actually, it is fundamental. In 2004, Parliament enacted the Civil Contingencies Act, a law which lays out how government should deal with emergencies. These emergencies include situations that threaten to damage human welfare if they

in Saving sick Britain
Georgina Holmes

design of gender-just peace operations. Pillar One of UN Security Council Resolution 1325 (Women, Peace and Security) calls for the participation of women at all decision-making levels, including in international, regional, and national security institutions and in preventing, managing, and resolving conflict. Women's meaningful participation cannot be achieved without institutional change, often facilitated by equality and diversity initiatives and gender-sensitive Security Sector Reform programmes within the institutions engaged in peacekeeping, and within

in United Nations peace operations and International Relations theory
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A new pedagogy for a new politics
Adrian O’Connor

skills (like literacy), public access to the institutions of government (through the press), and the dynamic interaction of citizens who competed for one another’s esteem as members of a national community. In pursuit of this multi-faceted ambition, Mirabeau offered five general principles for educational reform, focusing primarily on questions of political oversight, the need for curricular and institutional changes, and the beneficial effects of competition. While he did not provide the details of a future system of education, these principles offer us a sense of how

in In pursuit of politics
Christian Kaunert

of the European Commission, acting to initiate and push for a process of normative change among EU decisionmakers, as well as concrete institutional change, which is both part of its role as a supranational policy entrepreneur. Prior to the Convention: Commission entrepreneurship by officials? According to Sir Adrian Fortescue ( 1995 ), then the Director of the General

in European internal security
Michael Mulqueen

probably unimaginable less than a decade beforehand (Lally 2006b ). The Irish government responded with wide-ranging legislative and institutional changes. Interviewees agreed that when these changes were being drawn up the need to prevent immigration access being used by transnational terrorists was a central concern (Author’s interviews). The legislative measures consisted of the Immigration Acts 2003 and 2004, and the Irish

in Re-evaluating Irish national security policy