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Author: Mark Webber

How inclusive are the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) and the European Union (EU)? The enlargement of both organisations seems to give some substance to the vision of a ‘Europe whole and free’ articulated at the Cold War's end. Yet more recently, enlargement's limits have increasingly come to be recognised, bringing an important debate on the balance to be struck between inclusion and exclusion. This book examines that sometimes awkward balance. Its analytical starting point is the characterisation of much of Europe as a security community managed by a system of security governance. The boundary of this system is neither clear nor fixed, but a dynamic of inclusion and exclusion can be said to exist by reference to its most concrete expression—that of institutional enlargement. On this basis, the book offers an elaboration of the concept of security governance itself, complemented by a historical survey of the Cold War and its end, the post-Cold War development of NATO and the EU, and case studies of two important ‘excluded’ states: Russia and Turkey.

A framework of inclusion and exclusion
Mark Webber

. The Cold War security division of Europe premised on bipolarity, ‘overlay’ and regional organisations with relatively static memberships has been replaced by a process of institutional enlargement and partnership. This is seen as an inclusive process. Europe’s security relations are densely institutionalised. These institutions have a pan-European quality but the central

in Inclusion, exclusion and the governance of European Security
Mark Webber

– in three senses. First within EU/NATO Europe there have been powerful political messages emanating from political elites relating to the limits of inclusion. As we shall see in later chapters, these political preferences are especially clear in debates among existing member states on the wisdom and scope of institutional enlargement and/or forms of association. Surveys of public opinion indicate strong popular

in Inclusion, exclusion and the governance of European Security