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The challenge of Eurasian security governance

Eurasian security governance has received increasing attention since 1989. The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, the institution that best served the security interests of the West in its competition with the Soviet Union, is now relatively ill-equipped resolve the threats emanating from Eurasia to the Atlantic system of security governance. This book investigates the important role played by identity politics in the shaping of the Eurasian security environment. It investigates both the state in post-Soviet Eurasia as the primary site of institutionalisation and the state's concerted international action in the sphere of security. This investigation requires a major caveat: state-centric approaches to security impose analytical costs by obscuring substate and transnational actors and processes. The terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon marked the maturation of what had been described as the 'new terrorism'. Jervis has argued that the western system of security governance produced a security community that was contingent upon five necessary and sufficient conditions. The United States has made an effort to integrate China, Russia into the Atlantic security system via the Partnership for Peace (PfP) programme and the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council. The Black Sea Economic Cooperation has become engaged in disseminating security concerns in fields such as environment, energy and economy. If the end of the Cold War left America triumphant, Russia's new geopolitical hand seemed a terrible demotion. Successfully rebalancing the West and building a collaborative system with Russia, China, Europe and America probably requires more wisdom and skill from the world's leaders.

The dynamics of multilateralism in Eurasia
Sean Kay

2504Chap7 7/4/03 12:40 pm Page 125 7 Geopolitical constraints and institutional innovation: the dynamics of multilateralism in Eurasia1 Sean Kay This chapter assesses the relationship between traditional state-based security concerns and the development of multilateral institutions in Eurasia from 1992 to 2002. Multilateral institutions matter in Eurasia, but multilateral cooperation is highly contingent upon power relationships. Large states have used multilateral institutions to exert power and small states have used them to constrain larger ones. States

in Limiting institutions?
P. Terrence Hopmann

2504Chap8 7/4/03 12:40 pm Page 144 8 The OSCE role in Eurasian security P. Terrence Hopmann A wide range of institutions have appeared in the Eurasian region since the end of the Cold War that have a role to play in Eurasian security. Indeed, it has often been observed that Europe after 1989 is ‘institutionally thick’, that is, it is crisscrossed by an extensive web of multilateral institutions designed to prevent, deter, manage and resolve conflicts that might appear in the region once occupied by the former Communist states of the Soviet Union and its

in Limiting institutions?
Stuart Horsman

address Central Asia’s water problem. There is a broad consensus that interstate cooperation is required if the problem is to be managed properly. Consequently, a number of international institutions, which range from the regional to the global, have been involved in addressing the issue. These represent a breadth of interests and bailiwicks, ranging from traditional and non-traditional security to economic development and integration to environmental sustainability. Transboundary water resources in Central Asia The 1.8 million km2 Aral Sea basin encompasses all of

in Limiting institutions?
Douglas Blum

institutional vacuum in the post-Soviet geopolitical space has both contributed to such problems and impeded their successful resolution. The post-Soviet states have been forced to rebuild themselves by establishing basic institutions of governance and administration. At the same time the massive legitimacy problems they face call for nation building, along either inclusive/ civic or exclusive/ethnic lines. Moreover, the post-Soviet transition is further complicated by its taking place in the context of globalisation and as such is marked by heightened economic

in Limiting institutions?
Abstract only
Caitriona Clear

4883 Social Change PT bjl.qxd 13/6/07 11:07 Page 108 7 Institutions Nineteenth-century institutions lasted a long time in Ireland. Reformatories and industrial schools still operated in the 1970s. Psychiatric hospitals began to experiment with ‘care in the community’ in the 1960s and 1970s, but many of the features of the old lunatic asylum remained until much later. Magdalen asylums lasted until the 1980s. The hated workhouses were more or less abolished after independence, though the more benign county homes which replaced them continued to house some

in Social change and everyday life in Ireland 1850–1922
New threats, institutional adaptations
James Sperling

2504Introduction 7/4/03 12:37 pm Page 3 1 Eurasian security governance: new threats, institutional adaptations James Sperling Halford Mackinder developed the geostrategic formulation recognising that international politics encompasses the globe. His simple formulation, which guided early twentieth-century policy-makers and theorists in North America and continental Europe alike, held that the state that controls the Eurasian heartland controls the periphery, and the state that controls the periphery controls the world.1 More so than in the first decade of

in Limiting institutions?
Open Access (free)
A bounded security role in a greater Europe
Simon Serfaty

include Malta and Cyprus) while keeping Turkey separate from its institutions. By comparison, the EU’s presence in Eurasia is elusive. For one, it is diluted by the very nature of a ‘region’ that escapes any reliable definition: thus, while Halford J. Mackinder remained faithful to his concept of a ‘pivot area’, he redefined it periodically throughout his life, expanding its reach farther east and south.2 Moreover, the area is so diverse as to present the EU with challenges that exceed the limits of what its institutions can do. 226 2504Chap12 7/4/03 12:42 pm Page

in Limiting institutions?
What contribution to regional security?
Panagiota Manoli

. The Black Sea region is a connecting point with Europe and Central Asia owing to institutional and geopolitical links. This unique geopolitical context suggests that the Black Sea states constitute an interesting paradigm of cooperation and conflict in the international system. In the early 1990s, the newly emergent states in the Black Sea area arrived at the fundamental understanding that an institutionalisation of their relations at a regional level would do much to promote their security. Eleven countries in the Black Sea region responded to a Turkish initiative

in Limiting institutions?
Joshua B. Spero

2504Chap9 7/4/03 12:41 pm Page 166 9 Paths to peace for NATO’s partnerships in Eurasia Joshua B. Spero This chapter examines the role of multilateral cooperative efforts and institutionalised security cooperation in the Eurasian area through a study of NATO’s PfP programme. In terms of measuring the capacity to increase Eurasian security, the general track record of the post-Cold War security institutions in non-traditional areas of societal democratisation, economic modernisation, civil and cross-border war prevention, and Eurasian integration presents a

in Limiting institutions?