Search results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 160 items for :

  • "institutional history" x
  • Refine by access: All content x
Clear All
Open Access (free)
Valérie Gorin and Sönke Kunkel

, failures, or points of controversy in the history of humanitarian action and thus differs from the self-serving institutional histories and forms of history marketing that put the ‘past glories’ ( Wylie, 2002 ) of such action front and center. But there is a certain value in a critical and independent focus. If today’s concerns over the humanitarian use of the image in terms of identity, reputation, and publicity are legitimate, a critical historical perspective helps to deepen understanding of the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Commemoration, gender, and the postcolonial carceral state

Legacies of the Magdalen Laundries brings together a range of perspectives on Magdalen history, experience, and representation and, indeed, institutionalisation in Ireland. It attends to many different manifestations of the lives and afterlives of institutional systems. The contributors seek to understand how these systems operated and how, after their closure, they have been remembered by varied stakeholders from survivors to artists to politicians. The Magdalen Laundries provide a focus for the volume as they potently illuminate the distinct social experience for vulnerable women in modern Ireland. Magdalen history brings to the fore the contested nature of institutional history, the particular attitudes towards women that saw them incarcerated (many for life), and the equally gendered attitudes that underpin the ways this history was first repressed then, more recently, commemorated. The laundries did not exist in a vacuum: they were part of a network that included Industrial Schools and Mother and Child Institutions. Given the proliferation of institutions, it is startling to note that investigations of Irish institutional history have lacked intersectionality – so alongside an examination of the history and remembrance of the Laundries, this volume considers the wider institutional context to demonstrate the broader dimensions of Ireland’s postcolonial carceral history. To understand this history we must see these institutions, and the women and children incarcerated in them, not as exceptional cases but as expressions of social attitudes that viewed vulnerable members of the population as morally suspect, a ‘problem’ to which the state, church, and citizenry responded through mass institutionalisation.

Abstract only
Coleman A. Dennehy

historians in Ireland. The exception is especially revealing when these petitions were politicised, such as in 1640 and 1641. 17 The Irish Parliament has not been without institutional histories. Richardson and Sayles’s work on the medieval Irish Parliament took the institutional route, as does much of Steven Ellis’s work and that of D.B. Quinn. 18 On the eighteenth century, much of the work of David Hayton follows an institutional approach, as does James Kelly’s recent work on Poynings’ Law. 19 Indeed, the collaborative project on Irish

in The Irish Parliament, 1613–89
Abstract only
Coleman A. Dennehy

indeed, misunderstood) in a similar manner. In an institutional history of parliament, knowing the technical details of the role of these officers is of more importance than the biographical details of members of both houses. As we have seen at various stages, the work of parliament could continue without the vast majority of members, but not without the speaker. Many of the tumultuous events of seventeenth-century parliamentary politics were played out by the speakers and judges in particular, so it is essential to have as thorough as possible a knowledge of their

in The Irish Parliament, 1613–89
Full text access
Architecture, asylum and community in twentieth-century mental health care
Sarah Chaney and Jennifer Walke

history than in many institutional histories of psychiatry, focusing on the importance of space, place and architecture in twentieth-century psychiatry. Finally, we conclude by arguing that community engagement within a museum setting enriches the history of medicine as a discipline and vice versa. Importantly, a historical project in a mental health setting enables audiences to challenge established norms, encouraging critical thinking and

in Communicating the history of medicine
Abstract only
Reformation: reformulation, reiteration and reflection
Rosemary O’Day

.qxd:- 9/12/13 08:37 Page 327 CONCLUSION Early nineteenth-century writings on the Reformation also drew attention away from the internal affairs of the Reformation Church. Institutional history played little part in the debate: the focus was essentially political. This diversion from the path established by Strype in the early eighteenth century was, however, but temporary. The Church of England’s family squabble of the midnineteenth century – when Anglo-Catholic and Protestant brethren fell out – revived this earlier interest in the nature of the Church of England

in The Debate on the English Reformation
From Ecouvillon to Lamantin (1958–1978)
Camille Evrard

process of the transfer of colonial power is evident: the hasty, sometimes improvised and, above 92 Military transitions all, ‘case by case’ management of events; which implied, in a way, construction by experimentation. With its focus on the transfer of military power in Mauritania, the analysis presented here, based on a larger study (Evrard 2008), is at the crossroads of political and institutional history on the one hand and military history on the other. It seeks to build conceptual bridges between a vision of State and ‘system’ on the one hand, and individuals

in Francophone Africa at fifty
Emily J. Manktelow

from the ‘other’. This chapter shows such an assumption to be completely incorrect and traces the institutional history of the missionary couple’s (and thus the missionary wife’s) place within LMS mission objectives in the nineteenth century from initial institutional ambivalence about the missionary wife (and preference for racial intermarriage and cultural integration), through her ascendency in mid-century, to her partial marginalisation upon the arrival of single ‘lady’ missionaries from 1875 onwards. As such, this

in Missionary families
Laywomen in monastic spaces
Susannah Crowder

integration of family and institutional identity, achieved through the physical positioning of female bodies within male, monastic space. Celestine performance practice and its settings juxtaposed monastic and lay identity in other ways as well, negotiating family and institutional histories over time. In some instances, family-based Negotiated devotions and performed histories 155 endeavours found expression inside and outside the monastery simultaneously. Catherine Gronnaix’s betrothal to Jacomin le Hungre in 1411, for example, created a legal and economic union

in Performing women
Abstract only
The asylum
Amy Milne-Smith

highlight the variety of approaches over time and by different disciplines, and the complicated negotiation between doctors, patients, and families over care. Other scholars have aptly described the medical rationalization of treatment and the shifting architecture and internal management of asylums. 5 The pauper asylum has been thoroughly explained both as part of larger government programmes and as part of institutional histories. Institutions that dealt with idiocy are the focus of their own thriving scholarly sub

in Out of his mind